General Surgery: Course Details, Eligibility,Top entrances

Surgery is a medical speciality that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat diseases or injuries, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas. Surgical procedure/operation/surgery is the process of performing surgery. The major role of a surgeon is to provide operative intervention but he/she may also perform other medical procedures like diagnosis, investigation, giving medical care of patients in an emergency. Trainees selecting surgery as a possible career path have to select any one speciality within surgery.

Top Colleges:

 General Surgery is a specialized course only theory is not sufficient here a lot of practice is very much important to become a specialist. Life of a person totally depends upon the doctor. Some colleges offer this General Surgery course, which is as follow.

  1. Christian Medical College, Vellore.
  2. University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
  3. Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi.
  4. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal.
  5. Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi.
  6. Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  7. Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh.
  8. Grant Medical College, Mumbai.


 A general surgeon has specialized knowledge and experience related to the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management, including the management of complications, in nine primary components of surgery, all of which are essential to the education of a broadly based surgeon:

  1. Alimentary tract
  2. Abdomen and its contents
  3. Breast, skin, and soft tissue
  4. Head and neck, including trauma, vascular, endocrine, congenital and oncologic disorders - particularly tumours of the skin, salivary glands, thyroid, parathyroid, and the oral cavity
  5. Vascular system, excluding the intracranial vessels and heart
  6. The endocrine system, including thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and endocrine pancreas
  7. Surgical oncology, including coordinated multimodality management of the cancer patient by screening, surveillance, surgical adjunctive therapy, rehabilitation, and follow-up
  8. Comprehensive management of trauma, including musculoskeletal, hand, and head injuries. The responsibility for all phases of care of the injured patient is an essential component of general surgery.
  9. Complete care of critically ill patients with underlying surgical conditions, in the emergency room, intensive care unit, and trauma/burn units

Course & Eligibility:

Master Degree3 years
  • Candidates should have an MBBS degree along with 1 year of internship from any recognized Institution/University affiliated by Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • Candidates should have qualified any of the PG level Medical entrance examinations.

Top Recruiters:

General Surgery is a core subject, only the medical organisation hire a general surgeon. According to the practices and experiences surgeon hired by this organisation.
  • Government Medical organisation.
  • Private Medical Organisation.
  • Railways Medical Sector
  • Defence Medical Sector
  • Medical Research Institution

Admission Procedure:

  1. Students have to complete the MBBS programme along with the 1-year internship. Only the completed internship students can apply for the PG registration.
  2. Students have to qualify the PG entrance exam for taking admission into the course.
  3. After taking the score of the entrance exam students are allotted their specialist followed by personal


Semester ISemester IISemester III
General Surgery
General Surgery
General Surgery
Neuro Surgery
Intensive Coaching
Radiology and Radiotherapy
Plastic Surgery
Ortho and Traumatology
Paediatric Surgery

Skills Required:

  1. Good motor skills. Hand-eye coordination, manual dexterity and attention to detail are all absolute musts for anyone doing small but vital jobs like severing blood vessels, cutting out tumours or stitching wounds.
  2. Teamwork.
  3. Communication skills.
  4. Problem-solving.
  5. Patience and stamina.

Top Entrances:

  1. NEET PG

Job Prospects:

Job PostJob DescriptionAverage Salary per annum
ProfessorThere is no difference between a surgeon or a professor, in a medical institution, a professor is a surgeon simultaneously. Teaches the details course about surgery to the PG students. 5 lakhs to 20 lakhs
SurgeonSurgery always has a very important place in modern medicine & science. Many diseases like heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease etc have come under a surgeon’s specialization. The demand for surgery in present and future is never-ending. 
5 lakhs to 20 lakhs


Q: What are the responsibilities of a General Surgeon?
A: Examine patients and make diagnoses to determine the need for surgery. Review patient medical history and plan the best procedure for treatment. Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatment and procedures. Ensure sterility in the operating room, and all equipment and instruments.

Q: Types of the Surgeon?

A: The Indian College of Surgeons recognizes 14 surgical specialities: cardiothoracic surgery, colon and rectal surgery, general surgery, gynaecology and obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, neurological surgery, ophthalmic surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedic surgery, otorhinolaryngology, pediatric surgery, plastic and maxillofacial surgery, urology, and vascular surgery.

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