Career in Family Law and its Course Details

14Oct,2020
By Editorial

Family Law focuses on the topics related to family matters such as divorce, abuse, custody of children, financial matters, etc. This course also concerns with areas related to tax, contracts, real estate, partnership law, and many other fields relating to family affairs. This course for those students who have a desire of getting specialization in Family Laws and handling legal matters related to the family. Students who wish to seek a degree in Family Laws should have skills like problem-solving abilities, analytical and logical thinking and they should also have an enthusiasm for doing something good for society.

Highlights:

Course Name Family Law
Course Level

Undergraduate/Bachelor Degree:

  • LLB (Honours) Family Law - I
  • BBA LLB (Honours) - Family Law - II

Postgraduate/Master's Degree: LLM in Family Law

Duration

LLB (Honours) Family Law - I: 3 Years

BBA LLB (Honours) - Family Law - II: 5 Years

LLM in Family Law: 3 Years

Examination Type Semester
Eligibility Varies with degree
Admission Process Merit/Entrance Based
Top Recruiter  Supreme Court of India, Govt. of India Offices, District Courts, High Courts, NGOs, Private Law Firms
Top Career Scopes Legal Advisor, Lawyer, Law Inspector, Judge, Magistrate, Lecturer/ Teacher

 

Top Colleges

Eligibility:

Course Name Duration Eligibility  Entrance
LLB (Honours) Family Law - I 3 Years
  • Students should have completed their 10+2 or equivalent from a recognized university.
  • The minimum aggregate marks in the 10+2 should be 50% or more.
CLAT, AILET, DU LLB, University Self Conducted Exams
BBA LLB (Honours) - Family Law - II 5 Years
  • Students should have completed their 10+2 or equivalent from a recognized university.
  • The minimum aggregate marks in the 10+2 should be 50% or more.
CLAT, AILET, University Self Conducted Exams
LLM in Family Law 3 Years
  • Students should have completed their LLB or equivalent from a recognized university.
  • The minimum aggregate marks in the LLB should be 50% or more.
CLAT, AILET, LSAT, ILI CAT, University Self Conducted Exams

 

Syllabus:

The syllabus of Family Law may differ across various colleges, however, some of the core modules remain the same. The course curriculum/syllabus for Family Law has been mentioned below:

Modules Covered in LLB (Honours) Family Law - I 

Module 1 - Introduction to Personal Laws Module 2 - Marriage Laws

Sources of Hindu Law:

  • Ancient Sources – Shrutis & Smritis, Commentaries & Digest, Custom
  • Modern Sources – Judicial Decisions, Legislations, Equity, Justice and Good Conscience 

Marriage Under Hindu Law:

  • Nature, Definition, and Forms of Marriage
  • Conditions for Marriage & Registration of Marriage
  • Marriage Ceremonies and proof of Marriage
  • Degree of Prohibited relationship and Sapinda relationship
  • Grounds of Void & Voidable Marriage

Sources of Muslim Law:

  • Primary Sources – Quran, Sunnat, Ahadis, Ijma, Qiyas
  • Secondary Sources – Custom, Judicial Decision, Legislation, Equity, Justice and Good Conscience

Marriage under Muslim Law:

  • Definition, Nature, and Scope of Muslim Marriage (Nikah)
  • Difference between Hindu & Muslim Marriage
  • Essential Conditions of Muslim Marriage
  • Classification of Muslim Marriage
  • Distinction between Shia & Sunni Law of Marriage 
Schools of Hindu Law & Muslim Law

 

Module 3 - Dissolution of Marriage Module 4 - Maintenance and Adoption Module – 5 Guardianship
Judicial Separation & Restitution of Conjugal Rights

Maintenance under Hindu Law:

  • Provisions under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
  • Provisions under the Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act, 1956
  • Provisions under the Cr.P.C, 1973

Guardianship of person

  • Natural, Testamentary and Guardian appointed by court

Dissolution of Marriage under Hindu Law:

  • Nullity of Marriage
  • Grounds of Divorce & Wife’s Special Grounds for Divorce
  • Divorce by Mutual Consent
  • Irretrievable Breakdown of Marriage

Maintenance under Muslim Law:

  • Maintenance to Muslim Wife
  • Divorced Wife’s Right to Maintenance under Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986
  • Maintenance to Muslim Children
Guardianship of minors property

Dissolution of Marriage under Muslim Law:

  • Essentials of Talaq
  • Modes of Talaq
  • Judicial Separation under The Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939
  • Distinction between Shia & Sunni Law of Divorce

Adoption under Hindu Law:

  • Who may adopt, who may give in adoption and who can be adopted
  • Ceremonies of Adoption & Effects of Adoption
  • Relationship of Adopted Child & Proof of Adoption
Defacto Guardian

Guardianship under Muslim Law

  • Meaning
  • Appointment and Removal of Guardianship
  • Kinds of guardianship- guardianship in marriage, person, and property 

Modules Covered in LLB (Honours) Family Law - II

Module I - Hindu Joint Family and Coparcenary Module 2 - Property Module 3 - Partition
Meaning, Characteristics &Distinction between Hindu Joint Family and Coparcenary Classification of Joint Family Property – Ancestral, Doctrine of Accretion, Doctrine of Detriment, Doctrine of Blending Meaning of Partition, De Facto & De Jure Partition
Distinction between Mitakshara & Dayabhaga Coparcenary and Changes introduced by The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 Separate or Self Acquired Property & its Sources Subject matter of Partition & properties not capable of partition
Rights of Coparceners and Position of Female Coparceners Property inherited from Maternal Grandfather, Gift of Self acquired property by Father to Son, property inherited from Father under Hindu Succession Act, 1956 and Concept of Gains of Learning Persons having Right to partition& Persons entitled only to Share in Partition
Karta – Position, Powers and Rights & Duties Alienation of Hindu Joint Family Property – Karta’s & Coparcener’s Power of Alienation & Right to Challenge unauthorized Alienation Mode of partition & How Partition is effected
General Rules of Inheritance & Classification of Heirs under the Shia Law & Sunni Law Revocation, Re-opening, and Re-union of Partition

 

Module 4 - Hindu Law of Succession Module 5 - Gift (Hiba), Wills (Wasiyat) & Waqfsunder Muslim Law
Succession to Separate/ Divided property of a Hindu Male dying intestate – class I, class II heirs, Agnates & Cognates Meaning &Essentials of a Valid Gift
Succession to Mitakshara Coparcener’s undivided interest Irregular Gift (Mushaa), Gift of Exchange ( Hiba - bil - iwaz), and Revocation of Gifts
Disqualifications under the Hindu Succession Act & its effect on Succession Object & Essentials of a Valid Will under Muslim Law
Hindu Woman’s Property under S.14(1), S.14(2), S.15(1), S.15(2) of Hindu Succession Act, 1956 Difference between Sunni Law & Shia Law on Will
Wakfs & Essentials of Waqfs under Shia & Sunni Law and Doctrine of Cypres

 

LLM in Family Law

Subject Name Subject Name
Family Law I – System Scope Sources and Schools [Specialization Elective Courses] Family Law III – Nuclear and Extended Family Rights [Specialization Elective Courses]
Family Law II – Marriage and Matrimonial Remedies [Specialization Elective Courses] Family Law IV – (Penal Laws on Family Affairs) [Specialization Elective Courses]
Comparative Public Law [Core Courses] Family Law V – Family Property and Succession [Specialization Elective Courses]
Law and Justice in Globalizing World [Core Courses] Family Law VI – Family Disputes Resolution [Specialization Elective Courses]
Legal English and Research Methodology [Core Courses] Dissertation [Non-Teaching Credit Courses]
Foreign Business Language Foreign Business Language
Open Elective Courses Outdoor Activity-Based Courses

 

Admission Process:

It's very important for the student to understand the admission process of a particular college before applying for a degree in Family Law. There are many institutions that offer Family Law on the basis of marks secured in a specific entrance exam (National/State Level). However, some institutes have their own entrance examinations (University level Entrance Examination). Still, there are a few colleges that have merit-based selection procedures where applicants are selected on the basis of marks secured in their last academic period.

Top Entrances:

1. CLAT

  • Exam Mode: Offline mode (Pen & paper-based test)
  • Exam Duration: 2 hours
  • Total Marks: 200

2. AILET

  • Total Number of Questions: 150
  • Duration of Exam: 90 minutes
  • Eligibility: Aspirants should complete LL.B. or an equivalent degree with 55% marks (50% in case of SC/ST/ Persons with Disability). Candidates appearing in the final year exam of LL.B are also eligible to register for AILET 2018 exam.

3. LSAT

  • LSAT 2020 is replaced as LSAT-Flex
  • Exam Mode: Online (Digitally) 
  • Type of Questions: MCQ (Multiple Choice)

4. DU LLB 

  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Exam Duration: 2 hours
  • Marking Scheme: +4 marks for a correct answer, -1 mark for an incorrect answer

6. ILICAT

  • Exam Mode: Offline i.e. Pen and Paper-based
  • Number of Questions: 160
  • Exam Duration: 2.5 hrs

Career Scope:

Career/Job Profiles Average Salary/Annum
Legal Advisor Rs 4 - 8 Lakhs
Lawyer Rs 3 - 6 Lakhs
Law Inspector Rs 4 - 7 Lakhs
Judge Rs 8 - 15 Lakhs
Magistrate Rs 5 - 8 Lakhs
Lecturer/ Teacher Rs 3 - 6 Lakhs

 

Top Recruiters:

  • NGOs
  • Govt. of India Offices
  • District Courts
  • High Courts
  • Supreme Court of India
  • Private Law Firms

Top Recruiting Cities:

  • New Delhi
  • Bangalore
  • Mumbai
  • Hyderabad
  • Chennai
  • Ahmedabad

Trending job roles:

Students can explore some of the most popular job roles in this category.

Professor (Family Law):

Being a Professor in Family Law, one has to have an in-depth knowledge of the domain. He/She must hold at least a Masters's degree. 

  • Starting salary: 2.3 lakh per annum (pa)
  • Mid-level salary: 4.7 lakh pa
  • Senior-level: 9.9 lakh pa

Family Advocate:

He/She evaluates the current situation of a family in distress, and gives the needed recommendations to the court for further action such as guardianship of a child, and so on. 

  • Starting salary: 3 lakh per annum (pa)
  • Mid-level salary: 6 lakh pa
  • Senior-level: 10 lakh pa

Divorce lawyer:

The lawyer assists their client to decide on whether and how they will end their marriage in a legal way. The lawyers are also involved in dealing with cases relating to will, trusts, custody of the child, and so on. 

  • Starting salary: 3.5 lakh per annum (pa)
  • Mid-level salary: 5.5 lakh pa
  • Senior-level: 10.5 lakh pa

 

Important books to follow:

Books Author
Family Law in India Prof. GVC Subba Rao
Halsbury’s Laws of India LexisNexis
Family Laws in India (Hindu, Muslim, Christian & Parsi Law) Dr. S.R.Myneni

 

FAQ's:

Q: What is the Family Law course?
A: Family Law focuses on the topics related to family matters such as divorce, abuse, custody of children, financial matters, etc. This course also concerns with areas related to tax, contracts, real estate, partnership law, and many other fields relating to family affairs.

Q: What are the top colleges that provide a degree in Family Law course?
A: Some of the top colleges are mentioned below:

Q: What are the top entrances to consider for a degree in Family Law course?
A: Some of the top entrances are mentioned below:

Q: What are the top career profiles after a degree in Family Law course?
A: Some of the top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Lawyer
  • Legal Advisor
  • Family Planning Advisor
  • Judge

Q: Who are the top recruiters in the field of Family law?
A: The top recruiters in this field are as follows:

  • NGOs
  • Govt. of India Offices
  • District Courts
  • High Courts

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