Surgery is a medical speciality that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat diseases or injuries, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas. Surgical procedure/operation/surgery is the process of performing surgery. The major role of a surgeon is to provide operative intervention but he/she may also perform other medical procedures like diagnosis, investigation, giving medical care of patients in an emergency. Trainees selecting surgery as a possible career path have to select any one speciality within surgery.
A general surgeon has specialized knowledge and experience related to the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management, including the management of complications, in nine primary components of surgery, all of which are essential to the education of a broadly based surgeon:
- Alimentary tract
- Abdomen and its contents
- Breast, skin, and soft tissue
- Head and neck, including trauma, vascular, endocrine, congenital and oncologic disorders - particularly tumours of the skin, salivary glands, thyroid, parathyroid, and the oral cavity
- Vascular system, excluding the intracranial vessels and heart
- The endocrine system, including thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and endocrine pancreas
- Surgical oncology, including coordinated multimodality management of the cancer patient by screening, surveillance, surgical adjunctive therapy, rehabilitation, and follow-up
- Comprehensive management of trauma, including musculoskeletal, hand, and head injuries. The responsibility for all phases of care of the injured patient is an essential component of general surgery.
- Complete care of critically ill patients with underlying surgical conditions, in the emergency room, intensive care unit, and trauma/burn units
Course & Eligibility:
|Master Degree||3 years|
- Candidates should have an MBBS degree along with 1 year of internship from any recognized Institution/University affiliated by Medical Council of India (MCI).
- Candidates should have qualified any of the PG level Medical entrance examinations.
General Surgery is a core subject, only the medical organisation hire a general surgeon. According to the practices and experiences surgeon hired by this organisation.
- Government Medical organisation.
- Private Medical Organisation.
- Railways Medical Sector
- Defence Medical Sector
- Medical Research Institution
- Students have to complete the MBBS programme along with the 1-year internship. Only the completed internship students can apply for the PG registration.
- Students have to qualify the PG entrance exam for taking admission into the course.
- After taking the score of the entrance exam students are allotted their specialist followed by personal
|Semester I||Semester II||Semester III|
|General Surgery||General Surgery||General Surgery|
|Anaesthesia||Neuro Surgery||Intensive Coaching|
|Radiology and Radiotherapy||Plastic Surgery||-|
|Ortho and Traumatology||Paediatric Surgery||-|
- Good motor skills. Hand-eye coordination, manual dexterity and attention to detail are all absolute musts for anyone doing small but vital jobs like severing blood vessels, cutting out tumours or stitching wounds.
- Communication skills.
- Patience and stamina.
|Job Post||Job Description||Average Salary per annum|
|Professor||There is no difference between a surgeon or a professor, in a medical institution, a professor is a surgeon simultaneously. Teaches the details course about surgery to the PG students. ||5 lakhs to 20 lakhs|
|Surgeon||Surgery always has a very important place in modern medicine & science. Many diseases like heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease etc have come under a surgeon’s specialization. The demand for surgery in present and future is never-ending. ||5 lakhs to 20 lakhs|
Q: What are the responsibilities of a General Surgeon?
A: Examine patients and make diagnoses to determine the need for surgery. Review patient medical history and plan the best procedure for treatment. Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatment and procedures. Ensure sterility in the operating room, and all equipment and instruments.
Q: Types of the Surgeon?
A: The Indian College of Surgeons recognizes 14 surgical specialities: cardiothoracic surgery, colon and rectal surgery, general surgery, gynaecology and obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, neurological surgery, ophthalmic surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedic surgery, otorhinolaryngology, pediatric surgery, plastic and maxillofacial surgery, urology, and vascular surgery.