Civil Law: Course, College and University, Job Prospectus

Civil Law is the most famous specialization in the stream of Law. The Civil law deals with the cases of divorce, child custody, property ownership, disagreements of contracts, personal and property damage. In civil law, the wrong doer has the chance to accept his/her mistake or settle a dispute by paying compensation. This brings justice with the culprit legally. There are four types of civil law namely Torts, Contract law, Family law and Personal disputes. The cases that do not involves the breaking of Criminal laws comes under civil law. To pursue the civil law programme, students should be well-qualified & have sufficient knowledge about the Constitution and the legislations. 
The key motto of the Civil Law is to protect its civilians from any type of breach, unjust and/or biases and to provide equal rights and opportunities for all. Any matter that affects the smooth functioning of the welfare of an individual or society can be filed under The Civil Law in India.

Top Colleges

In India there are many colleges and universities that provide Civil Law as a specialization in the stream of Law. Some of the top most Universities and Colleges that provide Civil Law as a specialization are as follows:

  • National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
  • National Law University, New Delhi
  • Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kolkata
  • National Law University, Jodhpur
  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune
  • Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
  • The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
  • National Law Institute University, Bhopal
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
  • Indian Law Institute,New Delhi
  • Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
  • The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences
  • National Academy Of Legal Studies And Research (NALSAR)
  • National Law School Of India University, Bhopal

Highlights

Course Level U.G. and P.G.
Duration U.G. (3 - 4 Years) and P.G. (1 Year)
Admission Process Entrance and Counselling
Examination Type Semester wise
Course Fees P.G.- 3 Lakhs - 10 Lakhs and U.G. - 10,000 - 2 Lakhs
Average Starting Salary 3 lakhs to 15 lakhs ( Sometimes Compensation depends on the Significance of Case)
Top Recruiters Luthra & Luthra, Trilegal,Desai & Diwanji, Singhania & Partners,Titus & Co, Wadia Ghandy & Co, Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan, Economic Laws Practice, Vaish & Associates, Ministry of Home Foreign Affairs etc.

Course Eligibility

Course Duration Eligibility Entrances
L.L.B 3 years Graduation in any discipline with 55% minimum marks CLAT, AILET, CUSAT, LSAT
L.L.M 1 Year Graduation in law, Some colleges and Universities demand up to 24 months of experience CLAT, AILET, CUSAT, LSAT, AIBE, KIITEE

Top Recruiters

Some of the Top Recruiters are mentioned below:

  • Amarchand and Mangladas
  • Luthra and Luthra
  • AZB and Partners
  • Jyothisagar and Associates
  • Kaithan And Co.
  • ICICI
  • Trilegal
  • Allen and Overy 
  • Linklaters
  • Amarchand Mangaldas
  • AZB & Partners
  • J Sagar Associates
  • Khaitan & Co
  • Luthra & Luthra
  • Trilegal
  • Desai & Diwanji
  • Singhania & Partners
  • Titus & Co
  • Wadia Ghandy & Co
  • Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan

Admission Process

For L.L.B
Admission is done either on the basis of marks obtained by candidates in qualifying degree or through a relevant entrance test. Students who are in the final year of their graduation can also apply for entrance tests conducted for Admission.
There are various entrance tests conducted for admissions in India. On the other hand, candidates also get direct admission to the same. A list of entrance exams for admission to the course has been mentioned below:

  • CLAT
  • LSAT
  • AILET
  • TS- LAWCET

For L.L.M
Admission to L.L.M Criminal Law course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant national, State, or university- level entrance exam, followed by rounds of group discussion and personal interview, wherein the candidate’s aptitude for the course is assessed.
Some of the major entrance examinations conducted in India for admission to L.L.M. in Criminal Law are listed here:

  • CLAT PG 
  • AILET PG 
  • ILI CAT
  • IPU CET 

Syllabus

L.L.B in Civil Law

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Labour Law Law of Evidence Civil Procedure Law
Family Law-1 Arbitration Conciliation and Alternative Interpretation of Statues
Criminal Law Human Rights and Evidence Law Legal Writing
Law of Contract-1 Environmental Law Land laws and other local laws

Optional Papers (Anyone)

a. Trust, Women and Law

b. Criminology

c. International Economics Law

Property Law including the transfer of Property Act Administrative Laws
Family Law-2 Jurisprudence Code of Criminal Procedure
Law of Tort and CPA Practical Training- Legal Aid Company Law
Constitutional Law

Optional Papers(Any one)

a. Comparative Law

b. Law of Insurance

c. Conflicts of Law

d. Intellectual Property Law

Practical Training- Moot Courts
Professional Ethics   Banking Laws and Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

L.L.M in Civil Law

What is Law? Civil vs. Criminal, International, Settling Disputes/Overview of Court System, Importance of Lawyers & Legal Profession
Constitutional Law/Free Speech
Other 1st Amendment Freedoms
Privacy, Due Process, Abortion
Process of Being Arrested “Juvenile Offenders” (Short periods-OGT Week)
Rational Basis/Strict Scrutiny & Example Cases of Discrimination
Parties & Types of Crimes Against the Person
Other types of Crimes
Torts/Civil Wrongs
Intentional Torts
Negligence
Strict Liability & Public Policy Review and Exams

Skills Required

  • Confidence
  • Good at collecting information/ data
  • Good at analysing public policies impacting criminal justice
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Good at reading charts & graphs
  • Critical Thinking
  • Ability to debate
  • Good decision making skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Ability to manage stress
  • Good observational skills
  • Problem solving ability
  • Good presentation skills
  • Persuasiveness
  • Interest in Research
  • Interest in detail
  • Ability to assimilate as well as analyse facts
  • Interest in technology
  • Good writing ability
  • Unbiased
  • Good convincing power
  • Fluency and clarity of speech
  • Mental and physical stamina
  • Intellect
  • Good judge of situation/people

Top Entrances

Some of the top entrances to consider for a degree in Criminal law are as follows: 

  • CLAT: Common Law Admission Test
  • AILET: All India Law Entrance Test
  • CUSAT: Cochin University of Science and Technology
  • LSAT: Law School Admission Test
  • AIBE: All India Bar Examination
  • KIITEE: Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination

Career

Job profiles Salary Job description
Civil Lawyer 4 lakhs - 50 lakhs ( Depends on the significance of the case ) Civil lawyer handle cases involving contracts and property between individuals, government and businesses.
Legal Advisor 3 lakhs - 10 lakhs ( Depends on the significance of the case ) Legal advisors work in law firms where they supply legal advisory services to clients. In other words, legal advisors help people make the right decisions.
Professor - Law 5 lakhs - 30 lakhs Teaches courses in the discipline area of law. Develops and designs curriculum plans to foster student learning, stimulate class discussions, and ensures student engagement. Provides tutoring and academic counseling to students, maintains classes related records, and assesses student coursework
Legal Journalist 2 lakhs - 7 lakhs  Legal journalists, like journalists in general, research and collect information and report that information to the general public in a variety of media. However, legal journalists focus specifically on reporting on matters pertaining to the law.
Social Worker 2  lakhs - 6 lakhs Social workers help clients handle everyday life problems. They often assist clients who have issues caused by neglect, abuse, domestic violence, mental health and parental substance abuse

FAQ's

Q: What is the duration of L.L.B in Civil Law?
A: The duration of the course is 3 - 4 years.

Q: What are the career prospectus in this field?
A: Some of the promising career prospectus are as follows:

  • Civil lawyer
  • Legal Advisor
  • Professor
  • For more details see the career tab.

Q: What are the skills required in this field?
A: Some of the skills require in this field are as follows:

  • Good at analysing public policies impacting criminal justice
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Good at reading charts & graphs
  • Critical Thinking
  • Ability to debate
  • Good decision making skills
  • Ability to manage stress
  • Good observational skills
  • For more details please see the skills tab

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field?
A: Some of the top recruiters in this field are as follows:

  • Amarchand and Mangladas
  • Luthra and Luthra
  • AZB and Partners
  • Jyothisagar and Associates
  • Kaithan And Co.
  • ICICI
  • Trilegal
  • Allen and Overy 
  • Linklaters
  • Amarchand Mangaldas

Q: What are the top entrances to appear for a career in Civil law?
A: Some of the top entrances to appear are as follows:  

  • CLAT
  • AILET
  • CUSAT
  • LSAT

For more details check entrances tab.

Q: What is the main motive of Civil law?
A: The key motto of the Civil Law is to protect its civilians from any type of breach, unjust and/or biases and to provide equal rights and opportunities for all

Q: What are the top colleges to choose from?
A: The top 5 colleges are mentioned below:

  • National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
  • National Law University, New Delhi
  • Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kolkata
  • National Law University, Jodhpur
  • For more details check the top colleges tab

Q: What course duration of L.L.M ?
A: The course duration is 1 year for L.L.M Civil Law

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