Ceramic Engineering: The Art of Creation

By Sarada Rath

Ceramic Engineering is one of the most important branches of engineering which refers to the study of the designing, creation, and manufacturing of ceramic materials created from inorganic & non-metallic materials. The process of creating ceramics needs the help of the action of heat, or at lower temperatures using precipitation reactions from high purity chemical solutions. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline structure, with long-range order on the atomic scale. Ceramic materials are used in the gas burner nozzles, ballistic protection, nuclear fuel uranium oxide pellets, bio-medical implants, jet engine turbine blades, and missile nose cones. Ceramics are also used for manufacturing aircraft engines, airframes, Space shuttles tiles, etc. Earlier ceramics were used for creating smooth and colourful surfaces but now they are used for domestic, industrial, buildings, and art projects.

What you will focus on? 

  • Learning mathematical concept and the science to create materials
  • Designing, Creating, and Manufacturing of ceramic materials
  • Conducting research on ceramic materials
  • Testing the chemical, physical, and heat-resisting properties of materials
  • Testing the texture, durability, glazing, color, and refractory properties of finished materials


Course Name Ceramic Engineering
Course Level B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology) and M.Tech (Master of Technology)

B.Tech - 4 years

M.Tech - 2 years

Examination Type Semester Type

B.Tech: Must have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate

M.Tech: B.Tech or Equivalent degree in Engineering

Top Recruiters Research Institutes, Ceramic Manufacturing Companies, Arts and Design Companies, etc.
Top Career/Job Profiles Ceramic Engineer, Ceramic Technologist, Ceramic Designer, Technician, Professor, etc.

Top Colleges:

Eligibility Criteria:

Candidates need to check their eligibility criteria before applying for any degree in Ceramic Engineering. Candidates have to at least complete their 10 +2 with a minimum mark of 50% in aggregate. Check the full eligibility in the table below:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
B. Tech in Ceramic Engineering 4 years
  • The candidate should have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate
  • Mathematics, Chemistry, and Physics should be the main subjects in +2
M.Tech in Ceramic Engineering 2 years
  • Should have a B.E or B.Tech degree from a recognized university
  • The candidate should secure a minimum of 50% marks in the UG


For B.Tech in Ceramic Engineering:

It is a 4 year-long course.

Year I Year II
Professional Communication Materials Science
Environmental Studies Manufacturing Practices
Fundamentals of Mechanical Engineering Structure and Properties of Ceramic Materials
Engineering Mathematics – 1 Mathematical Methods
Engineering Mathematics – 2 Ceramic Raw Materials
Engineering Physics Ceramic Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformation
Engineering Chemistry Basic Ceramic Practices
Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer
Technical Communication Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria in Ceramic Systems
Fundamentals of Electronics Engineering Particle Mechanics and Fluid Flow Process
Engineering Drawing Humanities
Fundamentals of Computer Universal Human Values


Year III Year IV
Techniques for Materials Characterization Fuel, Furnace & Pyrometry
Process Calculations Steel Plant Refractories
Humanities / Language Ceramic Composites
Glass and Glass Ceramics Cement and Concrete
Ceramic Whitewares Ceramic Coating & High-Temperature Ceramic Processes
Advanced Ceramics Ceramic Coating & High-Temperature Ceramic Processes
Industrial Training – 1 Industrial Training – 2
Refractories Glass Technology & Application
Glass Engineering Industrial whitewares
Department Elective Advanced Electro-ceramics
Nano Technology Bio-Ceramics
- Project

For M.Tech in Ceramic Engineering:

It is for 2 years and a 4-semester duration.

Semester I Semester II
Structure & Properties of Engineering Ceramics Advances in Phase Diagrams
Principles of Ceramic Processing & Fabrication Nanomaterials
Professional Elective 1,2 ,3 Professional Elective 4, 5, 6
Instrumental Analysis Laboratory Electroceramics Laboratory
Characterization of Ceramic Products Laboratory Process Ceramics Laboratory
Seminar & Technical Writing I Seminar & Technical Writing II


Semester III Semester IV
Seminar & Technical Writing III Seminar & Technical Writing IV
Summer Research/Industrial Project Comprehensive Viva Voce
Research Project Work I Research Project Work II
Research Project Review I Research Project Review II
- Dissertation

List of Electives:

Shaped and Unshaped Refractories Advanced Electroceramics
Refractories for Metallurgical & Allied Processes High-Temperature Ceramic Processing
Advanced Structural Ceramics Science of Sol-Gel Processing
Non-Oxide Ceramics Magnetic Ceramics
Advances in Bio-ceramics Techniques of Materials Characterization
Energetic Ceramics in High Tech Applications
Advanced Glass and Glass Ceramics Special Topic in Ceramic Engineering I
Advanced Composites Special Topic in Ceramic Engineering II
Computer-Aided Designing and Modelling of Ceramic Systems Special Laboratory in Ceramic Engineering I
Friction and Wear of Materials Special Laboratory in Ceramic Engineering II

Admission Process:

For B.Tech in Ceramic Engineering:

  • Candidates should clear the eligibility criteria
  • Most of the colleges offer admission based on scores of entrance exams such as JEE Main, BITSAT, VITEEE.
  • Some colleges provide admission directly based on the marks secured in the 10th and 12th.

For M.Tech in Ceramic Engineering:

  • Candidate should be eligible for the degree
  • Institutions provide admission through valid scores of GATE, TANCET, and other such entrance exams
  • Some colleges also offer admission on the basis of marks secured in the undergraduate degree (B.Tech)

Skills Required:

  • A ceramic engineer should have good communication skills.
  • He/she must be a problem solver. He could recognize the nature of the problem and discover original, unusual, or creative ways to solve problems.
  • He should have strength in Math and Science, can solve a problem using the mathematical method or formula.
  • Manage the time of self and others, can motivate and direct people.
  • Teamwork is must needed, use several methods to learn or teach new things.

Global Average salary 


Growth rate of the job 


Average salary in India 

4 - 6 Lakh Rupees per Annum


Top Entrances:

1. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have passed 10 and +2 with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Technical Vocation subjects
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

2. JEE Advanced

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates qualifying the JEE Main are eligible
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

3. BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have passed 10 and +2 with Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry/Biology as their main subjects with a minimum of 75% mark in aggregate.
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

4. VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates should have scored 60% or more in 10th and 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/ Biology as main subjects.
  • Exam Duration: 2.5 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

5. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates should have a Bachelor degree (4 years after 10+2) in Engineering/Technology
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

6. TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates should have a Bachelor’s degree or its equivalent with at least a 50% mark in aggregate 
  • Exam Duration: 2 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Offline

Career and Job prospects:

After completing your degree in Ceramic Engineering, one can get job opportunities at various Ceramic Manufacturing Companies, Research centres, top universities, etc. Different types of job roles for this course are mentioned in the table below:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Ceramic Engineer 4 - 7 Lakh Rupees
Ceramic Technologist 5 - 9 Lakh Rupees
Ceramic Designer 3 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Technician 2 - 3 Lakh Rupees
Construction manager 5 - 9 Lakh Rupees
Production Worker 1.5 - 3 Lakh Rupees
Professor 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees

Employment Areas:

  • Research Institutes
  • Ceramic Manufacturing Companies
  • Arts and Design Companies
  • Construction Companies
  • Colleges and Universities
  • Private Ceramic Business

Top Recruiters:

  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Defense Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL)
  • Institute for Plasma Research (IPR)
  • Bhabha Atomic Research center (BARC)
  • Kajaria Ceramics Ltd.
  • Somany Ceramics Ltd
  • Asian Granito India Ltd.
  • Bajaj Tiles

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • Morbi
  • Gurugram
  • New Delhi
  • Noida
  • Ahmedabad
  • Bangalore
  • Mumbai


Q: What ceramic engineers do?
Ceramic Engineers usually develop new ceramic products as well as methods & equipment for processing ceramic materials. They also teach and do research in Universities and work with a wide variety of products, ranging from glassware & electronic components to nuclear reactors.

Q: What is the average salary of Ceramic Engineers?
The average salary of a Ceramic Engineer is 4 - 7 lakh rupees per annum

Q: What is the minimum eligibility required for B.Tech in Ceramic Engineering?
For B.Tech in Ceramic Engineering the candidate must have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate with PCM as its main subjects.


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