Environmental science is a branch of science that integrates the effect of Physics, Chemistry, Biological & Information sciences including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, soil science, geology and physical science etc on organisms.
The environmental science mostly deals with the work on subjects like understanding of earth process, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control & mitigation, natural resources management, the effect of global climate change, etc.
One can pursue a diploma, bachelor, master, Ph.D. as well as can apply for a research degree in government organization. And there is a huge opportunity in both the private and government sector for the environmental science degree holder. An individual can work in central & state pollution control boards and even in organizations that work on environmental issues.
Environmental science focus on the study of protecting our environment with the reliable use of resources, so this field offers plenty of jobs related to the environment. Here we are going to discuss some of the career scope/ job opportunities that this field provides the students-
1. Environmental Scientist
An environmental scientist is the one who deals with the study of the impact of human activity on the environment, discover ways to manage the situation and control/eliminate the negative impacts. As the condition of our environment is getting worst day by day due to various harmful activities, the demand for Environmental scientists is increasing. They test soil, water, air like samples of natural sources to find the type, concentration and reason/source of the pollution and finally bring out its solution. A degree in Environmental science or any relevant subject can open a door to this profession.
(Average salary – 2 lakhs to 4 lakhs)
2. Environmental consultant
The role of the environmental consultant is essential in reducing the harmful impact of industries, commercial and government initiatives on the environment. Environment consultants give expert assessment with advisory services for their clients on matter/issues related to the environment. They evaluate current environmental policies, managing systems, and processes through comprehensive audits and measuring the inside & outside environmental contamination of the premises of the client’s organization. Environmental consultants tend to be employed by environmental consultancy firms with a client base which includes public sector and commercial organizations.
(Average Salary – 2.5 to 4 lakhs)
3. Environmental science manager
The environmental science manager's main job is to give advice to the organization on eliminating its impact on the environment & oversee the delivery of impact reduction strategies. Environmental managers can work for a range of employers. The schemes related to this field are waste management, renewable energy, recycling, pollution reduction, and pollution prevention. This field includes implementing environmental policies and practices, ensuring compliance with environmental legislation, assessing, analyzing and collating environmental performance data and reporting information on internal stuff, confirms, providing environmental training to the staff, etc.
(Average Salary – 4 lakhs to 6 lakhs)
A master's degree, ph.D. or even a bachelor’s degree (in some cases) can pursue a dream job of lecturer in Environmental science. The main job of the lecturers in this course is to supervise undergraduate/graduate teaching, internship, and research work. They research in a particular topic related to Environmental science and publish findings in professional journals, books and in various media. Adding to this they evaluate and grade student’s classwork, laboratory work, assignments, papers and supervise students’ laboratory and fieldwork.
(Average Salary – 3 lakhs to 6 lakhs)
5. Environment Journalist
An Environmental journalist is the one who has a particular interest in topics that is related to the environment. The research, ask questions, find answers and report their findings to the world. They cover specialized topics such as global warming or deforestation. The environmental journalist has to keep their facts straight whether they work for radio, television, the newspaper, a magazine, etc. A bachelor’s degree is the minimum qualification to be an environmental journalist.
(Average Salary – 2 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs)
6. Conservation Hydrologist
The Hydrologists study the interaction of water and the earth’s crust. This involves the study of rainfall and snowfall cause erosion, create caves, filtered through soil & rock to become groundwater or eventually reach the sea, how precipitation affects people by influencing river levels. Hydrologists measure the properties of bodies of water such as volume and streamflow. They analyze data on the environmental impact of pollution, erosion, drought, and other problems. A bachelor’s degree in the related field is required to start a career.
(Average Salary – 3 lakhs to 5 lakhs)
If you are someone with a huge interest in environmental issues and solutions to the problems, then this is the perfect field for you to explore things. As environmental issues are one of the most concerned topics nowadays, so the demand for this field related career perspective is also high. A great interest, problem-solving capacity, and strength in science are the keys to success.
Read also: 10 Easy tips: How to pick the right career after 12th?