The Study of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering

By Sarada Rath

Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering is the study of living organisms and their applications in agriculture, industrial processing medicine, environment, and energy. Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering are intricately interlinked as they both are indispensable in the field of medicine and healthcare, and extend to various other fields like industrial processing, agriculture, etc. In this program, students learn about biological sciences, chemical, and biochemical engineering, microbiology, chemistry, biochemistry, and genetics. Students also learn about genetic technology and learn how to develop treatments for various diseases. 

What you will focus on? 

  • Disposal of liquid and solid waste materials
  • Production of Biogas from waste materials
  • Designing equipment related to the field
  • Modification of an organism's genetic makeup
  • Production of renewable forms of bioenergy
  • Developing new medical treatment and diagnostic techniques
  • Researching Natural products
  • Development of food and drugs supplements


Course Name Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering
Course Level B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology) and M.Tech (Master of Technology)

B.Tech - 4 years

M.Tech - 2 years

Examination Type Semester Type

B.Tech: Must have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate

M.Tech: B.Tech or Equivalent degree in Engineering

Top Recruiters Pharmaceutical companies, Laboratories, Product based companies, Colleges, etc.
Top Career/Job Profiles Biotechnologist, Research Scientist, Pharmacist, Research and Development (Biotechnology and Biochemical), Professor, etc.

Top Colleges:

Eligibility Criteria:

Candidates need to check their eligibility criteria before applying for any degree in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering. Candidates have to at least complete their 10 +2 with a minimum mark of 50% in aggregate.

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
B. Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering 4 years
  • The candidate should have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate
  • Mathematics, Chemistry, and Biology should be the main subjects in +2
M.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering 2 years
  • Should have a B.E or B.Tech degree from a recognized university
  • The candidate should secure minimum of 50% marks in the UG


For B.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering:

It is 4 years and 8-semester long course.


  • Mathematics I
  • Mathematics II
  • Electromagnetic Fields and Waves
  • Physics Laboratory
  • Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
  • Chemistry Laboratory


  • Mechanics
  • Transport Phenomenon


  • An Introduction to Computers and Programming
  • Introduction to Computer Science
  • Graphic Science
  • Manufacturing Processes


  • Introduction to the Department
  • Biochemistry I
  • Molecular Biology and Genetics
  • Microbiology
  • Bioprocess Calculations
  • Biosciences Laboratory
  • Bioprocess Technology
  • Fluid Solid Systems
  • Bioprocess engineering I
  • Bioprocess Engineering Laboratory
  • Professional Processes
  • Practical Training
  • Colloquium
  • Enzyme Engineering and Technology Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Transport Processes I
  • Transport Processes II
  • Multistage Separations
  • Instrumentation and Process Control
  • Chemical Reaction Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering Lab. I chemical Engineering Lab. II

For M.Tech:

It is 2 years and a 4-semester long course.

Semester I Semester II
Introductory Biology/Introductory Mathematics Genetic Engineering
Engineering Principles Bioprocess Engineering & Technology
Molecular Biology Biostatistics
Microbial Biochemistry Downstream Processing
Immunology IPR & Bio-safety
Lab I - Biochemistry and Analytical Techniques Lab IV - Genetic Engineering
Lab II - Microbiology Lab V - Downstream Processing
Lab III - Immunology Seminar/Journal Club/Assignment
Communication Skills -


Semester III Semester IV
Applied Bioinformatics Project
Bioprocess Plant Design  
Elective I & II  
Lab VI - Bioreactor Operations  
Project Proposal Presentation  

Admission Process:

For B.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering:

  • Candidates should qualify the eligibility criteria
  • Most of the colleges provide admission based on scores of entrance exams such as JEE Main, BITSAT, VITEEE.
  • Some colleges provide admission directly through the marks secured in the 10th and 12th.

For M.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering:

  • Candidate should be eligible
  • Colleges provide admission through scores of GATE, TANCET, and other such entrance exams
  • Some also offer admission on the basis of marks secured in the undergraduate degree (B.Tech)

Skills Required:

As the course revolves around Biology and Chemistry, good knowledge in these subjects should be useful. Additional knowledge about Microbiology, Genetics, and Biochemistry is also helpful. Apart from this, the student must also possess the following skills to excel in this study:

  • Problem-solving, interpretation, and analytical skills
  • Must be patient in nature
  • Willingness to put in a lot of effort and dedication
  • Must be comfortable working long hours
  • The drive to learn and research
  • Must remain updated with the technology
  • Must be creative and harvest lots of ideas

Global Average salary 


Growth rate of the job 


Average salary in India 

4 - 11 Lakh Rupees per Annum

Top Entrances:

1. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: The students must have passed 10 and +2 with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with one of the Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/Technical Vocation subjects
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

2. JEE Advanced

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates clearing the JEE Main are eligible
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

3. BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: The students must have passed 10 and +2 with Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry/Biology as their main subjects and a minimum of 75% mark in aggregate.
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

4. VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)

  • Minimum Qualification: Must have scored 60% or more in 10 and 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics or Biology as main subjects.
  • Exam Duration: 2.5 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

5. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

  • Minimum Qualification: Must have passed a Bachelor degree (4 years after 10+2 or 3-years after Diploma in Engineering/Technology) in Engineering/ Technology
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

6. TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates should have Bachelor’s degree or equivalent with at least 50% mark in aggregate 
  • Exam Duration: 2 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Offline

Career and Job prospects:

After completing your degree in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering, one can get job opportunities at various Pharmaceutical companies, Laboratories, Universities, etc. Few job roles are mentioned in the table below:

Job Profile and Average Salary:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Biotechnologist 5 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Research Scientist 6 - 8 Lakh Rupees
Pharmacist 2 - 3 Lakh Rupees
Research and Development (Biotechnology and Biochemical) 4 - 7 Lakh Rupees
Professor 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees

Employment Areas:

  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Laboratories
  • Product-based companies
  • Colleges

Top Recruiters:

  • Abbot Laboratories
  • Biocon Ltd.
  • GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  • Hindustan Antibiotics
  • Hindustan Lever
  • Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  • Indo American Hybrid Seeds
  • Johnson and Johnson

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • New Delhi
  • Bengaluru
  • Chennai
  • Ahmedabad
  • Hyderabad
  • Kolkata
  • Vadodara


Q: What is Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering?
 Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering is the study of living organisms and their applications in agriculture, industrial processing medicine, environment, and energy. 

Q: What is the minimum eligibility required for B.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering?
For B.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering the student must have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate.

Q: What is the average salary of a Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineer?
The average salary is around 5 - 6 lakh rupees per annum.


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