What is Electrical and Communications Engineering (ECE) Course?

By Sanjeet Nayak

Electrical Communication Engineering is a branch of engineering involving the study of Mathematical application & Scientific principles used in electronic systems. It is a combination of Communication and Electronics Engineering that focuses on developing, designing, and testing different types of electronics equipment.

The Electrical Communication Engineering program is designed to teach students about microprocessors, both digital and analog transmissions, different types of electronic tools or equipment, microwaves, satellite communication, etc. After the completion of the course, students can take advantage of numerous lucrative career opportunities provided in this field. Read the article to know its broad details.

What the course focuses on?

  • Tools and techniques involved in developing electronic devices.
  • Designing different types of electronic systems.
  • Microwaves and their application.
  • Details about satellite communication.
  • Different types of broadcasting systems and their maintenance.


Course Name  Electrical and Communications Engineering
Course Level
  • Diploma in Electrical and Communications Engineering
  • B.Tech in Electrical and Communications Engineering
  • M.Tech Electrical and Communications Engineering
  • Diploma in Electrical and Communications Engineering: 3 years
  • B.Tech in Electrical and Communications Engineering: 4 years
  • M.Tech Electrical and Communications Engineering: 2 years
Examination Type Yearly/ Semester
Eligibility Varies with degree
Admission Process Merit and Entrance based admission 
Top Recruiter

BEL, DMRC, Siemens, Texas Instruments, Intel, Nvidia, Philips Electronics, Motorola, Samsung, Conexant and Flextronics, DRDO, ISRO, Infosys, TCS, Wipro, Accenture, HCL Technologies, Tech Mahindra, etc

Top Career Scopes Electronics Engineer, Field Test Engineer, Network Planning Engineer, Electronics and Communications Consultant, Customer Support Engineer, Electronics Technician, Associate Firstline Technician, Research and Development Software Engineer, Service Engineer, Technical Director, etc

Top Colleges:


Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
Diploma in Electrical and Communications Engineering 3 years
  • Students should have completed their 10th from a recognised board with Science, Math, and English as the core subjects, including ITI.
  • The minimum marks should be 50% or more in 10th
  • Students should have completed their 10+2 from a recognised board.
  • Students who are applying after 10+2 need to have a minimum mark of 45% or above (40% for reserved category)
State or University level entrance exam
B.Tech in Electrical and Communications Engineering 4 years
  • Students should have completed their 10+2 from a recognised board.
  • The main subjects in 10+2 must include Physics and Mathematics.
  • The minimum marks should be 50% or more in Physics and Mathematics.
M.Tech Electrical and Communications Engineering 2 years
  • Candidates should have completed their B.E/B.Tech from recognised board.
  • The minimum marks should be 50% or more
GATE, JEE-Advanced, JEE-Main, BITSAT, CET, etc

Skills required:

  • Critical thinking and complex problem-solving ability
  •  Should be an expert in instrumentation and electrical measurement.
  • Interpersonal communication & Organizational skills.
  • Knowledge of how to design digital filters.
  • Strength in Mathematics and Physics.
  • Leadership ability
  • Technical knowledge & IT skills.
  • Must have patient and management skills.


Diploma in Electrical and Communications Engineering:

Year I Year II Year III
Professional Communication Applied Mathematics II 50 -52 Industrial Management and Entrepreneurship Development
Applied Mathematics III Electrical Engineering II 53 -56 Environmental Education & Disaster Management
Applied Physics Industrial Electronics & 57 -60 Transducers. Communication System
Applied Chemistry Network Filters & Transmission Lines Electronic Instruments And Measurement
Applied Mechanics Electronic Devices and Circuits Construction Management, Accounts & Entrepreneurship Development
Engineering Mechanics & Materials Principles of Communication Engineering Audio and Video System
Electrical Engineering I Principles of Digital Electronics Television Engineering
Electronic Components and Devices Electronics Workshop Microprocessor and Application
Technical Drawing Programming in C & C++ Project -I. Problem
Elementary Workshop Practice  
Computer Application for Engineering

Electives (Any One) 

Modern Communication System Microelectronics Electronic Equipment Testing
Advance Microprocessor & Interface Microwave & Radar Engineering Modern Consumer Electronics Appliances
Bio-Medical Electronics

B.Tech in Electrical and Communications Engineering:

Semester I Semester II Semester III Semester IV
Communicative English Vector calculus and ordinary Differential Equations Humanities Elective Humanities Elective II
Calculus and matrix algebra Chemistry/Physics Value program Values program II
Computational Thinking and Problem solving Computer Programming Linear Algebra Probability and Random Process
Physics/Chemistry Solid-state device Network theory Electronic Circuits
Physics/Chemistry lab Fundamentals of Electrical technology Electromagnetic Theory Digital Signal Processing
Workshop A/ Workshop B Chemistry lab/physics lab Digital System Transmission lines and Waveguides
Engg. Drawing- CAD Workshop B/ Workshop A Signals and system Digital Signal Processing lab
Cultural Education I Computer Programming lab Digital systems lab Electronic Circuits Lab I
Cultural education II Signals and System labs Soft Skills I
Semester V     Semester VI Semester VII Semester VIII
Optimization Techniques Digital Communication Environmental studies Elective IV
Linear Integrated Circuit Data communication and networks Radiofrequency engineering Elective V
Control Engineering Computer organization and architecture Information theory and coding theory Project phase 2
Communication theory VLSI Design Elective II  
Microprocessor and Microcontroller Elective 1 Elective III
Circuits and communication lab VLSI Design lab Microwave engineering lab
Microcontroller lab Digital Communication lab Project Phase I
Soft Skills II Open lab Live In lab II
Live-In- Lab Soft Skills III


Radar & TV Engineering Cryptography & Network Security Soft Computing Methods Optical Networks
Antenna Remote Sensing Mathematical Tools for Electronics Digital Signal Processing Architecture
Device Modelling & Simulation Detection and Estimation Theory Mine Electronics & Instrumentation Operating Systems
Information Theory & Coding Digital Image Processing VLSI Design           Filter Design & Synthesis
Satellite Communication EMI/EMC Opto-electronic Devices Optical Instrumentation & Measurement        
Optical Network Security Digital System Design Fibre Optic Sensors Biomedical Instrumentation
Advanced Signal Processing Data-Based Management Systems  

M.Tech Electrical and Communications Engineering:

Semester I Semester II Semester III Semester IV
Modern Digital Communication Techniques Microwave and Antenna Engineering Open Electives (only one) Thesis II
Information Theory, Coding, and Cryptography Wireless Communication Project Management Seminar
Telecommunication Switching and Networks Statistical Signal Processing Project Costing Comprehensive Viva-Voce II
Electives I (only one) Electives III (only one) Technology Management
Adaptive Signal Processing Radar System Engineering Research Methodology
Satellite Communication System Digital Image Processing Optimization Techniques
Digital Integrated Circuit Design Biomedical Instrumentation and Signal Processing
Mathematics for Communication Engineering Optical Communication
Electives II (only one) Wireless Sensor Network
Fibre-Optics Components and Devices RF and Mixed-Signal Integrated Circuit Design
Computational Intelligence Industrial Telematics
Analogue Integrated Circuit Design Electives III (only one)
Semiconductor Device Modelling and Simulation Lab I Embedded System Design
Communication System Engineering Lab Mobile Computing
Seminar I-on Pre-thesis Work I ASIC and SoC Design
Internet and Web Technology
Electives IV (only one)
Design and Simulation Lab
Seminar on Pre-thesis work II
Comprehensive Viva-Voce I

Admission Process: 

The admission process for a degree in Electrical and Communications Engineering may differ from one college to another. Therefore applicants should check the eligibility and admission criteria of a particular college before applying. There are some colleges that have a merit-based selection process where students are selected on the basis of the aggregate marks secured in the last academic session. However, the top institutes offer admission on the basis of the marks secured in the entrance exams (National/State/University level). Moreover, some institutes even conduct a personal interview round followed by the counselling rounds.

Top Entrances:

1. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

  • Extended Closing Dates for Online Application (with late fee): 7 October 2020 
  • GATE 2021 Exam Dates: 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14 February 2021
  • GATE 2020 Results: 22 March  2021

2. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination-main)

  • Exam Duration: 3 hours
  • Application Mode: Online 
  • Exam Mode: Online and Offline
  • Exam Frequency: Twice a year

3. JEE Advanced

  • Application Form: 12 September 2020
  • Last date of the application form: 17 September 2020
  • JEE Advance 2020 Exam Date: 27 September 2020

4. BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission)

  • Exam date: 16th - 18th and 21st - 23rd Septemeber, 2020
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Mode of Exam: Online

5. SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)

  • Exam: Cancelled

6. IPU (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University) CET

  • Exam Level: National
  • Mode of Exam: Offline (pen and paper-based)
  • Question Type: Multiple Choice 

Career Scope:

Career/Job Profiles Average Salary per Annum
Electrical Engineer   Rs 2.5 lakhs to Rs 3.5 lakhs
Aerospace engineer Rs 3.5 to Rs 6 lakhs
Systems analyst Rs 3 lakhs to Rs 6 lakhs
Instrumentation Engineer Rs 3 lakhs to Rs 5.5 lakhs
Acoustic consultant Rs 4 lakhs to Rs 6.5 lakhs
Research and Development Software Engineer Rs 3 lakhs Rs 7 lakhs
Network Planning Engineer Rs 4 lakhs to Rs 6 lakhs
Technical Director Rs 4 lakhs to Rs 7 lakhs

Top Recruiters:

Company Name Company Name
BEL Samsung
DMRC Conexant and Flextronics
Siemens DRDO
Texas Instruments ISRO
Intel Infosys
Nvidia TCS
Philips Electronics Wipro
Motorola Accenture
HCL Technologies Tech Mahindra

Top Recruiting Cities:

  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Noida
  • Pune
  • New Delhi


Q: What is Electrical and Communications Engineering?
A:  Electrical and communication are the disciplines under electrical engineering. It deals with the study of mathematical application & scientific principles to design and combine electrical and electronics systems. The development and communication technology are also a part of it.

Q: What are the career prospects available after Electrical and Communications Engineering?
A: The top career prospects are mentioned below:

  • Electrical Engineer  
  • Aerospace engineer
  • Systems analyst
  • Instrumentation Engineer
  • Acoustic consultant
  • Research and Development Software Engineer
  • Network Planning Engineer
  • Technical Director

Q: What are the top entrances to consider for Electrical and Communications Engineering?
A: Some of the top entrances to consider are as follows:

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field?
A: Some of the top recruiters in this field are:

  • BEL
  • DMRC
  • Siemens
  • Texas Instruments
  • Intel
  • Nvidia
  • Philips Electronics



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