Cardiology Career Prospects, Top Colleges, Recruiters, Syllabus

Cardiology is a medical specialty and a branch of internal medicine concerned with disorders of the heart. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions as congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure, and valvular heart disease. Subspecialties of the cardiology field include cardiac electrophysiology, echocardiography, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology. A cardiologist is a physician who is specialized in this field of medicine.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) performed the first successful heart transplant in India in the year 1994 with a team of well-qualified doctors. Apollo heart hospital is one of the renowned hospitals in India for treating heart disorders and conducting transplantation as well as surgery.

Cardiology is a specialty medical branch that deals with heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure, and valvular heart disease. 


Course Level
3 years
Course Fee
 INR 20,000 - 2,00,000
Average Salary
INR 2,00,00 - 18,00,000

Courses & Eligibility

Post-Graduate3 yearsCandidates those who have M.D/D.N.B. in General Medicine or  M.D/D.N.B. in Pediatrics or M.D/D.N.B. in Respiratory Medicine are eligible for this course.AIIMS PG, NEET PG

Top Recruiters

  • KIMS Hospitals
  • Max Cure Hospitals
  • OLIVA Clinic
  • Femiint Health
  • PACE Hospitals
  • Soujanya Diagnostics
  • Bloom Hospitals

Admission Process

Admission in cardiology in most of the colleges is done on the basis of performance in NEET PG. However, some institutes carry out their own entrance exams followed by personal interviews and counseling in some cases.


The important subjects under cardiology are:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Congenital heart disease and other pediatric cardiac disorders
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary thromboembolism and pulmonary hypertension
  • Heart muscle diseases
  • Geriatric heart disease
  • Epidemiology and preventive cardiology
  • Pregnancy and heart disease
  • Electrocardiography
  • Invasive Cardiology
  • Electrophysiology

Skills Required

  • Patience and politeness
  • Ability to build a harmonious relationship with their patients
  • Strong Ethics
  • Service mentality
  • Self-motivating
  • Understanding the situations
  • Good with kids
  • Good communication skills
  • Keen observation and playful nature

Top Entrances

Careers & Job Prospects

Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Salary Per annum
CardiologistA Cardiologist is responsible for caring for patients with diseases or deformities of the heart or vascular system. They also specialize in diagnosing, preventing, and treating diseases in the cardiovascular system that includes heart and blood vessels. They also diagnose and treat injuries of the heart and vascular system.
15 - 20 lakhs
Assistant Cardiology Supervisor
They supervise daily operations within the cardiology department. Monitor the work of staff members and ensures the quality of tests, procedures, and other aspects of patient care. Typically reports to a manager or head of a unit/department.
2 - 3 lakhs
Cardiology Surgeon
Cardiology surgeons deal with diseases of the chest. Typically, that's heart disease for patients who are having heart attacks and chest pains, and coronary artery disease for patients who are experiencing abnormalities of the arteries, valves and blood vessels feeding the heart.
25 - 30 lakhs
Electrocardiography Technician
Electrocardiograph (EKG) Technicians are medical practitioners who administer tests to determine the cardiovascular health of patients. Their primary duties include performing diagnostic tests on patients, monitoring patient blood pressure and collecting medical data for use by doctors.
3 - 5 lakhs
Nuclear Cardiologist
A nuclear cardiologist uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and treat patients' heart problems non-invasively. The nuclear cardiologist then studies the resulting images, looking for anomalies in blood vessels or the heart muscle, and develops an appropriate treatment plan.
2 - 3 lakhs


Question:  Do cardiologists do surgery?
  Cardiothoracic Surgeons generally perform surgery of the heart and chest. Cardiologists work with surgeons to manage patients and determine whether the patient needs surgery. They might also work together to treat irregular heartbeat problems.

Question:  What is a cardiology test?
  An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heartbeat by measuring the amount of electrical activity passing through the heart muscle, a cardiologist may be able to find out if parts of the heart are too large or are overworked.

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