Clinical Pharmacology: A Course in Drug Therapeutic Practices

By Sanjeet Nayak

Clinical Pharmacology is the study of different therapeutic practices and humans as a whole. It is an interconnected course that focuses on diverse principles and methods of individualization of drug therapy and its application. With this course, the students can get a broad scope of knowledge in the field of drug usage, medication safety, drug research, drug information, and their intended side effects. Clinical Pharmacology covers related topics like pharmacogenetics, drug use in the liver and renal diseases, drug in special populations, drug interactions, adverse drug reactions, and therapeutic drug monitoring. 

What the course focuses on?

  • Knowledge of medical safety standards
  • Side effects of various drugs in humans
  • Monitoring different types of drugs
  • Different types of therapies for both genral and special population 
  • Skill in handling drug reactions

Clinical Pharmacology Books:

  • Roach's Introductory Clinical Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology for the Prehospital Professional
  • Study Guide to Accompany Roach's Introductory Clinical Pharmacology
  • Basic and Clinical Pharmacology 14th Edition
  • Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics for Veterinary Technicians
  • Introduction to Clinical Pharmacology
  • Bioequivalence and Statistics in Clinical Pharmacology
  • Oxford Textbook of Clinical Pharmacology and Drug Therapy

Clinical Pharmacology Pdf:


Course Name  Clinical Pharmacology
Course Level Postgraduate, Super Speciality Degree
  • M.D Clinical Pharmacology: 3 years
  • D.M Clinical Pharmacology: 3 years
Examination Type Semester
Eligibility Varies with course
Admission Process Merit and Entrance based admission 
Top Recruiters

Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Health Cares, Research centres, Medical Health Centres, etc

Top Career Scopes Professor/Lecturer/Assistant Professor, Chief Medical Officer, Clinical Leader, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Associate, Direct Marketing Manager, Drug Inspector, Medical Writer, etc

Top Colleges

College Name College Name
Madras Medical College Christian Medical College
Amity University Noida Kasturba Medical College
Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital University College of Medical Science
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research AM Reddy Memorial College of Pharmacy
Armed Forces Medical College East-West College of Pharmacy
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Bengal School of Technology
Bharati Vidyapeeth Chandigarh University
Sharda University Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy
Maulana Azad Medical College Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Aligarh
KIIT University Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences
Nirma University Dayananda Sagar Institutions
Lady Hardinge Medical College Himalayan Institute Hospital Trust
Luqman College of Pharmacy


Course Name Course Duration Eligibility
M.D. in Clinical Pharmacology 3 years
  • The student should have completed M.B.B.S. degree or M.D. in Pharmacology from a recognized university or institution
  • Candidates have to qualify for the postgraduate entrance exam.
  • One year internship is compulsory for the candidates. Moreover, the internship should be completed before the admission date.
D.M in Clinical Pharmacology 3 years
  • M.B.B.S. degree from a recognized university or institution
  • M.D. degree in Pharmacology from a recognized university or institution

Skills Required:

  • Patience and politeness
  • Ability to build a harmonious relationship with their patients
  • Strong Ethics
  • Service mentality
  • Self-motivating
  • Understanding the situations
  • Good communication skills


D.M. Clinical Pharmacology

Basic principles of clinical pharmacology
Introduction: The Clinical Pharmacology Principles of Drug Therapy
Principles of drug actions; molecular mechanisms of drug action including Drug usage in special clinical condition
Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamic Drug monitoring
Methodologies for drug development Drug evaluation and Clinical trials
Systemic Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics and Recent Advances
Pharmacodynamic Exercises
Central Nervous System Cardiovascular system
Respiratory system
Pharmacokinetic Exercises
Basic Pharmacodynamic Concepts Theraputic Drug Monitoring
Difference between Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Pharmacokinetics.

M.D. Clinical Pharmacology

Subject Name Subject Name
Clinical and Basic Sciences as applied to Pharmacology Central Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System   Cardiovascular System
Hematopoietic System Kidney/Renal System
Endocrinology Respiratory System Gastrointestinal System
Microbial resistance Regulation of cell growth and differentiation
General Pharmacology Important landmarks in the growth and development of Pharmacology, important contributions of renowned Indian and foreign Pharmacologists
Principles and modes of drug administration, source, nature and preparations of drugs Qualitative and Quantitative Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics Drugs interactions, Adverse drug reactions
Methods of new drug development Factors modifying drug response
Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics Structure-activity relationship of an important group of drugs
Preclinical evaluation of new drugs and toxicity studies Systemic Pharmacology
Autonomic nervous system Central nervous system
Cardiovascular system Hematopoietic system
Respiratory system Analgesic-Antipyretic
Anticonvulsant Sedative-hypnotics
Anti-psychotic Anti-depressant
Anti-parkinsonian Anti-diabetic Autonomic
Anti-anginal Anti-arrhythmic Hypotensive Diuretic Hypoglycaemic
Anti-inflammatory Anti-secretory

Admission Process

Admission into Clinical Pharmacology in most of the colleges is done on the basis of performance in the national entrance examination like NEET P.G, PGIMER. AIIMS, etc. Only the students who score above or equal to the cut-off will be eligible for the admission process. The merit list of students will be prepared according to the cut-off mark. Many institutions have a Group Discussion stage, yet many institutions directly invite students for the counselling process. However, some institutes carry out their own entrance exams followed by personal interviews and counseling in some cases.

Top Entrances

1. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER) Entrance Exam

  • Mode of Exam: Offline
  • Duration of Exam: 180 mins
  • Type of questions: Multiple Choice Questions

2. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate (NEET-PG)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree that should be recognized by the Medical Council of India.
  • Exam Date: 5th January 2021
  • Exam Mode: Online

3. All India Institute for Medical Science (AIIMS) Entrance Exam

  • Minimum Qualification: The candidate needs to have an MBBS degree from any university recognized by the Medical Council of India or State Medical Councils.
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

4. Bharati Vidyapeeth University Common Entrance Test (BVP CET)

  • Exam Type: National Level
  • Exam Mode: Offline
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours

Career Scope:

A career in Clinical Pharmacology can provide a very lucrative future. With a degree in Cardiology, one may avail one of many high paying jobs like becoming a Chief Medical Officer or a Clinical Pharmacologist. In this field, one can also be a lecturer for any medical college. Here, are some of the top career/job profiles associated with the field.

Job/Career Profile Salary/Annum
Professor/Lecturer/Assistant Professor Rs 5 - 10 lakhs
Chief Medical Officer Rs 6 - 20 lakhs
Clinical Leader Rs 4.80 - 7.75 Lakhs
Clinical Pharmacologist Rs 5 - 20 lakhs
Clinical Research Associate Rs 2.5 -  8 lakhs
Direct Marketing Manager Rs 3 - 8 lakhs
Drug Inspector Rs 4 - 12 lakhs
Medical Writer Rs 3 - 10 lakhs

Top Recruiters

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Health Cares
  • Research centres
  • Medical Health Centres

Top Hiring Cities:

  • Delhi
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Hyderabad
  • Kolkatta


Q: What are the top colleges providing a degree in Clinical Pharmacology?
A: Some of the top colleges are mentioned below:

Q: What is the eligibility criteria for a degree in Clinical Pharmacology?
A: The eligibility criteria are mentioned below:

  • Candidates those who have M.D/D.N.B. in General Medicine or  M.D/D.N.B. in Pediatrics or M.D/D.N.B. in Respiratory Medicine are eligible for this course.
  • The applicants should have completed 10+2 with Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.
  • One year internship is compulsory for the candidates. Moreover, the internship should be completed before the admission date.

Q: What are the Top Career Profiles associated with Clinical Pharmacology?
A: Some of the top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Clinical Leader
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Drug Inspector

Q: What is the duration of a course in Clinical Pharmacology?
A: The duration of the course is 3 years

Q: What are the important skills required in this field?
A: The important skills are mentioned below:

  • Patience and politeness
  • Ability to build a harmonious relationship with their patients
  • Strong Ethics
  • Service mentality

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field of Clinical Pharmacology?
A: Some of the top recruiters are mentioned below:

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Health Cares
  • Research centres
  • Medical Health Centres


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