MD Medicine vs DNB in Medicine

By Editorial

Many students are confused as to what to pursue after completing their MBBS degree. Students think whether they must pursue DNB or MD in Medicine. This creates great confusion among the students who want to pursue higher studies. Which one is better for your future? Read this article to clear your doubts about selecting the right PG course. 


DNB and MD- An Overview

The post graduate degree Diplomate in National Board (DNB) is awarded to the students by the National Board of Examinations under the Union Ministry of Health, India. The candidates who pursue DNB are trained at private hospitals, while the candidates pursuing MD/MS are trained at Medical Colleges. DNB residency positions are available in 54 different specialties.



To get admission in any government institution is tough. This becomes even more difficult if you want an institution of your choice. To get admitted in this course, a student will have to clear the national entrance exam conducted for the course. 


When you compare with MD, getting admission in DNB is relatively easy. One can get the institution of their choice quite easily. To enrol in the DNB program, the candidate will have to clear the NBE common entrance exam. Then they will have to attend the interview at the institution that they have chosen.

DNB and MD/MS- Course


A candidate studying MD at a government institution will have to deal with huge patient load with the equipments that are available. This leaves little time for studies, presentation and research. As a result, one will have to work hard and learn the job. At the end of the course, the student will have to be well prepared and be confident enough to start a practice.

The private institutions on the other hand have lesser load of patients and they give stress on academics. In this situation, one will have a good balance of theory and practical experience. However, extra training will be needed before starting own practice.


Studying DNB at the private institutions is helpful as one gets exposure to the latest medical equipments. They can also understand the working style in corporate hospitals. The institutions vary based on the load of the patients and also on the different specialties in an institution. Academics part will be average as there is less time for studies.

Clearing the final exam

After you get admission, you need to clear the final exam in one or more attempts in MD. There is no such criterion in the case of DNB. 

DNB vs MD-Career:

The government institutions consider DNB. Some medical colleges even want the candidates to have some prior work experience to consider candidates with DNB. However, there is no difference in securing a job. In private practice, they might face difficulty in the initial stages due to the perception of the general public.  


In conclusion, one can say that these two degrees are of equal merit if you want to practice a private job in India. If you want a teaching job in a medical institution, then MD is preferred. However, if you want to practice abroad, then DNB is preferred. 


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