Law is a challenging career which basically deals with system of rules and regulations. But when considered as a profession, it encompasses various fields. Though students of law go for litigation traditionally, but that does not happen to be the only option available. There are a lot more to do being a law student as the career options. Be it teaching in colleges, working with NGOs or working as reporter for newspapers and television channels, there are some of the other options that one can opt for after successful completion of LLB course. Some of which are enlisted below –
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For a law graduate, litigation happens to be one of the traditional career paths. Graduates who have successfully cleared the exam conducted by Bar Council of India end up becoming lawyers. It is an exam that is conducted twice a year and is open-book in nature. It is generally based upon analytical skills and basic knowledge of law. However, according to new rules, in order to appear in front of law courts in India, it is mandatory to clear the All India Bar Exam (AIBE). In order to improve their quality in this profession, lawyers are always encouraged for internships and moot courts. Moot courts are nothing but mock courts where students argue and express their judgements like they would in real courts, fighting for or against imaginary cases as an extracurricular activity. Moot courts and internships shape the minds of the young lawyers and train them about legal proceedings of the cases, cross examination, legal drafting, oral arguments etc.
2. Corporate Counsel
The graduates may work with a company or corporate entity as an in-house legal counsel to advise on legal matters related to the business. The in-house counsel plays a great role in drafting, vetting and negotiating contracts while ensuring and monitoring compliance with rules and laws and handling legal disputes as well. In public spheres, counsels are required in government agencies, Public sector undertakings, public and Nationalised banks etc. They are most often recruited through written competitive exams followed by personal interview. For graduates willing to pursue their career in private spheres, they can join multi-national corporations, private companies, private banks etc.
3. Law firms
In the last few years, a trend has emerged which focusses on a shift from solo practice to well organised law firms. Law firms comprise of several lawyers who work together as an entity. It basically studies the interaction between the shareholders, director, employees, creditors, community and the environment and alongside, advise clients about their legal rights, recourses and other legal matters as well. Usually, partners who share their profits and liabilities engage lawyers to with them as associates. Major law firms extensively have two departments, namely, Corporate Department and Litigation Department. Corporate department to deal with the matters of the companies and Litigation department to deal with the matters of firms in which clients are involved. Some legal positions in law firms include –
4. Case Manager
5. Jury Consultant
6. Legal Analyst
7. Legal Assistant
8. Legal Services Director
9. Law Firm Administrator
Some of the widely known law firms in India are AZB & partners, J Sagar Associates, Khaitan and Company, Luthra & Luthra Law offices and Trilegal.
4. Social Work
There have been a number of law school graduates, who are passionate about socio-legal issues and hence join Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Based on environmental protection, gender concerns, caste discrimination, employment, working conditions, marginalization of various parts of the society etc, an individual may opt to work with NGOs or Civil Society Organizations. Not only that, some law school graduates are also offered great opportunities to work with international organizations like the United Nations and with International tribunals such as International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court etc.
Government services – A career in Civil Services provides the young law graduates with great power and responsibility to promote social welfare and serve the nation. The Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) in India conducts the examinations for appointments into the services of the union. The UPSC conducts All India Service examination which consists of Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ of central services. After graduation, this is a great choice for career. Group ‘A’ include services like
1. Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
2. Indian Foreign Service (IAS)
3. Indian Police Service (IPS)
4. Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
5. Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS)
6. Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
7. Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
8. Indian Revenue Service (CBEC) (IRS-Customs)
9. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
10. Indian Postal Service
11. Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
12. Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
13. Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
14. Indian Railway Personnel Service
15. Indian Railway Protection Force (Assistant Security Commissioner)
16. Indian Defence Estates Service
17. Indian Information Service (IIS)
18. Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
19. Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
Group ‘B’ services include:
1. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
2. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
3. Pondicherry Civil Service
4. Pondicherry Police Service
5. Delhi Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
When we talk of the most respected jobs of any country, judiciary stands tall and strong. Judges make decisions in criminal and civil matters. It is the guardian of fundamental rights and ensures constitutional provisions. Because of their contribution for the country, they are most respected and are highly positioned. Students who see themselves as a Judge in the future must qualify Judicial Service Examination conducted by Public Service Commission annually in order to fulfil their dreams. Along with that, one must have enrolled themselves as an advocate with the membership in the State Bar Council of India and the age to apply can vary from state to state. Once qualified, they are appointed as Judicial Magistrates. The State Judicial Services Examination organized by the High Court is a safe and sound option for students aspiring for a stable government career.
6. Legal Process Outsourcing
(also known as LPOs). For legal tasks in countries like UK, US, Singapore etc, lawyers charge a lot of money and in order to cut their costs and get work done inexpensively they outsource their work to India. This LPO is a new trend and is expected to generate employment in greater numbers for lawyers in the coming years as it is the delegation of core legal functions like making first drafts of cases, compliance work, legal research and likewise. The tasks assigned are completed based on set parameters and fixed timelines. While forging this career you can become an important part of reputed MNCs.
7. JAG branch
JAG is an acronym for Judge Advocate General. It is a branch of the Indian Army consisting of legally qualified military officers. The head of this branch of army is the Judge Advocate General and is the Judicial Chief of the Army. The officers of this branch assist the Army with Court martials and military law. This career in the Indian army is one of the pride services for the entire nation and for law students Army JAG recruitment is conducted twice in a year. There are usually 10 number of vacancies for men and 04 for women. The age limit for JAG post is set between 21 to 27.
8. Indian Air Force
Law students are trained to handle difficulties and facing the challenges in the branches of Air Force, namely, Ground Duty Branch, Flying Branch and Technical Branch. The law students are exclusively eligible for Ground Duty Branch where they get to handle the following branches:
1. Administrative Branch including Air Traffic Control and Flight control.
2. Logistic Branch – Responsibly manage the I.A.F. resources.
3. Education Branch – To perform the duty of study and educational requirements of the Air Force employees.
9. Journalism and broadcasting
Some of the very good traits that are trained to law students include, drafting the basic documents and pleading in the perfect manner. The students of Law are trained for the value of language and students who have fluency and command over the communication skills find safe positions in journalism and broadcasting. Jobs available for law students in journalism as legal correspondents or news anchor. Some National newspapers have specific journalists appointed to report high legal cases and make the views on legal articles. Both journalism and law are interconnected as they require superior research and writing skills along with critical knowledge of the government and the legal systems. Legal proceedings in court, arbitration events, criminal matters etc, which are disseminated to the public are what is covered in Legal journalism. One can also take up career as law reporter in TV channels and newspapers. A new path for lawyers has opened up in this field for lawyers ranging from high profile cases to issues related to social well beings and human rights.
10. Legal Content writer
Law firms have always widely accepted content writers. They need more legal content writers to highlight the management and marketing of the firms through their writing skills. Legal content writers most often than not, receive pay checks ranging from INR 50,000 to INR 1 Lakh. If any law student is good at research, then there’s no stopping. In order to secure the knowledge and to share the views on the internet with other connected lawyers and people, legal blog writing is the more gaining method. For law students with a knack for writing can get an opportunity to work as editors for various types of print and electronic media. A experience and skill can take anybody a long way in this field.
Read also : What are the career opportunities after pursuing LLM?