Agricultural Statistics and its Basics

By Sanjeet Nayak

The Agricultural Statistics course deals with the study of economic statistics of agriculture by collecting data on land use, yield, and rainfall statistics. Through this course, students will gain knowledge of data collection, processing, and analysis in a statistical manner. After completing the course, students can investigate the status and examine the current development of our agricultural industry. The statistical agricultural data helps in the development of yearly long-range plans for agricultural production, fulfilling the objective of our agricultural industry.

What will the course focus on?

  • Conducting research activities 
  • Collecting Agricultural statistical data (animal or crop sample) for a study.
  • Tools for processing and analyzing the Agricultural statistical data.
  • Methods of developing agricultural production plans using the data.
  • Ways to coordinate with other organizations working in the rural economy.
  • Techniques for managing different agricultural activities in more than one facility

 Top Colleges for Agricultural Statistics in India:

Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian economy since its Independence. There are many colleges in India that provide a full-time degree in Agricultural Statistics. These can be some top colleges like the Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute and the Institute of Hotel Management, Indian Institute of Technology. Some of the top colleges are mentioned below:


Course Name Agricultural Statistics
Examination Type Semester System
Course Level 

Bachelors in Agricultural Statistics: 3 Years

Master in Agricultural Statistics: 2 Years

Eligibility Varies with Course 
Admission Process Counselling after qualification of relevant entrance examination  
Top Recruiters British Sugar, Grant Thornton, HGCA, National Farmers Union, HSBC Bank, Soil Association, Velcourt Farms, etc
Top Career Scopes Agriculture Officer, Research scholar, Research Associate, Business Manager, etc

Minimum Eligibility Requirements:

It is compulsory for each and every applicant to fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria to pursue a degree in Agricultural Statistics. The candidates should analyze and properly understand the eligibility criteria of the course because incomplete and uneligible registrations are strictly revoked or canceled by the concerned administration. The eligibility criteria of Agricultural Statistics has been mentioned below:

Courses Duration Eligibility Entrances
Bachelors' (BSc) 3 years 10+2 with 50-60% in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. University conducts exams
Masters'(MSc) 2 years Bachelor’s degree in the stream of Agriculture, Agro-Forestry, Horticulture, Sericulture, Forestry, Agricultural Marketing or an equivalent degree with 60% of marks CAT, JUET, CUCET, OUCET, etc


The accessory design syllabus may differ from one Institute to another. The syllabus of the course highlights the complete course curriculum of a particular degree. It is classified accordingly to the core subjects selected by the candidates.

MSc. Agricultural Statistics:

Probability Theory Design of Experiments II
Statistical Methods Sampling Techniques II
Design of Experiments I Statistical Genetics II
Sampling Techniques I Data Analysis in Agriculture
Statistical Genetics I Stochastic Processes
Applied Multivariate Methods Non-linear Statistical Modelling
Statistical Inference Official Statistics
Mathematical Methods Econometrics

BSc. Agricultural Statistics:

Semester 1

Rural sociology and constitution of India  Comprehension and communication skills in English 
Plant biochemistry Introduction to computer applications 
Educational psychology  

Semester 2

Agricultural finance and cooperation Principles of agricultural economics
Trade and prices  Agricultural marketing 
Fundamentals of agribusiness management   

Semester 3

Farm power and machinery  Energy sources and their application in agriculture
Protected cultivation structures and agro-processing  Principles of soil and water engineering 

Semester 4

General Entomology Crop pests and their management 
Economic Entomology  Sericulture 

Semester 5

Extension methodologies for transfer of agricultural technologies  Dimensions of agricultural extension 
Entrepreneurship development and communication skills   

Semester 6

  • Soil microbiology
  • Agriculture microbiology

Semester 7 

  • Fundamentals of statistics

Semester 8

Introductory agriculture, principles of agronomy, and agricultural meteorology Practical crop production I
Practical crop production II  Field crops I (Kharif) 
Field crops II (Rabi) Irrigation water management 
Weed management  Rain fed agriculture and watershed management 
Farming systems, organic farming, and sustainable agriculture  Experimental techniques in agricultural research I 
Natural resource management  Horticulture
Crop production Agribusiness management 
Social sciences  Integrated livestock farming 
Bio inputs  Commercial agriculture 
Genetics and biotechnology   


  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Observational Skill
  • Organization & Time Management
  • Presentation Skills
  • Initiative.
  • Commercial awareness.
  • Analytical skills.
  • The ability to apply technical knowledge of the environment and legislation/public policy matters in a practical environment.
  • Marketing and sales skills.
  • IT skills.

Admission process 

Some of the top colleges in India offer admission into the Agricultural Statistics course on the basis of marks secured in a particular entrance exam. However, there are many institutions that select candidates as per their scores in their last academic session. There are some private universities or colleges that conduct their own entrance examination for this course. Moreover, many prestigious institutions accept scorecard from a specified national level common entrance like GATE, CAT, etc. 


  1. Registration last Date: September 23, 2020 (5.00 pm)
  2. Exam Date: November 29, 2020 (Sunday)
  3. Time Limit: Total time has been reduced for each section to 40 minutes. Previously its was limited to 60 minutes.
  1. Last Date of Registration and Pay fee (without late fees): 20 September 2020
  2. GATE 2021 Exam Dates: 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, and 14 February 2021

  3. GATE 2020 Results: 22 March  2021

  1. Mode of Exam: Offline
  2. Type of Questions: MCQ
  3. Courses Offered: Integrated/ undergraduate, Postgraduate and Research Programs
  1. Mode of Exam: Offline
  2. Eligibility Criteria: Students should have completed a BSc or equivalent with a minimum of 40% marks from recognised universities. They should be Indian and should be a resident of Telangana state.
  3. Age Limit: No particular limit

Career and Job prospects:

India being an agri-based economy offers many lucrative career opportunities to students who have completed a degree in Agricultural Statistics. Many government bodies like NABARD and popular private companies like Grant Thornton prefer skilled individuals from this filed as it demands a good amount of research and data analysis. The main objective of this field is to enhance the organization's production techniques and also its agriculture products. Developing sustainable methods of agriculture can provide a lot of scope for research-related activities. Some of the top career profiles with salary are mentioned below:

Average salary:

Profession  Salary per annum 
Agriculture officer 3.5 lakhs to 4.8 lakhs
Tea gardener 1.5 lakhs to 3 lakhs
Research scholar 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs
Research Associate 2.7 lakhs to 4 lakhs
Business Manager 6.5 lakhs to 7.5 lakhs

Read Also, Introduction to Agricultural Economics

Employment areas: 

  • Agri-based Companies
  • Banks or Finacial Institutions
  • Different Government Bodies of Data Analysis
  • Unions and Trusts 

Top Recruiters:

  • British Sugar
  • Grant Thornton
  • HGCA
  • National Farmers Union
  • HSBC Bank
  • Soil Association
  • Velcourt Farms

Top Hiring Cities:

  • Delhi
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Hyderabad


Q: What are the top colleges for Agricultural Statistics?

A: The top colleges for Agricultural Statistics are-

  • Government Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities, Amravati
  • Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi
  • Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, West Bengal
  • Nirmala College, Kerala
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agricultural and Technology, Pantnagar
  • University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Maharajas College, Kochi

Q: What is the job role of an Agriculture officer?
A: The job role of an Agriculture officer is to disburse the loans to farmers as well as others involved in the primary sector of the economy, responsible for coordinating with other organizations working in the rural economy such as NABARD and RRBs.

Q: What is the average salary of a Business Manager?
A: The average salary of a Business Manager is around 6.5 lakhs to 7.5 lakhs.

Q: What is the duration of Agricultural Statistics?

A: The duration of the course is mentioned below:

  • Bachelors' (BSc): 3 years
  • Masters'(MSc): 2 years

Q: What are the top career prospectus of Agricultural Statistics?

A: The top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Agriculture officer
  • Tea gardener
  • Research scholar
  • Business Manager

Read Here: 

Promising Career Options in Agriculture

Agricultural Engineering - The study of survival ground



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