JEE Main Maths syllabus

By Soumyaranjan Sahoo

There are around 16 units covered in the JEE Main 2020 maths syllabus. Similar to the last year, the syllabus and the exam pattern remain unchanged. JEE Main maths syllabus will also help the students in formulating their strategy in an organized manner. Each and every concept included in JEE Main syllabus for maths is important and the questions could be expected from anywhere. National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the syllabus of JEE Main 2020. The syllabus has not been changed and is the same as the one that was followed before understanding JEE Main maths syllabus will help the engineering aspirants to develop a clear understanding of what concepts are to prepared or avoided for better results in JEE Main. For mathematics, the students need to have a rigorous practice. The more mad more problems you will practice, the better will be your accuracy and speed. 

The detailed list of all the concepts included in JEE Mains Maths Syllabus is mentioned below. The students can refer to JEE Main syllabus for maths and accordingly plan an effective preparation strategy.



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JEE Main Maths Syllabus

Unit 1 Sets, Relations, and Functions

1. Sets and their representation.

2. Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties.

3. Powerset.

4. Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations.

5. Functions; one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.


Unit 2 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

1. Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals.

2. Representation of complex numbers in the form (a+ib) and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram.

3. Algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number.

4. Triangle inequality.

5. Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.

6. The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.


Unit 3 Matrices and Determinants

1. Matrices: Algebra of matrices, types of matrices, and matrices of order two and three.

2. Determinants: Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, the area of triangles using determinants.

3. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations.

4. Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.


Unit 4 Permutations and Combinations

1. The fundamental principle of counting.

2. Permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection.

3. The meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r). Simple applications.


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Unit 5 Mathematical Induction

The principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.


Unit 6 Binomial Theorem

1. Binomial theorem for a positive integral index.

2. General term and middle term.

3. Properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.


Unit 7 Sequence and Series

1. Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic.

2. Geometric means between two given numbers.

3. The relation between A.M. and G.M.

4. Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3.

5. Arithmetic-Geometric progression.


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Unit 8 Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

1. Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.

2. Graphs of simple functions.

3. Limits, continuity, and differentiability.

4. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.

5. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.

6. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.

7. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima, and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals.


Unit 9 Integral Calculus

1. Integral as an antiderivative.

2. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.

3. Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions.

4. Integration using trigonometric identities.

5. Integral as limit of a sum.

6. Evaluation of simple integrals:

7. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.

8. Properties of definite integrals, evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.


Unit 10 Differential Equations

1. Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.

2. Formation of differential equations.

3. The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables.

4. The solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type.


Unit 11 Coordinate Geometry

1. Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus, and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

2. Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines.

3. Distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

4. Circles, conic sections: Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.

5. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.


Unit 12 3D Geometry

1. Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points.

2. Section formula, direction ratios, and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.

3. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.

4. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.


Unit 13 Vector Algebra

1. Scalars and Vectors. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of vectors.

2. Vector’s Components in 2D and 3D space.

3. Scalar products and vector products, triple product.


Unit 14 Statistics and Probability

1. Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, mode, median, variance, standard deviation, and mean deviation of ungrouped and grouped data.

2. Probability: Probability of events, multiplication theorems, addition theorems, Baye’s theorem, Bernoulli trials, Binomial distribution, and probability distribution.


Unit 15 Trigonometry

1. Identities of Trigonometry and Trigonometric Equations.

2. Functions of Trigonometry.

3. Properties of Inverse trigonometric functions.

4.Problems on Heights and Distances.


Unit 16 Mathematical Reasoning

1. Statements and logical operations: or, and, implied by, implies, only if and if.

2. Understanding of contradiction, tautology, contrapositive, and converse.

3. JEE Main maths syllabus comprises of all the topics included in class XI and class XII maths syllabus. The students are advised to prepare a list of all the important maths concepts in JEE main syllabus and practice rigorously to ensure a meritorious position in the exam.


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