Just imagine what would have happened to the patients if doctors would have suggested to cut them open every time to check every minor and major internal injuries? Isn’t it scary? There is a branch of medicine which enables the doctors to see inside the patient’s body and distinguish and treat diseases without cutting them open. The branch is called Radiology or medical imaging. This discipline of study brings scientists from biology, physics and chemistry together.
Radiology is divided into two areas namely diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology. Various imaging techniques used by the Radiologists include-
- X-ray radiography
- Nuclear imaging
- Computerized tomography (CT)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Positron emission tomography (PET)
Importance of Radiology
Radiology has become very essential for all major medical conditions to treat diseases more accurately. Following are some of the reasons of faster growing radiography in today’s world of medicine.
- Rapid and accurate diagnosis
- It replaces the need for surgery and allows doctors to view various organs and areas with the help of image.
- Medical Imaging helps in Early Diagnosis which might have remained unseen until they reach a much more severe stage.
- It reduces the costs associated with surgery and other hospital expenses.
The demand of professional radiology technologists in hospitals and clinics are increasing rapidly with the development in technologies. The employment prospects for radiographers are vast, both in private and public sector and both within the country and overseas. After completing the study of Radiology one can also work as
- Radiology Technologist/Radiographer
- Radiology Assistant
- Radiology Technician
- MRI Technician
- CT Tech /CT Scan Technologist/CAT Scan Technologist
- Radiology Nurse
- Ultrasound Technician / Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
Now, if you are thinking to pursue Radiology as a career then here is the details for you.
Courses offered in Radiology
To become a Radiologist one can opt for diploma courses, bachelor’s course, master’s course and certification courses in this field. The specializations one can do in radiology are Breast-imaging specialist, Diagnostic radiology, Genitourinary radiology, Cardiovascular radiologist, Emergency radiology, Radiation oncology, Gastrointestinal radiology, Nuclear radiology, Neuro-radiology, Pediatric radiology
Diploma Courses (2 years)
- Diploma in Radiography and Radiotherapy
- Diploma in Radio-diagnostic Technology
- Certificate in Radiography
- Certificate in Radiology Assistant
- Certificate in Radiography Diagnostic
Bachelor’s Courses (3 years)
- B.Sc in Radiography
- B.Sc (Hons.) in Medical Radiotherapy Technology
Master’s Courses (2 years)
- Post Graduate Diploma in Radiotherapy Technology
- Post Graduate Diploma in Radio-diagnosis and Imaging Sciences
- Post Graduate Diploma in X-ray Radiography and Ultra-sonography
Some of the Top Colleges Offering the Courses in Radiology in India:
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
- King George's Medical University, [KGMU] Lucknow
- Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
- Maulana Azad Medical College, [MAMC] New Delhi
- University College of Medical Sciences, [UCMS] New Delhi
- Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh
- Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education And Research, Kolkata
- Lady Hardinge Medical College, [LHMC] New Delhi
- Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
- Christian Medical College, Vellore
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