Physiology: The Science of Human Body

By Sarada Rath

Physiology is a full-time 3-year Post-Graduate course in Doctor of Medicine (MD) that deals in Human Anatomy. It is the science of the physical, chemical, and mechanical functions of human organs and their cells. The course covers anatomical terminologies, biochemistry, cells and tissues, skeletal, muscular, endocrine, nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, respiratory, immune, and reproductive systems. Students learn various types of diseases related to the human body, understand the structure and functions of the body. The major parts linked to Physiology are bones and joints, brain, skin, blood vessels, internal organs, and spinal cords.


Course Name Physiology
Course Level Post Graduate (PG)
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester Type
Eligibility The student should have an MBBS degree
Top Recruiters Apollo Healthcare, Fortis Hospitals, Pentagon Global solutions
Top Career/Job Profiles Rural Development Officer, Business Development Manager, Regional Manager

Top Colleges:

Eligibility Criteria:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
MD in Physiology 3 years
  • The candidate must have an MBBS degree or its equivalent from a recognized university
  • The candidate must have scored at least 55% in the MBBS


MD in Physiology is a 3-year duration course. The year-wise subjects of study are given in the table below:

Year I Year II Year III
General Physiology Medical Gastroenterology Pediatrics
Physiology of Excitable Tissue Clinical biochemistry Ophthalmology
Neurophysiology Hematology Dissertation
Blood Clinical pathology -
Gastrointestinal Function Anatomy -
Endocrinology and Metabolism Community medicine -
Excretory System Urology -

Admission Process:

The admission in MD in Physiology is mostly based on the performance in entrance exams. Eligible candidates can apply for national level entrance exams such as NEET PG to take admission into this course. University level entrance exams such as AIIMS PG and JIPMER PG have been discontinued from the year 2020-21. In place of them, INI CET has been introduced as the new PG Medical Entrance Exam for admissions. Also, some institutions offer admission into this course on a merit basis based on the performance in the MBBS degree.

Top Entrances:

With all other medical PG entrance exams being discontinued, only 2 National-level PG entrance exams are being conducted in the country, which is:

1. NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Post Graduate)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree or a certificate that justifies the candidate has an MBBS degree.
  • Exam Duration: 3.5 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

2. INI CET (Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree or its equivalent with a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate (50% for SC/ST)
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

Skills Required:

  • Problem-solving skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Should have the ability to analyze, organize, and communicate information and data
  • Presentation skills
  • Numerical skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Should be able to develop the hypothesis and design expertise
  • Should have a calm and patient nature

Career and Job prospects:

After completing MD in Physiology, one can get job opportunities at various Hospitals, Healthcare sectors, Universities, etc. Different types of job roles for this course are mentioned in the table below:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Physiologists 3 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Clinical Analyst 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Physiology Trainer  3 - 5 Lakh Rupees
Lab Technician - Physiology 2 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Trainee Medical Coder 3 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Anatomy Trainer 2 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Professor 5 - 7 Lakh Rupees

Employment Areas: 

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Healthcare sectors
  • Military services
  • Universities/Colleges

Top Recruiters:

  • Lotus labs private ltd
  • Apollo Healthcare
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Pentagon Global solutions
  • Columbia Asia 
  • Healthcare Global Enterprises Ltd (HCG)
  • Aster DM Healthcare Ltd
  • Piramal Healthcare
  • Siemens Healthcare

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • Jalandhar
  • Mumbai
  • New Delhi
  • Hyderabad
  • Bengaluru
  • Kolkata
  • Pune
  • Chennai
  • Patna
  • Bhubaneswar
  • Kochi
  • Lucknow
  • Mangalore


Q: What is Physiology?
Physiology is the science of the physical, chemical, and mechanical functions of human organs and their cells. It is basically the study of the structure and functions of various human body parts.

Q: What does a Physiologist do?
A: A physiologist examines and monitors human physiological organs and systems such as respiratory, nervous, and cardiac systems, to diagnose and treat physiological disorders and long-term illnesses.

Q: What are the eligibility criteria to pursue MD in Physiology?
A: The basic eligibility criteria to get admission into MD in physiology is to have an MBBS degree with a minimum of 55% in aggregate.

Q: What is the average salary of a Physiologist?
The average salary ranges from 3 - 4 lakh rupees per annum.


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