GATE 2021 Exam Pattern for Civil Engineering

By Editorial

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern has been revised and released by IIT Bombay on its official site. Now all the candidates will be able to opt for one and a maximum of two papers. There are also some changes in GATE 2021 mark distribution. 


GATE 2021 Exam Pattern- Highlights

Exam Duration 3 hours (180 minutes)
Number of Questions 65
Total Marks 100
Questions Type There will be two question types:
  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
  • Multiple Select Questions and /or Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Number of sections Will comprise of total 3 sections except for AR, CY, GG, EY, XL, PH, and MA papers :
General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics (for XL papers it is Chemistry), and Subject-Specific section
General Aptitude Section It Will consist of a compulsory General Aptitude (GA) section constituting 10 questions. 5 of the questions among 10 will carry 1 mark and the rest 5 will carry 2 marks each. Total marks - 15.
Marking Scheme Two types of MCQs:
  • MCQs - 1 mark for each correct answer; 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.
  • MCQs - 2 marks for each correct answer; 2/3 mark will be deducted for every incorrect response. There are no negative marking for Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions

GATE 2021 exam dates have been announced by IIT Bombay and it is scheduled to be conducted from February 5th to 7th & 12th to 14th 2021. Before starting the preparation, candidates must know the right information about all topics included in the syllabus. After qualifying for the GATE 2021 candidates can take admission in various IITs, NITs to pursue M.Tech.

GATE 2021 Civil Engineering syllabus has three different sections such as General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Civil Engineering. Engineering Mathematics is one of the most important sections with topics like linear algebra, calculus, probability, etc.

  • This year, in GATE 2021 exam the maximum of 72% weightage will be given to the core syllabus and 15% to General Aptitude, and 13% to Engineering Mathematics. 
  • Candidates will also get an option to opt and sit for two papers. 
  • Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical & naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. 

What are the changes in the syllabus for Civil Engineering? 

Engineering Mathematics:

Removed Portion: 

  • Maclaurin series; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems
  • Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Least square approximation

Added Portion:

  • Linear Regression

Engineering Mechanics:

Removed portion: 

  • Euler’s equations of motion; 
  • Impulse-momentum; 
  • Energy methods; 
  • Principles of virtual work.

Added Portion:

  • Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.

Solid Mechanics:

Removed Portion: 

  • Theories of Failure

Construction Materials and Management:

Removed Portion: 

  • Bricks and mortar; 
  • Timber; 
  • Bitumen

Concrete Structures:

Removed Portion: 

  • Ultimate load design concepts
  • Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics:

Removed Portion:

  • Kinematics of flow
  • Velocity triangles; 
  • Basics of hydraulic machines
  • Specific speed of pumps and turbines

Environmental Engineering:

Removed Portion:

  • Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise, and control of noise pollution.
  • Transportation Engineering:

Removed Portion:

  • Highway alignment and engineering surveys
  • Level of service of rural highways and urban roads   

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Civil Engineering

Here is the detailed syllabus of the GATE Civil engineering Syllabus which consists of 7 sections namely: 

Section 1 – Engineering Mathematics

Sections Topics
Section 1 Linear Algebra
Section 2 Calculus
Section 3 Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
Section 4 Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
Section 5 Probability and Statistics
Section 6 Numerical Methods

Section 2 – Structural Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Engineering Mechanics
Section 2 Solid Mechanics
Section 3 Structural Analysis
Section 4 Construction Materials and Management
Section 5 Concrete Structures
Section 6 Steel Structures

Section 3 – Geomatics Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Soil Mechanics
Section 2 Foundation Engineering

Section 4 – Water Resources Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Fluid Mechanics
Section 2 Hydraulics
Section 3 Hydrology
Section 4 Irrigation

Section 5 – Environmental Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Water and Waste Water
Section 2 Air Pollution
Section 3 Municipal Solid Wastes

Section 6 – Transportation Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Transportation Infrastructure
Section 2 Traffic Engineering
Section 3 Highway Pavements

Section 7 – Geotechnical Engineering

Sections Topics
Section 1 Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system
Section 2 Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric leveling; Traversing and triangulation survey
Section 3 Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; Remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

Types of Questions Asked in GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Exam

The General Aptitude and Mathematics section in GATE 2021 exam consists of MCQ and numerical type questions. For the MCQ type questions, there will be four available options, among which candidates will have to choose one correct option. For the numerical type questions, the candidates will have to enter the integer value in the space for the answer.

In the GATE 2021 exam, candidates will face the following types of questions in the exam:

Comprehension: This section will consist of fundamental ideas about the Civil Engineering topics from which the candidates will have to draw a simple conclusion.

  • Recall: This section will have some formula based questions or facts of various concepts for which the candidates will have to perform one line computations, substituting the relevant formula.
  • Application: In this section, candidates will face some logical reasoning or computation based questions.
  • Analysis: The candidates will have to analyze the given data in this section to draw a conclusion based on the synthesis.
  • Linked Answer Questions: The candidates will have to formulate a problem statement based on which, 2 to 3 linked questions can be answered. These types of questions in this section will fetch 2 marks each.
  • Common Data Problems: For This section, various problems will be linked with some common data based on which, there can be a separate and unique solution for each question. These types of questions will consist of 2 marks each.

Let us have a look at the marking pattern for the GATE 2021 exam for Civil Engineering: -

Course Subject Total Questions Marks Allotted
Civil Engineering General Aptitude 10 15
  Mathematics 10 15
Civil Engineering Subjects 45 17
Total 65 100

There will be an addition of 1 & 2 marks for each correct answer according to the assigned marks and a deduction of 1/3 & 2/3 mark for each incorrect answer according to the assigned marks. There are no negative markings for Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions in GATE 2021 Examination.

GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Weightage of Sections:

Topic The weightage (Marks)
Numerical Ability 8
Verbal Ability 7
Engineering Mathematics  10
Engineering Mechanics 1
Construction Materials & Management 6
Steel Structure 5
Soil Mechanics  15
Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulics 8
Hydrology & Irrigation 5
Water & Waste Water 10
Transportation Engineering 11
Geomatics Engineering 5

Read here : Civil Engineering: Diploma, B.Tech, M.Tech, Courses, Jobs, Colleges


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