Which Specialization is Best After MBBS?

By Editorial

Careers in the medical segment are the most sought-after profession amongst students. With more and more students joining the MBBS bandwagon every year, the competition in the segment has thickened over time. Needless to say, a simple MBBS is not sufficient to secure a strong foothold in the medical profession. It is almost imperative to specialize in a particular branch of human anatomy to ensure professional longevity and visibility in the medical care segment. Moreover trained doctors with a specific skill set are always in demand to address the upsurge of medical emergencies in the wake of new diseases. 


Tools of specializations

You can take your pick from the various kinds of specializations that are on offer:

  • Postgraduate Diploma
  • MD
  • MS
  • DNB degree

Eligibility Criteria

To pursue any of the specializations degrees, you are required to secure a state CET score, AIIMS, PGI-Chandigarh, JIPMER, or NEET PG. 


  • You can opt for the 2-year post-graduate diploma course certified by the Medical Council of India after your MBBS, in branches like obstetrics, endocrinology, anaesthesia, child health, gynaecology among others. 
  • An MD or a Doctor of Medicine degree spans over three years. It does not require surgical skills and you can choose from the branches of paediatrics, pathology, general medicine, microbiology, psychiatry among others. 
  • A degree of MS or Master of Surgery however requires surgical skills. This is a three-year program and you can make your choice from ophthalmology, gynaecology, plastic surgery, ENT, orthopaedics, general surgery, etc. 
  • The Union Ministry of Health confers the National Board of Examinations to award the three-year DNB degree as a specialization based on the DNB CET score. You can specialize in any of the recognized branches of the study of human anatomy.   

Specializations and scopes

Following your MBBS, there are many branches of specializations that can be pursued. Some of them are quite lucrative and have good prospects for a medical practitioner.


If the human nervous system is what interests you the most then go for a specialization in neurosurgery. Since the diagnoses and treatment of ailments related to the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves are grave and critical, your proficiency in this branch would command high respect and you would always be in demand.


You can nurture your interest in child health with a specialization in paediatrics. The demand for a paediatrician is always on a high since the health of a newborn is always the prime concern of the parents. The steep rise in population will not let you hang up your boots any soon. 


According to a UN survey, a population of over 3 billion suffers from poor eyesight due to a lack of awareness about the importance of visual health. Specialization in ophthalmology will equip you with the skill to diagnose, treat and spread awareness about the significance of eye care to the masses. 


A specialization in this branch of the study of human anatomy would make you proficient to deal with injuries, trauma, and ailments related to bones. Bone-related ailments are a common disease especially among the old and aged fraternity thus keeping you busy round the clock.

General Surgery

General surgeons get to treat a wide range of diseases of the human body keeping them in high demand almost all round the clock. They usually treat and operate abdominal ailments related to the pancreas, liver, colon, intestine, etc.   

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

The obstetricians and the gynaecologists are perhaps the only medical professionals who will be in demand till the end of creation. Handling issues related to the female reproductive organ is their forte and hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and caesarean operations are their areas of expertise. 


The health of the human heart becomes your concerned area of practice if you choose to specialize in Cardiology. The rise in lifestyle diseases in the new millennia has increased heart-related ailments exponentially creating a huge demand for cardiologists across the nation. 

The choice of best specialization after MBBS largely remains undecided since in the medical profession you must specialize in integrity, empathy, compassion, and care more than anything else. What remains thereafter is the subject matter of study. Let that simply be the reflection of your interest in a specific branch of human anatomy.   

Read also : 8 Keys to crack Medical Entrance exams at first attempt


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