Electrical and Electronics Engineering: The Study of Electrical Energy

By Editorial

Recently, the scopes for electrical and electronics engineering has amplified after the Vision 2022 for Indian Electrical Equipment Industry initiative has been declared by the Government of India. The estimated growth in this industry is expected to be 100 billion USD. This will generate around 1.5 million jobs as direct recruitments and 2 million indirect recruitments.

Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE) is concerned with the technologies required for our future needs that include communication, entertainment, energy, and healthcare. This course basically focuses on Power, Embedded, Analogue, Digital and Communication Systems.

What you will focus on?

  • Designing and tEsting different types of electrical circuits and their components
  • Researching and development of new techniques and products
  • Understanding the nature of power both on a small scale and large scale
  • Studying a variety of electronic courses such as micro, nano, RF, VLSI, etc.
  • Study of signal & image processing, multimedia communications, electrical energy, multimodal data processing, biomedical instruments, space applications & technologies, etc.


Course Name Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Course Level Diploma, B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology), and M.Tech (Master of Technology)

Diploma: 2 -3 years

B.Tech: 4 years

M.Tech: 2 years

Examination Type Semester Type

Diploma: Must have completed 10th with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate

B.Tech: Must have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate

M.Tech: B.Tech or Equivalent degree in Engineering

Top Recruiters Electronics and Communication department, IT industry, Telecommunication industry, Equipment manufacturing companies, Universities & colleges, etc.
Top Career/Job Profiles Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Network Engineer, Software Engineer, Research Analyst, Professor, etc.


Electrical Engineering vs. Electronics Engineering

Electrical Engineering Electronics Engineering
Developing electronic products Electronic component development along with software.
Manufacturing and installation are the prime activities Here, it is testing and maintenance.
If there is any complaint from the client, it is managed and solutions are offered. Improvement of technical performance is focused on. 


Then why electrical and electronics engineering come together?

Every circuit developed is a combination of both these branches. So, in order to know the programming of the circuit one has to also learn its programming. This will let the student understand the machine function. 

Top Colleges:

Some of the top colleges and Institutions who provide this course are given below:

Eligibility Criteria:

Candidates need to check their eligibility criteria before applying for any degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering. Candidates have to at least complete their 10 +2 with a minimum mark of 50% in aggregate. Check the full eligibility in the table below:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
Diploma in Electrical and Electronics Engineering 2 - 3 years
  • The candidate should have completed 10th with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate
  • The candidate should have class 12th with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate and Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as main subjects
Private Entrances
B. Tech in Electrical and Electronics Engineering 4 years
  • The candidate should have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate
  • Mathematics, Chemistry, and Physics should be the main subjects in +2
M.Tech in Electrical and Electronics Engineering 2 years
  • Should have a B.E or B.Tech degree from a recognized university
  • The candidate should secure a minimum of 50% marks in the UG


For Diploma in Electrical and Electronics Engineering:

Semester I Semester II
Applied Science Applied Mathematics II
Applied Mathematics I English Communication
Mechanical Engineering Sciences Electrical Circuits
Elements of Electrical Engineering Electronics I
Applied Science lab Computer-Aided Engineering Drawing
Basic Computer Skills Lab Electrical Circuit Laboratory
Electrical Wiring Lab Electronics Lab I


Semester III Semester IV
Electrical Machines I Electrical Machines II
Communication and Computer networks Electrical Power Generation
Electrical & Electronics Measurements Transmission and Distribution
Electronics II Power Electronics
Electrical measurements Lab Electrical Machines Lab
Electronics Lab II Power Electronics Lab
Computer-Aided Electrical Drawing C-Programming Lab


Semester V Semester VI
Estimation & specification Industrial drives & control
Switchgear & protection Utilization of electrical energy & management
Embedded system( elective) Basic management skills and Indian constitution
Electrical workshop Electric motor control lab
Embedded system lab PLC & HDL lab
Electrical installation design lab Project Work Phase II
CASP Industrial visit
Project work Phase I -

For B.Tech in Electrical and Electronics Engineering:

Semester I Semester II
Mathematics I Mathematics II
Physics I Physics II
Chemistry Computer Programming
Engineering Graphics Engineering Mechanics
Engineering Materials Electronics & Instrumentation
Workshop Practice I Workshop Practice II
Chemistry Practical Computer Programming Practical
Physics Practical I Electronics & Instrumentation Practical


Semester III Semester IV
Thermal & Hydraulic Machines Microprocessors
Industrial Psychology / Industrial Sociology Science-Based Open Elective / Mathematics III
Basic System Analysis Network Analysis and Synthesis
Electrical Measurements & Measuring Instruments Electrical& Electronics Engineering Materials
Analogue & Digital Electronics Electromechanical Energy Conversion I
Human Values & Professional Ethics  


Semester V Semester VI
Engineering & Managerial Economics Industrial Management
Fundamentals of E.M. Theory Elective I
Electromechanical Energy Conversion II Elective II
Control Systems Power System Analysis
Elements of Power System Power Electronics
Analogue Integrated Electronics Analogue & Digital Communication


Semester VII Semester VIII
Open Elective I Open Elective II
Departmental Elective III Departmental Elective IV
Electrical Instrumentation & Process Control Human Values & Professional Ethics
Switch Gear & Protection Project 2
Project 1 -

For M.Tech in Electrical and Electronics Engineering:

Subjects of Study
Probing at the Nan scale Data Networks
Digital Communications Network QoS and Control
Energy Efficient Electronics Technologies RF and Microwave
Advanced Power Electronics and Drives Signal Analysis and Modelling
Modern Control Systems Digital Signal Processing for Communications
Wide Band-Gap Electronics Lasers
Power Generation Systems Research Project

Admission Process:

For Diploma:

  • To take admission into the Diploma Course students need to pass the 10th class with a minimum of 50% in aggregate
  • Some Institutions take the students directly by taking their 10th mark list. 
  • Some Institutions take the students by the State level Entrance Exam. 

For B.Tech:

  • Candidates should clear the eligibility criteria
  • Most of the colleges offer admission based on scores of entrance exams such as JEE Main, OJEE, etc.
  • Some colleges provide admission directly based on the marks secured in the 10th and 12th.

For M.Tech:

  • Candidate should be eligible for the degree
  • Institutions provide admission through valid scores of GATE
  • Some colleges also offer admission on the basis of marks secured in the undergraduate degree (B.Tech)

Skills Required:

  • Critical Thinking and complex problem-solving ability.
  • Circuit Design and analysis.
  • Instrumentation and Electrical Measurements.
  • Active Learning and online electrical engineering degree.
  • Working with op-amps.
  • Knowledge of analog filters.
  • Knowledge of how to design digital filters.

Top Entrances:

1. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have passed 10 and +2 with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Technical Vocation subjects
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

2. JEE Advanced

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates qualifying the JEE Main are eligible
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

3. OJEE 2020 (Odisha Joint Entrance Examination) 

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have passed the class 12th examination from the Odisha board or any other recognized board
  • Exam Duration: 3 hours
  • Exam Mode: Offline

4. WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: candidate must have passed class 12 with Physics and Mathematics along with any one of Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Computer Science/Computer Application as compulsory subjects
  • Exam Duration: 4 hours
  • Exam Mode: Offline

6. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates should have a Bachelor degree (4 years after 10+2) in Engineering/Technology
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

Career and Job Prospects:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Electrical and Electronics Engineer 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Software Engineer 3 - 5 Lakh Rupees
Telecom Electrical Engineer 3 - 5 Lakh Rupees
Network Engineer 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Research Engineer 3 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Maintenance Technician 2 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Manufacturing Systems Engineer 3 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Teacher/Professor 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees

Employment Areas:

  • Electronics and Communication department
  • IT industry
  • Telecommunication industry
  • Equipment manufacturing companies
  • Universities & colleges
  • Broadcasting Companies
  • Electrical Companies

Top Recruiters:

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) 
  • Indian Railways
  • State Electricity Boards
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
  • Godrej Electrical and Electronics
  • Tata Steel & Power Limited
  • Tata motors
  • Schneider Electric
  • Havells India Ltd.
  • Bajaj Electrical Ltd.
  • Voltech Engineering
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • Capgemini

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • New Delhi
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Noida
  • Jamshedpur
  • Chennai
  • Pune


Q: What is Electrical and Electronics Engineering?
: Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE) is the study of methods in which Electrical Energy is generated and transmitted in those systems which use power to operate. Electrical and Electronics Engineers design electronic circuits, computer systems, control systems (such as aircraft autopilots), among many other things.

Q: What is the scope of Electrical and Electronics Engineering?
Nowadays, everything works on electronic equipment. The scope of EEE is huge. Electrical & Electronics Engineers can work in a wide range of fields such as power generation, electronics, computers & control systems, telecommunication, and Bio-Medical.

Q: What is the average salary of an Electrical and Electronics Engineer?
The average salary ranges from 4- 6 lakh rupees per annum.

Q: Who are the top recruiters for an Electrical and Electronics Engineer?
The top recruiting companies are:

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) 
  • Indian Railways
  • State Electricity Boards
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
  • Godrej Electrical and Electronics
  • Tata Steel & Power Limited


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