NDA 2020 Exam, Form, Results, Syllabus, Admit card, Eligibility

NDA Exam is an examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission twice a year (once in April and once in September) for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA and Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC). The approximate number of candidates selected through each exam for National Defence Academy is about 339 (208 for Army, 39 for Navy and 92 for Air Force) and for 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme Naval Academy, the numbers advertised was 44. Candidates who fulfil the requirements stated may fill up the NDA online application form. The requirements are Candidates who have Physics, Chemistry and Maths can choose in all three Services – The Air force, Navy and the Army. If someone wants to apply just for the Indian army, then they just need to be a 12th Class pass in any stream of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

National Defence Academy:

National Defence Academy is a Defence Training Institute which imparts basic training for all three Services of Indian Armed Forces – Army, Air Force, and Navy. India Males (NDA is not for females) who intend to join armed Forces can join NDA after 12th. To get into NDA, A three-stage selection Procedure is followed, i.e. Written Exam, Service Selection Board Interview and Finally Medical examination. The selected candidates go through rigorous training for 3 years culminating in graduation with  BA/BSc or BCs (Computer Science) degree of JNU Delhi (Apart from this the candidates are also trained in outdoor skills, like PT, Drills, And games. The emphasis in NDA is on character building, mental and physical robustness, leadership and a sense of keen observation for leading the troops on the battlefield.

Latest Updates:

UPSC postponed NDA and NA(I) Exam, Check Details Here

NDA(I) 2020 Application Form Withdrawal is Available From Today: Apply Here

NDA (National Defence Academy): The Gateway to the Most Prestigious Jobs After 12th


Exam Name
National Defence Academy (NDA)
Conducting Body
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Type
National Level
Mode of Application
Exam Mode
5 hours

NDA (I) 2020 Exam:

An Examination will be conducted by the UPSC on 17th Nov 2019 for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 143rd Course. The admit card for the exam released on 25th Oct 2019 and the candidates can download the admit card from the official website of UPSC till 17th Nov 2019.

NDA(II) 2020 Exam:

An Examination will be conducted by the UPSC on 19th April 2020 for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 143rd Course, and for the 105th Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC) commencing from 2nd January 2020.

NDA 2020 Important Dates:

NDA-2 (Tentative)
Date of Notification
08th January 2020
10th June 2020
Last Date for Submission of Applications
28th January 2020
30th June 2020
Online Applications can be withdrawn
4th February to  11th February 2020 (Available)to be notified
Date of Examination
19th April 2020
6th September 2020
Duration of Exam
01 Day

Course(INAC) commencing
May 2020
November 2020

NDA as a Career a bright and respectable career option

NDA 2020 (I) Admit Card:

The Admit Card will be made available in the UPSC website upsc.gov.in for being downloaded by candidates No Admit Card will be sent by post. For downloading the e-Admit Card the candidate must have his vital parameters like RID & Date of Birth or Roll No. (if received) & date of birth or name, father’s name & Date of Birth available with him.

The process to download the admit card:

1. Visit the official page first

2. Click on the link "E-admit card National Defence Academy examination" available on the display screen.

3. Then the login page will be shown on the screen

4. Before going for downloading the admit card,  check the details mentioned there and read the instruction given in the admit card.

5. Agree to the terms and conditions

6. Select any of the given options between registration number and roll number

7. If candidates select registration number, they need to enter the registration number, date of birth and random image

8. If candidates select roll number, they need to enter roll number, date of birth and random image

9. Clicking the ‘Submit’ button

10. NDA 2020 admit card appears on the screen

11. Download the admit card and take its printout

NDA Syllabus

The NDA syllabus has 2 sections i.e. Mathematics and General Ability. The detailed syllabus for both the sections are given below:


The Highlight of Mathematics syllabus:

Algebra Matrices and Determinants
Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
Differential Calculus
Integral Calculus
Differential Equations
Vector Algebra

Details present in mathematics syllabus of NDA:


Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line.   Maple numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. The solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their Applications.


Types of matrices, operations on matrices.  The determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.


Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrically ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.


Rectangular  Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines. The distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. The point in a three-dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines and the angle between the two planes. Equation of a sphere.


Concept of a real-valued function – domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, the derivative of a function with respect to another function, the derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.


Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.


Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications-work did by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.


Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, And cumulative frequency distribution – examples. Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

General Ability:

The general ability section consists of 7 subjects that are Physics, Chemistry, General Science, History, Geography, English, Current events. The detailed syllabus is mentioned below:

1. Physics:

Physics Syllabus highlight:

Physical Properties and States of Matter
Force and Momentum
Reflection and refraction
Density and Specific Gravity
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
Spherical mirrors and Lenses
Principle of Archimedes
Human Eye
Pressure Barometer
Power and Energy
Properties of a Magnet
Motion of objects
Effects of Heat
Static and Current Electricity
Velocity and Acceleration
Sound waves and their properties
Ohm’s Law
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Rectilinear propagation of Light
Simple Electrical Circuits
Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current
Measurement of Electrical Power
Use of X-Rays

Details in Physics level:

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density, and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. The motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection, and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

2. Chemistry:

Chemistry syllabus Highlight:

Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation
Different forms of carbon
Law of Chemical Combination
Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
Mixtures and Compounds
Structure of Atom
Physical and Chemical Changes
Properties of Air and Water

Details in Chemistry syllabus:

Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts. Carbon – different forms. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.

3. General Science:

General Science Highlight:

Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention
Difference between the living and non-living
Food—Source of Energy for man
Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues
Constituents of food
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
Balanced Diet
Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs
The Solar System
Achievements of Eminent Scientists
Details in General  Science Syllabus:

Difference between living and non- living. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention. Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

4. History:

Exploration and Discovery: War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution
Freedom Movement in India
United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
Role of India in the present world
Panchayati Raj
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
Co-operatives and Community Development
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State

Details in History syllabus:

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilizations. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration, and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, and the Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

5. Geography:

The syllabus of geography contents the topic like-

The Earth, its shape and size
Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones, Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation
Latitudes and Longitudes
Types of Climate
International Date Line
Major Natural Regions of the World
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
Regional Geography of India: Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India
Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
Main items of Imports and Exports of India

6. English:

the question 

Spotting Errors
Spotting Errors
Ordering of Words in a Sentence
Sentence Improvement

7. Current Events:

Important and Recent Events in India
Important Indian or Non-Indian Personalities related to Cultural Activities and Sports
Current important world events

NDA Exam Pattern

Exam mode: Offline

Duration: 5 hours

Types of questions: Objective type (MCQs)

Total questions: 270

Total marks: 900(Mathematics – 300, General Ability test – 600), SSB Interview will be of 900 marks

Exam language: English and Hindi

Negative marking: 1/3rd of the allotted mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer

Mark Distribution:

Total Questions
Time Duration
Maximum Marks
11202 hrs and 30 min
General Ability Test (GAT)
21502 hrs and 30 min

5 hours

Marking Scheme:

Marks awarded for a correct answer
Marks deducted for an incorrect answer
General Ability Test (GAT)

Exam Pattern for Services Selection Board(SSB(Interview)

The SSB Interview is divided into two stages. Candidates qualifying the Stage 1 are called for Stage 2 exam. Stage 1 of SSB Interview comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference.

NDA Preparation Tips

NDA Cut-Off

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases NDA cut off after the declaration of the final result. The cut off is made available separately for written exam and final selection. To get shortlisted for Army/Navy/Naval Academy and Air Force, candidates should clear the NDA cut off separately for written examination and SSB Interview.


Written Exam (Out of 900 marks)
Final (Out of 1800 marks)
Army/Navy/Air Force
342 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)

NDA Previous Years Cut-off (Written Exam):
325 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)
258 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)
229 (With at least 20% marks in each subject)

NDA 2020 Application:

Candidates are required to apply online by using the website upsconline.nic.in. Detailed instructions are available on the mentioned website www.upsc.gov.in or upsconline.nic.in.

- Last Date to apply through online mode is 28th February 2020 (Tentative) till 06.00 PM.

- The online Applications can be withdrawn from 02nd February 2019 to 10th February 2019 till 6:00 PM. (Tentative)

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admit Card three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card will be made available on the UPSC website (upsc.gov.in) for being downloaded by candidates. No Admit Card will be sent by post. All the applicants are required to provide valid & active e-mail id while filling up the online application form as the Commission may use electronic mode for contacting them.

Form Filling Process:

The form filling process of NDA has two parts. The part-1 consists of personal details, branch preference, verifying details and registration ID generation etc while the part-2 consists of fee Payment, Selection of examination center, & Uploading of Photograph and Signature.


Personal details:

- Candidates must have to full fill all the details mentioned in the application form like personal details, educational details and communication details.

- The personal details involve Name of the candidate, Date of birth, Gender, Father’s Name, and Mother’s Name, Nationality, Marital status, Community, Fee Remission, etc;

- The educational qualification includes all the details regarding the Secondary School Exam or an equivalent exam.

- The communication details required the correct address, phone number, registered email ID with emergency contact number, etc

Branch Preferences: 

- Candidates need to choose their preferences among the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy based on their choice.

- To choose the branch preference, they have to select numbers between 1 to 4.

- If the candidate does not want to give any preference, then go for the option "0".

- Those who are from Sanik/Military School or Son of JCO/NCO/Other Rank Officer have to enter details. 

Verifying details:

- After filling the details, candidates have to verify all the details they have entered in the application form.

- Once you go through the details you have put and then click on the "I agree" option because after pressing the button you are no more able to change any details.

- Registration ID generation:

- Candidates can see their registration ID on this page.

- The registration ID of the Candidates will be sent to his registered email ID.


Fee Payment:

- Candidates can pay the application fee in both online and offline mode

- The application fee for General/OBC is Rs. 100 while for SC/ST there is no application fee is applicable.

- The mode of online payment is through any branch of SBI bank/net banking and in offline payment the candidate has to take the print out of pay-in-slip during part-II registration and deposit the fee.

Exam center selection:

- The conducting body UPSC decides the exam centers places.

- candidates have to choose the exam city according to their comfort.

- Candidates are advised to select the exam center earlier so that they don't have to face the lack of exam centers.

Uploading of Photograph and Signature:

- Candidates need to upload all the necessary documents such as copies of scanned photo and signature.

- The size of the scanned photo should be between 3 KB-40 KB while the size of the signature must be 1 KB.

NDA 2020 Application Fee:

- Candidates (excepting SC/ST candidates/Sons of JCOs/NCOs/ORs specified in Note 2 below who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay a fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees one hundred only) either by depositing the money in any Branch of SBI by cash, or by using net banking facility of State Bank of India/State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State Bank of Mysore/State Bank of Patiala/State Bank of Travancore or by using Visa/MasterCard Credit/Debit Card.

- Applicants who opt for “Pay by Cash” mode, should print the system generated Pay-in-slip during Part-II registration and deposit the fee at the counter of SBI Branch on the next working day only.

- “Pay by Cash” mode option will be deactivated at 23.59 hours of 03rd February 2020 ( tentative ) i.e. one day before the closing date; however, applicants who have generated their Pay-in-slip before it is de-activated may pay at the counter of SBI Branch during banking hours on the closing date.

- Such applicants who are unable to pay by cash on the closing date i.e. during banking hours at SBI Branch, for reason whatsoever, even if holding a valid Pay-in-Slip, will have no other offline option but to opt for online Debit/Credit Card or Internet Banking Payment mode on the closing date i.e. till 6.00 P.M. of 04th February 2020 (tentative).


NDA Result

The result of NDA will be released after one month of the commencement of the exam in online mode at the official website of UPSC. Those who clear the written exam qualify for the SSB interview. After clearing the SSB interview, the final result will be declared. 

- Steps to Check the NDA Result:

- Go to the official website of UPSC

- Click the NDA result link on the home page

- A list of qualified candidates will be displayed in PDF format

- Search for your name or roll number

- If you are present in the list, then you have qualified

NDA Scorecard

The scorecard of NDA will be available within a few days after publication of the final result. The scorecard is available to download for a period of 30 days. Details present in the scorecard are:

- Candidate’s name

- Roll numbers

- Sectional and overall scores

Merit List:

A single combined merit list is prepared based on the total marks secured by candidates in the written exam and SSB Interview. The final allocation/selection for admission to the Army, Navy, Air Force of the National Defence Academy and 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme of Indian Naval Academy is done as per the number of vacancies subjected to candidates' eligibility, medical fitness, and merit-cum-preference. 

Eligible candidates who have applied for multiple services are allocated with reference to their orders or preferences. While allocation to one service, they will not be considered for admission to other remaining services/courses.

NDA I 2019 Final Result


Eligibility Criteria: 


A candidate must either be (i) a citizen of India, or ii) a subject of Bhutan, or (iii) a subject of Nepal, or (iv) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 01st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or (v) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

- Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Govt. of India.

- Certificate of eligibility will not, however, be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

Age Limits, Sex, and Marital Status:

- Only unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 02nd July 2000 and not later than 01st July 2003 are eligible.

- The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Secondary School Exam or an equivalent exam certificate.

- These certificates are required to be submitted only after the declaration of the result of the written part of the exam.

- No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted. The expression Matriculation/ Secondary School Exam Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

Educational Qualifications:

(a) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

(b) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent exam can also apply for this exam. Such candidates who qualify the SSB interview but could not produce Matriculation/10+2 or equivalent certificate in original at the time of SSB interview should forward duly self-attested Photocopies to ‘Directorate General of Recruiting, Army HQ, West Block. III, R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066’ and for Naval Academy candidates to ‘Naval Headquarters, DMPR, OI&R Section, Room No. 204, ‘C’ Wing, Sena Bhavan, New Delhi-110011’ by 24th December 2019 failing which their candidature will be canceled.

- All other candidates who have produced their Matriculation and 10+2 pass or equivalent certificates in original at the time of attending the SSB interview and have got the same verified by the SSB authorities are not required to submit the same to Army HQ or Naval HQ as the case may be.

- Certificates in original issued by the Principals of the Institutions are also acceptable in cases where Boards/Universities have not yet issued certificates. Certified true copies/photo state copies of such certificates will not be accepted.

Note 1: Candidates appearing in the 11th class exam are not eligible for this examination.

Note 2: Those candidates who have yet to qualify in the 12th class or equivalent examination and are allowed to appear in the UPSC Exam should note that this is only a special concession given to them.

Note 3: Those candidates who have failed CPSS/PABT earlier are not eligible for Air Force.

Physical Standards:

- Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Exam (I) 2019 as per guidelines are given in Appendix-IV.

- A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.


Q: Is there any negative marking in the NDA exam?

A: Yes, 1/3rd of the allotted mar will be deducted for each incorrect answer.

Q: What is the exam mode of NDA?

A: The NDA exam is conducted in offline mode i.e. it is a paper-based test.

Q: What are the documents I need to carry inside the exam hall?

A: Candidates must carry an original Photo ID proof along with the admit card to the exam hall.

Q: In which language is the NDA exam is conducted?

A: The NDA test paper is conducted in two languages: English and Hindi.

Q: Is there a sectional cut-off in the general ability test?

A: No, there is no sectional cut-off for the seven subjects in the general ability test section.

Q: How many candidates appear NDA every year?

A: Around 6 lakh candidates appear for the NDA exam each year. Among which around 30,000 candidates qualify the written test.

Q: How many time is NDA is conducted in a year?

A: The NDA exam is conducted twice a year.

Q: What is the age limit to apply for NDA?

A: To apply for NDA, the candidate must be within the age limit of 16 years - 19 years.

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