Anesthesiology: Courses and Careers

By Sarada Rath

Anesthesiology is the branch of medicine that specializes in administrating doses that minimizes pain and keeps the patient in a stable condition both during and after surgical procedures. Anesthesiologists are the physicians who specialize in perioperative care, developing anesthetic plans and help ensure the safety of patients during surgery. They also provide care for the patient to prevent the pain and distress they would experience. This field has undergone a lot of development over the last 30 years. In the US the physicians who perform anesthesia are called anesthesiologists, whereas in the UK they are called anesthetists. There are 3 kinds of anesthesia:

  • Regional anesthesia: It only makes that individual part of the body unconscious that will undergo an operation.
  • Local anesthesia: It is similar to regional anesthesia but it is only applied to a smaller area.
  • General anesthesia: It makes the whole body unconscious.


What you will focus on? 

  • Utilizing drugs that minimize the pain of the patient during surgery
  • Checking patients before the surgery to determine appropriate doses
  • Dos and Don'ts of the Operation Theatre
  • Ensuring the patient's safety
  • The curriculum of a Hospital


Course Name Anesthesiology
Course Level MD (Doctor of Medicine) in Anesthesiology
Duration 2 - 3 years
Examination Type Semester Type
Eligibility Must have completed MBBS with a minimum of 50% aggregate mark
Top Recruiters Colleges and universities, private clinics, hospitals, healthcare centers, etc.
Top Career/Job Profiles Anesthesiologist, Certified Registered Nurse Anaesthetists, Anesthesia Technician, Medical Consultant, Anaesthetist/Paediatrician, etc.

Top Colleges:

Candidates can pursue MD in Anesthesiology at many top institutes of India. A few of those institute names are mentioned below:

Eligibility Criteria:

To get admission into MD in Anesthesiology candidates need to be eligible and apply to the respective college. Some colleges provide admission through common entrance scores such as NEET PG. 

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
MD in Anesthesiology 2 - 3 years
  • The candidate should have an MBBS degree from a recognized university
  • The student must have scored a minimum of 50% in aggregate


The following tables describe the subjects taught in 3 years of MD in Anesthesiology.

Year I:

Anatomy (including Diaphragm, Regional Anaesthesia, Intramuscular Injections) Physics (Breathing Systems, Fluidics, Oxygen Therapy, Electricity & Diathermy)
Theories of Anaesthesia Respiratory Systems
Cardiovascular Systems Renal & Endocrine Systems
General Principals of Pharmacodynamics & Pharmacokinetics Drug Interactions in Anaesthesiology
Biochemistry Introduction to Operation Theatre
Introduction to Acute & Chronic Pain and Pain Management Resuscitation (BLS & ALS)
Introduction to Research Methodologies Intensive Care and Management

Year II:

Introduction to Anaesthesia Monitors, Equipment, Ventilators, and Vaporizers Pacemaker and Defibrillator
Computers in Anaesthesia Pharmacology of Drugs
Interpretation of Biochemical Values Blood Components and Coagulation Mechanism
Anesthesia in Different Situations Associated Medical Disorders During Surgery
Geriatric/Paediatric Anaesthesia Third World Anaesthesia
Postures and Anaesthesia Anesthesia in ENT, Emergency, Opthalmology, Obstetrics, etc.

Year III:

Principals of Anaesthetic Management Anesthesia for Critical Ill Patients
Multiple Organ Failure Immune Response and Anaesthesia
Concepts of Cytokines & Other Enzymes Chronic Pain Therapy
Acupuncture, Acupressure, Other Non-Conventional Treating Methods Principles of Ventilation, Critical Care and Neonatal Resuscitation
Principles of Medical Audit (Critical Incident Reporting) Ethics and Clinical Trial

Admission Process:

To get admission into MD in Anesthesiology, the candidate has to complete the MBBS degree and apply to their respective college they want to study. generally, colleges provide admission into MD (Doctor of Medicine) degree through scores based on entrance exams such as NEET PG. But, there are some colleges such as JIPMER and AIIMS conduct their own entrance exams and provide admission on the basis of that score only. Also, there are few colleges that provide admission through a merit basis or on the basis of marks secured by the candidate in the MBBS degree.

Skills Required:

Skills are very important to become a professional in your field. Some necessary skills for an Anesthesiology candidate are as follows: 

  • Medical Knowledge and Patient care skills.
  • Collaboration.
  • Communication and interpersonal skills
  • Physical Characteristic
  • Decision-making skills
  • Integration Skills

Global Average salary 


Growth rate of the job 


Average salary in India 

10 - 12 Lakh Rupees per Annum

Top Entrances

NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Post Graduate)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree that should be recognized by the Medical Council of India.
  • Exam Date: 5th January 2021

AIIMS PG (All India Institute of Medical Sciences Post Graduate Entrance Exam)

  • Minimum Qualification: The candidate needs to have an MBBS degree from any university recognized by the Medical Council of India or State Medical Councils.
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

JIPMER PG (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree that should be recognized by the Medical Council of India.
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

PGIMER (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS from a University recognized by the Medical Council of India
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

Career and Job prospects:

After completing MD in Anesthesiology, students generally work in Hospitals and Health care Facilities. They work as Anesthesiologists or they can be medical consultants of private clinics. There are various job roles an MD in Anesthesiologist can do. A few of them are mentioned below:

Job Profile and Average Salary:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Anesthesiologist 10 - 12 lakh Rupees
Certified Registered Nurse Anaesthetists 6 - 7 lakh Rupees
Anesthesia Technician 1.5 - 2.5 lakh Rupees
Medical Consultant 2 - 3 lakh Rupees
Clinical Associate 2 - 3 lakh Rupees
Anesthetist (Paediatrician) 6 - 7 lakh Rupees

Employment Areas:

  • Hospitals
  • Healthcare Facilities
  • Medical Clinics
  • College/University

Top Recruiters:

  • AIIMS Hospitals
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pudducherry
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
  • Apollo Hospitals
  •  Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Lilavati Hospital And Research Centre, Mumbai
  • Manipal Hospitals
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital & Medical Research Institute, Mumbai
  • Care Hospitals

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • Mumbai
  • Bengaluru
  • New Delhi
  • Kolkata
  • Chennai
  • Hyderabad
  • Chandigarh


Q:  Is Anesthesiologist a doctor?
Yes, an Anesthesiologist is a doctor (MD or DO) who practices anesthesia. Anesthesiologists are physicians specializing in perioperative care, developing anesthetic plans, and the administration of anesthetics.

Q: Q: What is the eligibility for MD in Anesthesiology?
The candidate should have an MBBS degree from a recognized university with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate.

Q: What is the average salary of an Anesthesiologist?
The average salary of an Anesthesiologist is 10- 12 lakh rupees per annum.


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