National Defence Academy:
National Defence Academy is a Defence Training Institute which imparts basic training for all three Services of Indian Armed Forces – Army, Air Force, and Navy. India Males (NDA is not for females) who intend to join armed Forces can join NDA after 12th. To get into NDA, A three-stage selection Procedure is followed, i.e. Written Exam, Service Selection Board Interview and Finally Medical examination. The selected candidates go through rigorous training for 3 years culminating in graduation with BA/BSc or BCs (Computer Science) degree of JNU Delhi (Apart from this the candidates are also trained in outdoor skills, like PT, Drills, And games. The emphasis in NDA is on character building, mental and physical robustness, leadership and a sense of keen observation for leading the troops on the battlefield.
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NDA (National Defence Academy): The Gateway to the Most Prestigious Jobs After 12th
|Exam Name||National Defence Academy (NDA)|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)|
|Exam Type||National Level|
|Mode of Application||Online|
NDA (I) 2020 Exam:
NDA 2020 Important Dates:
|Event||NDA-1 ||NDA-2 (Tentative)|
|Date of Notification||08th January 2020||10th June 2020|
|Last Date for Submission of Applications||28th January 2020||30th June 2020|
|Online Applications can be withdrawn||4th February to 11th February 2020 (Available)||to be notified|
|Date of Examination||19th April 2020||6th September 2020|
|Duration of Exam||01 Day|
|Course(INAC) commencing||May 2020||November 2020|
NDA as a Career a bright and respectable career option
NDA 2020 (I) Admit Card:
The Admit Card will be made available in the UPSC website upsc.gov.in for being downloaded by candidates No Admit Card will be sent by post. For downloading the e-Admit Card the candidate must have his vital parameters like RID & Date of Birth or Roll No. (if received) & date of birth or name, father’s name & Date of Birth available with him.
The process to download the admit card:
1. Visit the official page first
2. Click on the link "E-admit card National Defence Academy examination" available on the display screen.
3. Then the login page will be shown on the screen
4. Before going for downloading the admit card, check the details mentioned there and read the instruction given in the admit card.
5. Agree to the terms and conditions
6. Select any of the given options between registration number and roll number
7. If candidates select registration number, they need to enter the registration number, date of birth and random image
8. If candidates select roll number, they need to enter roll number, date of birth and random image
9. Clicking the ‘Submit’ button
10. NDA 2020 admit card appears on the screen
11. Download the admit card and take its printout
The NDA syllabus has 2 sections i.e. Mathematics and General Ability. The detailed syllabus for both the sections are given below:
The Highlight of Mathematics syllabus:
|Algebra Matrices and Determinants||Trigonometry||Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions|
|Differential Calculus||Integral Calculus||Differential Equations|
|Vector Algebra||Statistics ||Probability|
Details present in mathematics syllabus of NDA:
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws. Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Maple numbers – basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. The solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their Applications.
2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. The determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications – Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrically ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications – Height and distance, properties of triangles.
4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines. The distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. The point in a three-dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between the two lines and the angle between the two planes. Equation of a sphere.
5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:
Concept of a real-valued function – domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits – examples. Continuity of functions – examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, the derivative of a function with respect to another function, the derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals – determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves – applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types – examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
7. VECTOR ALGEBRA:
Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications-work did by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
8. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:
Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, And cumulative frequency distribution – examples. Graphical representation – Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon – examples. Measures of Central tendency – Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation – determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
The general ability section consists of 7 subjects that are Physics, Chemistry, General Science, History, Geography, English, Current events. The detailed syllabus is mentioned below:
Physics Syllabus highlight:
|Physical Properties and States of Matter||Force and Momentum||Reflection and refraction|
|Density and Specific Gravity||Stability and Equilibrium of bodies||Spherical mirrors and Lenses|
|Principle of Archimedes||Gravitation||Human Eye|
|Pressure Barometer||Power and Energy||Properties of a Magnet|
|Motion of objects||Effects of Heat||Static and Current Electricity|
|Velocity and Acceleration||Sound waves and their properties||Ohm’s Law|
|Newton’s Laws of Motion||Rectilinear propagation of Light||Simple Electrical Circuits|
|Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current||Measurement of Electrical Power||Use of X-Rays|
Details in Physics level:
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density, and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. The motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of temperature and heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection, and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses. Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Chemistry syllabus Highlight:
|Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts||Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights||Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation|
|Different forms of carbon||Valency||Law of Chemical Combination|
|Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial||Elements||Mixtures and Compounds|
|Structure of Atom||Physical and Chemical Changes||Properties of Air and Water|
Details in Chemistry syllabus:
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts. Carbon – different forms. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
3. General Science:
General Science Highlight:
|Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention||Difference between the living and non-living|
|Food—Source of Energy for man||Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues|
|Constituents of food||Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals|
|Balanced Diet||Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs|
|The Solar System||Achievements of Eminent Scientists|
Details in General Science Syllabus:
Difference between living and non- living. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention. Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
|Exploration and Discovery: War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution||Freedom Movement in India|
|United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism||Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration|
|Role of India in the present world||Panchayati Raj|
|Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi||Co-operatives and Community Development|
|A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation||Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State|
Details in History syllabus:
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilizations. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration, and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, and the Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy. Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
The syllabus of geography contents the topic like-
|The Earth, its shape and size||Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones, Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation|
|Latitudes and Longitudes||Types of Climate|
|International Date Line||Major Natural Regions of the World|
|Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification||Regional Geography of India: Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities|
|Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes||Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India|
|Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition||Main items of Imports and Exports of India|
|Ordering of Words in a Sentence|
7. Current Events:
|Important and Recent Events in India|
|Important Indian or Non-Indian Personalities related to Cultural Activities and Sports|
|Current important world events|
NDA Exam Pattern
Exam mode: Offline
Duration: 5 hours
Types of questions: Objective type (MCQs)
Total questions: 270
Total marks: 900(Mathematics – 300, General Ability test – 600), SSB Interview will be of 900 marks
Exam language: English and Hindi
Negative marking: 1/3rd of the allotted mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer
|Subject||Code||Total Questions||Time Duration||Maximum Marks|
|Mathematics||1||120||2 hrs and 30 min||300|
|General Ability Test (GAT)||2||150||2 hrs and 30 min||600|
|Subject||Marks awarded for a correct answer||Marks deducted for an incorrect answer|
|General Ability Test (GAT)||2.5||0.83|
Exam Pattern for Services Selection Board(SSB(Interview)
The SSB Interview is divided into two stages. Candidates qualifying the Stage 1 are called for Stage 2 exam. Stage 1 of SSB Interview comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference.
NDA Preparation Tips
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases NDA cut off after the declaration of the final result. The cut off is made available separately for written exam and final selection. To get shortlisted for Army/Navy/Naval Academy and Air Force, candidates should clear the NDA cut off separately for written examination and SSB Interview.
|Academy||Written Exam (Out of 900 marks)||Final (Out of 1800 marks)|
|Army/Navy/Air Force||342 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)||704|
NDA Previous Years Cut-off (Written Exam):
|2018||325 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)|
|2017||258 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)|
|2016||229 (With at least 20% marks in each subject)|
NDA 2020 Application:
Candidates are required to apply online by using the website upsconline.nic.in. Detailed instructions are available on the mentioned website www.upsc.gov.in or upsconline.nic.in.
e Payment, Selection of examination center, & Uploading of Photograph and Signature.
- Candidates must have to full fill all the details mentioned in the application form like personal details, educational details and communication details.
- The personal details involve Name of the candidate, Date of birth, Gender, Father’s Name, and Mother’s Name, Nationality, Marital status, Community, Fee Remission, etc;
- The educational qualification includes all the details regarding the Secondary School Exam or an equivalent exam.
- The communication details required the correct address, phone number, registered email ID with emergency contact number, etc
- Candidates need to choose their preferences among the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy based on their choice.
- To choose the branch preference, they have to select numbers between 1 to 4.
- If the candidate does not want to give any preference, then go for the option "0".
- Those who are from Sanik/Military School or Son of JCO/NCO/Other Rank Officer have to enter details.
- After filling the details, candidates have to verify all the details they have entered in the application form.
- Once you go through the details you have put and then click on the "I agree" option because after pressing the button you are no more able to change any details.
- Registration ID generation:
- Candidates can see their registration ID on this page.
- The registration ID of the Candidates will be sent to his registered email ID.
- Candidates can pay the application fee in both online and offline mode
- The application fee for General/OBC is Rs. 100 while for SC/ST there is no application fee is applicable.
- The mode of online payment is through any branch of SBI bank/net banking and in offline payment the candidate has to take the print out of pay-in-slip during part-II registration and deposit the fee.
Exam center selection:
- The conducting body UPSC decides the exam centers places.
- candidates have to choose the exam city according to their comfort.
- Candidates are advised to select the exam center earlier so that they don't have to face the lack of exam centers.
Uploading of Photograph and Signature:
- Candidates need to upload all the necessary documents such as copies of scanned photo and signature.
- The size of the scanned photo should be between 3 KB-40 KB while the size of the signature must be 1 KB.
NDA 2020 Application Fee:
- Such applicants who are unable to pay by cash on the closing date i.e. during banking hours at SBI Branch, for reason whatsoever, even if holding a valid Pay-in-Slip, will have no other offline option but to opt for online Debit/Credit Card or Internet Banking Payment mode on the closing date i.e. till 6.00 P.M. of 04th February 2020 (tentative).
The result of NDA will be released after one month of the commencement of the exam in online mode at the official website of UPSC. Those who clear the written exam qualify for the SSB interview. After clearing the SSB interview, the final result will be declared.
- Steps to Check the NDA Result:
- Go to the official website of UPSC
- Click the NDA result link on the home page
- A list of qualified candidates will be displayed in PDF format
- Search for your name or roll number
- If you are present in the list, then you have qualified
The scorecard of NDA will be available within a few days after publication of the final result. The scorecard is available to download for a period of 30 days. Details present in the scorecard are:
- Candidate’s name
- Roll numbers
- Sectional and overall scores
A single combined merit list is prepared based on the total marks secured by candidates in the written exam and SSB Interview. The final allocation/selection for admission to the Army, Navy, Air Force of the National Defence Academy and 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme of Indian Naval Academy is done as per the number of vacancies subjected to candidates' eligibility, medical fitness, and merit-cum-preference.
Eligible candidates who have applied for multiple services are allocated with reference to their orders or preferences. While allocation to one service, they will not be considered for admission to other remaining services/courses.
NDA I 2019 Final Result
A candidate must either be (i) a citizen of India, or ii) a subject of Bhutan, or (iii) a subject of Nepal, or (iv) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 01st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or (v) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
- Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Govt. of India.
- Certificate of eligibility will not, however, be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.
Age Limits, Sex, and Marital Status:
- Only unmarried male candidates born not earlier than 02nd July 2000 and not later than 01st July 2003 are eligible.
- The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University which must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Secondary School Exam or an equivalent exam certificate.
- These certificates are required to be submitted only after the declaration of the result of the written part of the exam.
- No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted. The expression Matriculation/ Secondary School Exam Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.
(a) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
(b) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent exam can also apply for this exam. Such candidates who qualify the SSB interview but could not produce Matriculation/10+2 or equivalent certificate in original at the time of SSB interview should forward duly self-attested Photocopies to ‘Directorate General of Recruiting, Army HQ, West Block. III, R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066’ and for Naval Academy candidates to ‘Naval Headquarters, DMPR, OI&R Section, Room No. 204, ‘C’ Wing, Sena Bhavan, New Delhi-110011’ by 24th December 2019 failing which their candidature will be canceled.
- All other candidates who have produced their Matriculation and 10+2 pass or equivalent certificates in original at the time of attending the SSB interview and have got the same verified by the SSB authorities are not required to submit the same to Army HQ or Naval HQ as the case may be.
- Certificates in original issued by the Principals of the Institutions are also acceptable in cases where Boards/Universities have not yet issued certificates. Certified true copies/photo state copies of such certificates will not be accepted.
Note 1: Candidates appearing in the 11th class exam are not eligible for this examination.
Note 2: Those candidates who have yet to qualify in the 12th class or equivalent examination and are allowed to appear in the UPSC Exam should note that this is only a special concession given to them.
Note 3: Those candidates who have failed CPSS/PABT earlier are not eligible for Air Force.
- Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Exam (I) 2019 as per guidelines are given in Appendix-IV.
- A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.
Q: Is there any negative marking in the NDA exam?
A: Yes, 1/3rd of the allotted mar will be deducted for each incorrect answer.
Q: What is the exam mode of NDA?
A: The NDA exam is conducted in offline mode i.e. it is a paper-based test.
Q: What are the documents I need to carry inside the exam hall?
A: Candidates must carry an original Photo ID proof along with the admit card to the exam hall.
Q: In which language is the NDA exam is conducted?
A: The NDA test paper is conducted in two languages: English and Hindi.
Q: Is there a sectional cut-off in the general ability test?
A: No, there is no sectional cut-off for the seven subjects in the general ability test section.
Q: How many candidates appear NDA every year?
A: Around 6 lakh candidates appear for the NDA exam each year. Among which around 30,000 candidates qualify the written test.
Q: How many time is NDA is conducted in a year?
A: The NDA exam is conducted twice a year.
Q: What is the age limit to apply for NDA?
A: To apply for NDA, the candidate must be within the age limit of 16 years - 19 years.
Read Here, A career in Defence
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