Petroleum Engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the extraction and the production of hydrocarbon. This field is about the process of extraction and the production of hydrocarbons from both crude oil the same of natural gas, where the engineers develop methods and techniques for extracting natural resources from deep down the Earth’s surface and hunt for new ways to exact from older walls.
The sector has two main disciplines which are the oil and the gas industry which are the main focus for the sector, where the sole purpose is the maximum economic recovery of the hydrocarbon products. Exploration by the earth scientists and petroleum engineers examine and study to extract the products.
Petroleum Engineering focuses on the estimation of the recoverable volume of this resource using a detailed study over the physical behavior of oil, water, and gas within porous rock at very high pressure.
Application of advanced computers helps for the exploration and the study and simulation of the reservoir behavior, for the automation extraction of oil field production and drilling operations there.
Top colleges in India
The colleges offering the course for the Petroleum Engineering areas:
The generalized highlights for the Petroleum Engineering are:
|Course Level ||Graduate|
|Duration ||4 years|
Courses & Eligibility
|Diploma||3 years||Candidates should have passed the 10th with a minimum aggregate of 55% marks with Science and mathematics as one of the compulsory subjects.||State-Level Entrance Exam|
|B.Tech||4 years||Candidates should have passed their 10th and +2 or equivalent examination in Science stream from any recognized Institution with a minimum aggregate mark of 50%||JEE Main, MHT CET|
|M.tech||2 years||Candidates should have a B.Tech/B.E. in chemical/petroleum engineering or any equivalent stream. Candidates who have completed M.Sc. in Chemistry are also eligible.||GATE, JEE Advanced|
The top recruiters regarding Petroleum Engineering discipline are:
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
- Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
- Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL
- Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL)
- Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC)
- Essar Oil
- Lubricants India
- Oil Gas India
- Petrosil Group
- Bharat Petroleum
- Reliance Petroleum Limited
- Gas Authority of India
- Tata Petrodyne
The general admission process for Petroleum Engineering and Technology course for most of the institutes are similar. Aspirants are needed to appear for the entrance exam conducted. Students need to appear which are conducted on any national, State, Institute-level. After the rounds for the personal counseling of the intervals. Based on the respective cumulative score, qualifying candidates are granted admission in the institute.
Syllabus and courses
The major specializations under the discipline of petroleum engineering are :
Petroleum Upstream Engineering - This main focus is over the fundamentals of exploration and production of oil and gas.
Petroleum Downstream Engineering - In this specialization, the practical aspects of processing techniques of petroleum refinery and natural gas, which includes the production phase and it cost estimation.
There are also sub-branches of petroleum engineering:
Reservoir Engineering - This involves the assessment of oil and gas deposits, and mainly focused over the estimation part of these reservoirs which includes surveillance engineers, production engineers, simulation engineers, and geothermal engineers.
Drilling Engineering - This involves the process of drilling and the extraction of gas or oil keeping the cost factor and environmental safety as a priority.
Production Engineering - This is the sub-branch which deals in the selection of the types of equipment that are to be used for the extraction purposes from the sources.
During the first year of this course, in general, the common engineering subjects are of focus, and at the beginning of the second year subjects that are of focus are the petroleum engineering(petroleum, oil and natural gas) with the additional lab works and workshop sessions. This course also includes activities like industrial visits and project work. The general topics covering the study of this Petroleum Engineering are :
- Probability and Statistics
- Numerical Methods
- Petroleum Exploration
- Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology
- Reservoir Engineering
- Petroleum Formation Evaluation
- Oil And Gas Well Testing
- Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques
Candidates aspiring for the courses of Petroleum Engineering, the skills required for the role of an ideal Petroleum Engineer are as:
- The ability to positively apply advanced concepts of the course study to formulate and work over complex petroleum engineering problems.
- The arising interest to understand natural resource recovery of oil and gas exploration, its production and development of the process of extraction.
- Zeal to deal and develop machines with equipment for the extraction of the processing of oil.
- Aptitude for optimization productivity using petroleum engineering principles.
- The successful skills in plans, designs, inspections and active concepts for oil and gas wells.
- Interests over the concepts and process of extraction, production, and processing of the refining, oil and gas pipeline construction, gas utilities and related processes involving for the refining and the transportation.
The major concerned entrance examination for the course of the Petroleum Engineering are:
Career and Job Prospects
Average Salary Per Annum
|Drilling Engineer||Drilling engineers are responsible for planning and executing drilling operations to extract minerals, metal ores, oil and natural gas across a variety of terrains, on land and underwater. You can also find opportunities with engineering consultancies and onshore, offshore and mobile drilling contractors.||10 - 12 lakhs|
|Reservoir Engineer||Reservoir engineers determine the location and amount of fuel in underground reservoirs. Often, engineers work with advanced equipment, such as computer modeling and imaging programs, to locate reserves of oil and natural gas.||6 - 7 lakhs|
|Production Engineer||Production engineers work in the sphere of manufacturing, overseeing the production of goods in many industries at factories or plants. Their main job is to ensure that all products are manufactured with utmost efficiency and quality, according to planned protocols using the appropriate technology.||3 - 4 lakhs|
|Chief Petroleum Engineer||Chief Petroleum Engineer Plans and directs engineering activities of a petroleum company to develop oil fields and produce oil and gas: Formulates programs for developing oil fields, planning schedules for drilling wells and for constructing pumping units, crude-oil treating units, and other production facilities.||5 - 6 lakhs |
Question: Where petroleum engineers work?
Answer: The initial step is the discovery of the source, for the location. Once discovered, the petroleum engineers work, analyze to understand the geologic formation of the reservoir. After the examination and analysis of the rock containing the reservoir, further, the drilling methods are determined, monitored for the extraction operations.
Question: Will there be scope for the petroleum engineers in the coming future?
Answer: The fall of the oil price is by political reasons rather than economic factors. There is downfall under the low price, for which many of the projects suffer the loss. Well, the demand for engineers will be there in the long run. This is so because as compared to other energy resources, petroleum products are cheaper, safer and more feasible than oil and gas. Shale gas, tight oil, and methane hydrate etc, could well sustain the energy demand for the next upcoming few decades.