Bio Medical and Instrumentation Engineering as a Career

By Sanjeet Nayak

Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering is the study of designing, repairing, maintaining, and operating of electronic medical equipment. It is a technical course that focuses on the maintenance and development of medical equipment that measures the physiological data of the patients. It deals with the engineering applications and principles that can be implemented directly in the medical problems pertaining to various issues like diagnosis, assistance, and surgical procedures.


Course Name Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering
Course Level Undergraduate and Postgraduate

Undergraduate/B.Tech in Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering: 4 years

Postgraduate/M. Tech Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering: 2 years

Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility Varies with course
Admission Process Merit and Entrance based admission 
Top Recruiters Allengers Medical System, Johnson and Johnson, Stryker, Roche Diagnostics, Medtronic, B. Braun, G E Healthcare, Skanray Healthcare, Toshiba Medical Systems
Top Career Scopes Biomedical Engineer, Bioinstrumentation Engineer, Equipment Design Engineer, Clinical Engineer

Top Colleges:

Some of the top colleges in India that offer a degree in Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering are mentioned below:


Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
B. Tech in Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering 4 years The student should have completed his/her 10+2 or equivalent exam. The minimum marks should be 50% or above, and Physics, Math, Biology, and Chemistry as main subjects.  
M. Tech in Bio-Medical and Instrumentation Engineering 2 years The students should have a B. Tech in Biomedical and Instrumental Engineering or any undergraduate degree in a related field.  


B.Tech in Bio Medical and Instrumentation Engineering

Subject Name Subject Name
Mathematics (Mathematics applied in Engineering) Physics
Chemistry Basic Civil Engineering
Material Science Environmental Science
Biochemistry Medical electronic devices
Basic Mechanical Engineering Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Engineering Graphics Electronics Engineering Practices
Mathematics for Biomedical Engineering Basics of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Digital Electronic System Design Applied Electronic Circuits
Biomedical Sensors and Measurement Devices Biomaterials and Artificial organs
Medical Instrumentation Biomedical Circuits and Networks
Fundamentals of Signals and Systems Biomedical Signal Processing
Medical Imaging Systems Medical Image Processing and Analysis
Biomedical Control Systems Rehabilitation Engineering


Assist Devices Soft Computing Techniques
Transportation in Living Systems Bio Chemistry
Hospital Engineering and Informatics Systems

M.Tech in Bio Medical and Instrumentation Engineering

Subject Name Subject Name
Human Anatomy & Physiology Bio-Signal Acquisition & Conditioning   
Clinical Instrumental Method of Analysis   Biomedical Imaging System      
Fibre Optics and Laser in Medicine  Biomedical Instrumentation Lab
Physiological Parameter Monitoring Lab Cardiopulmonary Bioinstrumentation  
Artificial Devices for Cardiovascular & Renal   Cardiac Catheterization & Sterilization Techniques  
Clinical & Instrumental aspect of Nuclear Medicine    Electronic Circuits for Medical Instrumentation
Modern Medical Instrumentation Lab Project I
Project II

Skills Required

  • Analytical
  • Detail-oriented
  • Strong in Biology and Chemistry
  • Strong in Math and Science
  • Strong technological skills

Admission Process

Admission to B.Tech/M. Tech in Biomedical Instrumentation is through entrance examinations conducted either by the university or the national level entrance examinations such as JEE. Some colleges also accept direct admission on the basis of merit considering the marks obtained in the last academic exam. 

Job Profile Average Salary per annum
Biomedical Engineer 4.5 lakhs
Bioinstrumentation Engineer 5 lakhs
Equipment Design Engineer 7.6 lakhs
Clinical Engineer 9.5 lakhs

Top Entrances:

1. JEE Main

  • Exam Duration: 3 hours
  • Application Mode: Online 
  • Exam Mode: Online and Offline
  • Exam Frequency: Twice a year

2. JEE Advanced

  • Application Form: 12 September 2020
  • Last date of the application form: 17 September 2020
  • JEE Advance 2020 Exam Date: 27 September 2020


  • Exam: Cancelled


  • Total time: 2 Hours 30 Minutes
  • Type of Question: MCQs 
  • Level of exam: University level   
  • Frequency of exam: Once in a year 


  • Exam date: 16th - 18th and 21st - 23rd Septemeber, 2020
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Mode of Exam: Online


  • Duration of exam: 3 Hours
  • Level of exam: University level
  • Exam frequency: Once in a year
  • Mode of exam: Online

Top Recruiters:

  • Allengers Medical System
  • Johnson and Johnson
  • Stryker
  • Roche Diagnostics
  • Medtronic
  • B. Braun
  • G E Healthcare
  • Skanray Healthcare
  • Toshiba Medical Systems

Top Hiring Cities:

  • Delhi
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Hyderabad
  • Chennai


Q: What are the career prospects for Biomedical and Instrumentation Engineering Graduates?
A: Biomedical and Instrumentation engineers can seek employment in several fields such as biomedical instruments design & manufacturing companies, biomedical research organizations, hospitals, laboratory testing services, quality assurance services, medical institutions, and pharmaceutical organizations. Additionally, there are ample opportunities for Biomedical Instrumentation Engineers in the field of research and development at government agencies, companies, universities, etc. Companies such as Wipro Medical, Siemens, L&T, BPL, recruit Biomedical Engineers into their R&D department. Professionals with M.Tech and PhD. degrees can take up teaching jobs in colleges and universities. Graduates may also find jobs in pathological labs, diagnostic centers, clinics, and rehabilitation clinics.

Q: What is the eligibility criteria for getting admission into B. Tech in Biomedical and Instrumentation Engineering?
A: Candidates are required to pass 10+2 with Mathematics, Physics as mandatory subjects and Chemistry or any other optional subjects (Biology, Biotechnology, Computer Science) with a minimum of 50% marks (vary as per the institute) in aggregate from any recognized Board or Council to secure admission in B.Tech Biomedical Instrumentation. Some colleges demand Biology as one of the compulsory subjects in the qualifying examination. A relaxation of 5% marks is applicable for those belonging to reserved categories. (SC/ST/OBC).

Q: Which is the top institute to do B. Tech in Biomedical and Instrumentation Engineering?
A: IIT Kanpur has a separate institute known as the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering (BSBE) which offers a B.Tech program in Biosciences and Bioengineering (BSBE) with an aim to expose students to this unique fusion of biology with other basic and engineering sciences. Admission to the B. Tech program is through the joint entrance examination (JEE) conducted by the IITs for students who have secured 60% marks in Class XII. 

Some other institutes to consider for B. Tech in Biomedical and Instrumentation Engineering are mentioned below:

  • NIT Raipur
  • NIT Rourkela
  • MIT, Manipal
  • SRM, Chennai

Q: What are the top entrances for BioMedical and Instrumentation Engineering course?
A: Here are the top entrances for BioMedical and Instrumentation Engineering course-

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced


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