Civil Law: Admission, Syllabus, Course Details, Eligibility | EducationAsia

Civil Law is the most famous specialization in the stream of Law. Civil law deals with the cases of divorce, child custody, property ownership, disagreements of contracts, personal and property damage. In civil law, the wrongdoer has the chance to accept his/her mistake or settle a dispute by paying compensation. This brings justice to the culprit legally. There are four types of civil law namely tort, Contract law, Family law and Personal disputes. The cases that do not involve the breaking of Criminal laws come under civil law. To pursue the civil law program, students should be well-qualified & have sufficient knowledge about the Constitution and the legislations. 

The courses offered in civil Law are undergraduate(LLB)  and Postgraduate(LLM). LLB is a 3-year degree course and LLM is a 2year Postgraduate course. The course fees for both are 10.00 to 2 Lakhs and 3 Lakhs to 10 10 Lakhs respectively.

Top Colleges

The career in Law has now more interesting among the students. In India, there are many colleges and universities that provide Civil Law as a specialization in the stream of Law. Some of the topmost Universities and Colleges that provide Civil Law as a specialization are as follows:


The top courses offered in Civil Law are Undergraduate and Postgraduate degrees. The Undergraduate Course degree is known as LLB while the Postgraduate degree is known as LLM. Before going to take admission into these courses one should have complete knowledge about the details of this course which are highlighted below.

Course Level U.G.(LLB)  and P.G.(LLM)
Duration U.G. (3 Years) and P.G. ( Year)
Admission Process Entrance and Counselling
Examination Type Semester wise
Course Fees P.G.- 3 Lakhs - 10 Lakhs and U.G. - 10,000 - 2 Lakhs
Average Starting Salary 3 lakhs to 15 lakhs ( Sometimes Compensation depends on the Significance of Case)
Top Recruiters

Luthra & Luthra, Trilegal, Desai & Diwanji, Singhania & Partners, Titus & Co, Wadia Ghandy & Co, Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan, Economic Laws Practice, Vaish & Associates, Ministry of Home Foreign Affairs, etc.


Course Eligibility:

By the major topmost colleges in India mostly two types of degree courses in Civil Law. Those are LLB and LLM. Before applying to study this course one should know about the Courses, Eligibility, duration, and entrances conducted for this. Here are tabulated the details about the course for an easy understanding.

Course Duration Eligibility Entrances
L.L.B 3 years Graduation in any discipline with 55% minimum marks CLAT, AILET, CUSAT, LSAT
L.L.M 2 Years Graduation in law, Some colleges and Universities demand up to 24 months of experience CLAT, AILET, CUSAT, LSAT, AIBE, KIITEE

Top Recruiters

There is a huge scope for Law students nowadays. After the completion of this degree, they are placed as Civil Lawer, Legal Adviser, Law Professor, Social worker, etc, with a high paid salary. Some of the top recruiters for this course studty are mentioned below.

  • Amarchand and Mangladas
  • Luthra and Luthra
  • AZB and Partners
  • Jyothisagar and Associates
  • Kaithan And Co.
  • Trilegal
  • Allen and Overy 
  • Linklaters
  • Amarchand Mangaldas
  • AZB & Partners
  • J Sagar Associates
  • Khaitan & Co
  • Luthra & Luthra
  • Trilegal
  • Desai & Diwanji
  • Singhania & Partners
  • Titus & Co
  • Wadia Ghandy & Co
  • Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan

Admission Process

For L.L.B
Admission is done either on the basis of marks obtained by candidates in qualifying degree or through a relevant entrance test. Students who are in the final year of their graduation can also apply for entrance tests conducted for Admission.

For Admission Into LLB Degree
There are various entrance tests conducted for admissions in India. On the other hand, candidates also get direct admission to the same. A list of entrance exams for admission to the course has been mentioned below:

  • CLAT
  • LSAT

For L.L.M
Admission to L.L.M Criminal Law course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant national, state, or university- level entrance exam, followed by rounds of group discussion and personal interview, wherein the candidate’s aptitude for the course is assessed.
Some of the major entrance examinations conducted in India for admission to L.L.M. in Civil Law are listed here:

  • CLAT PG 
  • IPU CET 


The syllabus for the course study of Civil Law is very vast. It covers all the activities included in civil law. The syllabus for LLB and LLM is different. But the syllabus for both degrees is almost the same in all colleges and Universities. The detailed syllabus for both LLB and LLM is mentioned in the below table.

L.L.B in Civil Law

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Labour Law Law of Evidence Civil Procedure Law
Family Law-1 Arbitration Conciliation and Alternative Interpretation of Statutes
Criminal Law Human Rights and Evidence Law Legal Writing
Law of Contract-1 Environmental Law Land laws and other local laws

Optional Papers (Anyone)

a. Trust, Women and Law

b. Criminology

c. International Economics Law

Property Law including the transfer of Property Act Administrative Laws
Family Law-2 Jurisprudence Code of Criminal Procedure
Law of Tort and CPA Practical Training- Legal Aid Company Law
Constitutional Law

Optional Papers(Anyone)

a. Comparative Law

b. Law of Insurance

c. Conflicts of Law

d. Intellectual Property Law

Practical Training- Moot Courts
Professional Ethics   Banking Laws and Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

L.L.M in Civil Law

1 What is Law? Civil vs. Criminal, International, Settling Disputes/Overview of Court System, Importance of Lawyers & Legal Profession
2 Constitutional Law/Free Speech
3 Other 1st Amendment Freedoms
4 Privacy, Due Process, Abortion
5 Process of Being Arrested “Juvenile Offenders” (Short periods-OGT Week)
6 Rational Basis/Strict Scrutiny & Example Cases of Discrimination
7 Parties & Types of Crimes Against the Person
8 Other types of Crimes
9 Torts/Civil Wrongs
10 Intentional Torts
11 Negligence

Strict Liability & Public Policy Review and Exam

Skills Required:

To be a Law practitioner, one needs to have a lot of essential skills as he works in the court, argues with the opposition Lawer, makes point to the Judge, interact with his clients, etc. So here is mentioned some important essential skill for a law degree holder.

  • Confidence
  • Good at collecting information/ data
  • Good at analyzing public policies impacting criminal justice
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Good at reading charts & graphs
  • Critical Thinking
  • Ability to debate
  • Good decision-making skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Ability to manage stress
  • Good observational skills
  • Problem-solving ability
  • Good presentation skills
  • Persuasiveness
  • Interest in Research
  • Interest in detail
  • Ability to assimilate as well as analyze facts
  • Interest in technology
  • Good writing ability
  • Unbiased
  • Good convincing power
  • Fluency and clarity of speech
  • Mental and physical stamina
  • Intellect

Top Entrances

 The admission to LLB degree is generally done on a merit basis. But some reputed colleges give admission to LLB Courses through entrance tests. But admission into the LLM course is mostly done through Entrance tests. The entrance tests are generally conducted at both the national and state levels. Some colleges also conduct their own entrance tests. Some of the top entrances are listedbelow.

  • CLAT: Common Law Admission Test
  • AILET: All India Law Entrance Test
  • CUSAT: Cochin University of Science and Technology
  • LSAT: Law School Admission Test
  • AIBE: All India Bar Examination
  • KIITEE: Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination


A career in law is now very demanding. The students are very much interested to pursue their career in Law. Becoz its a Prestigious sector and one can earn up to 50 lakhs annually in his starting career. After the completion of this degree, they are posted as Civil Lawer, Legal Adviser, Professor in Law, Legal Journalist, Social worker, etc,. The Law degree holders' job profile, description and starting annual Salary clearly mentioned below.

Job profiles Job description Average Annual Salary
Civil Lawyer Civil lawyers handle cases involving contracts and property between individuals, government and businesses. 4 Lakhs to 50 Lakhs
Legal Advisor Legal advisors work in law firms where they supply legal advisory services to clients. In other words, legal advisors help people make the right decisions. 3 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs
Professor - Law Teaches courses in the discipline area of law. Develops and designs curriculum plans to foster student learning, stimulate class discussions, and ensures student engagement. Provides tutoring and academic counseling to students maintains classes related records and assesses student coursework 5 Lakhs to 30 Lakhs
Legal Journalist Legal journalists, like journalists in general, research and collect information and report that information to the general public in a variety of media. However, legal journalists focus specifically on reporting on matters pertaining to the law. 2 Lakhs to 7 Lakhs
Social Worker Social workers help clients handle everyday life problems. They often assist clients who have issues caused by neglect, abuse, domestic violence, mental health and parental substance abuse 2 Lakhs to 6 Lakhs


Q: What is the duration of L.L.B in Civil Law?
A: The duration of the course is 3 years. For Integrated Law it's 4 years.

Q: What are the career prospects in this field?
A: Some of the promising career prospectuses are as follows:

  • Civil lawyer
  • Legal Advisor
  • Professor
  • For more details see the career tab.

Q: What are the skills required in this field?
A: Some of the skills required in this field are as follows:

  • Good at analyzing public policies impacting criminal justice
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Good at reading charts & graphs
  • Critical Thinking
  • Ability to debate
  • Good decision-making skills
  • Ability to manage stress
  • Good observational skills

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field?
A: Some of the top recruiters in this field are as follows:

  • Amarchand and Mangladas
  • Luthra and Luthra
  • AZB and Partners
  • Jyothisagar and Associates
  • Khaitan And Co.
  • Trilegal
  • Allen and Overy 
  • Linklaters
  • Amarchand Mangaldas

Q: What are the top entrances to appear for a career in Civil law?
A: Some of the top entrances to appear are as follows:  

  • CLAT
  • LSAT

Q: What are the top colleges to choose from?
A: The top 5 colleges are mentioned below:

  • National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
  • National Law University, New Delhi
  • Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kolkata
  • National Law University, Jodhpur


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