Promising Career Options in Agriculture in India

By Editorial

With the growth in science and technology, there has been a tremendous improvement in the field agriculture in India. Not only farming, but different other job roles have also come up for one to pursue. Read through the article to know about some of the interesting career options in agriculture.



Agricultural Engineering

Many farmers in India still work with outdated equipment and techniques. To resolve this issue, Agricultural Engineering enables them to design better farm equipments, develop good manufacturing processes and so on. This field mainly throws light on rural structures, conservation of soil, rural electricity, farming equipment, drainage and irrigation. The engineers also go to the sites to check that the techniques are actually helping the farmers.

Top Institutes for Agricultural Engineering


If you have had a knack for gardening, then becoming a horticulturist is your ideal career in agriculture. Horticulture is the science which is engaged in the growth and cultivation of vegetables, fruits, herbs, trees, and decorative flowers. Horticulturists also develop nurseries, orchards, plantations, greenhouses, etc. There is a growth in organic food consumption by the people. Hence, there has been a rising demand for horticulturists.

Top Institutes for Studying Horticulture

  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad

Dairy Technology
Dairy Technology is a sector which is involved in the production of milk. A career in this field will involve collecting milk, storing it and processing the milk so that it can be consumed. 

Top Institutes for Dairy Technology

  • Sri Venkateshwara Veterinary University, Tirupati
  • Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Science and Technology, Patna
  • Karnataka Veterinary Animal & Fisheries Science University, Bidar

Fisheries Science

Fisheries science deals with the study of life, habits and breeding of different fish species. A study in this field will enable students to understand new techniques of fish rearing, how to conserve and also transport them. 

Top Institutes for Fisheries Science

  • Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, Kochi
  • Maharashtra Animal & Fisheries University, Nagpur
  • West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata

Poultry Farming

A career in agriculture in this field involves raising chickens, ducks for consumption for their eggs and meat. If one wants to pursue a career in this field, one will have to oversee works like managing of the shed, maintaining nutritional standards, transporting the goods and so on.

Top Institutes for Poultry Farming

  • Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi
  • Sri Venkateshwara Veterinary University, Tirupati
  • Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner


A career in agriculture in this field involves improving the use of soil, restoring the fertility of soil, preparing good seedbeds, proper conservation methods, managing moisture of soil and proper methods to control weeds.

Top Institutes for Agronomy

  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

Agricultural Economics

Agricultural economics refers to the use of Economic principles in the field of agriculture. If one wants to pursue a career in agriculture in this field, they will be involved in tracking preferences of consumers, monitoring of import and export patterns, predicting market trends and so on. Policy analysis, international trade, crop and livestock sciences and others are some of the areas in which one can establish their expertise.

Top Institutes for Agricultural Economics

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur
  • Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

Agri-Business Management

Managing business aspects in agriculture is the main aspect of a career in agriculture in this field. If you want to pursue a career in this field, one will have to deal with manufacturing and distribution of farming equipment, processing of agricultural products and also develop a bridge between farming and non-farming sectors.

Top Institutes for Agri-Business Management

  • Agricultural College & Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra
  • Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Agricultural Business Management, Pune

Agricultural Biotechnology

A career in agriculture in this field involves applying scientific procedures like molecular diagnostics, genetic engineering and so on. An individual working in this field will have to look for ways to increase production of milk, prevention and treatment of diseases of animals, developing better ways of processing food.

Top Institutes for Agricultural Biotechnology

  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Biotechnology, Jharkhand
  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore

Popular job profiles:

Agricultural Scientist Agriculture Officer
Crop Specialist Researcher
Plant Geneticist Production Manager
Farm Manager Agricultural Engineer
Soil Surveyor Ecologist
Agronomist Forester
Agricultural Inspector Food scientist
Arborist Horticulturalist
Soil Engineer Conservation Planner
Water Conservationist Soil Scientist
Plant Scientist  Silviculturist

To sum up, a career in agriculture in India is much in demand due to the growing scope in this field.


Q. What are the popular braches of agriculture?
Ans- Forestry, Horticulture, Crop Production, Agriculture Engineering, Crop Improvement, Dairy Technology and Fisheries. 

Q. What is the salary bracket for freshers in the field of agriculture?
Ans- A graduate in Agriculture will generally start a career in a range of 10,000 to 25,000 INR in India. 

Q. Can I pursue a degree in Agriculture in distant mode?
Ans- Yes, you can pursue different agriculture courses in distance mode. Institutes like IGNOU offers distance mode and part-time courses in this field. 

Read also : Agricultural Engineering - The study of survival ground


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