Physiology: The Science of Human Body

By Sarada Rath

Physiology is a full-time 3-year Post-Graduate course in Doctor of Medicine (MD) that deals in Human Anatomy. It is the science of the physical, chemical, and mechanical functions of human organs and their cells. The course covers anatomical terminologies, biochemistry, cells and tissues, skeletal, muscular, endocrine, nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, respiratory, immune, and reproductive systems. Students learn various types of diseases related to the human body, understand the structure and functions of the body. The major parts linked to Physiology are bones and joints, brain, skin, blood vessels, internal organs, and spinal cords.


Course Name Physiology
Course Level Post Graduate (PG)
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester Type
Eligibility The student should have an MBBS degree
Top Recruiters Apollo Healthcare, Fortis Hospitals, Pentagon Global solutions
Top Career/Job Profiles Rural Development Officer, Business Development Manager, Regional Manager

Top Colleges:

Eligibility Criteria:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrance
MD in Physiology 3 years
  • The candidate must have an MBBS degree or its equivalent from a recognized university
  • The candidate must have scored at least 55% in the MBBS


MD in Physiology is a 3-year duration course. The year-wise subjects of study are given in the table below:

Year I Year II Year III
General Physiology Medical Gastroenterology Pediatrics
Physiology of Excitable Tissue Clinical biochemistry Ophthalmology
Neurophysiology Hematology Dissertation
Blood Clinical pathology -
Gastrointestinal Function Anatomy -
Endocrinology and Metabolism Community medicine -
Excretory System Urology -

Admission Process:

The admission in MD in Physiology is mostly based on the performance in entrance exams. Eligible candidates can apply for national level entrance exams such as NEET PG to take admission into this course. University level entrance exams such as AIIMS PG and JIPMER PG have been discontinued from the year 2020-21. In place of them, INI CET has been introduced as the new PG Medical Entrance Exam for admissions. Also, some institutions offer admission into this course on a merit basis based on the performance in the MBBS degree.

Top Entrances:

With all other medical PG entrance exams being discontinued, only 2 National-level PG entrance exams are being conducted in the country, which is:

1. NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Post Graduate)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree or a certificate that justifies the candidate has an MBBS degree.
  • Exam Duration: 3.5 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

2. INI CET (Institute of National Importance Combined Entrance Test)

  • Minimum Qualification: Candidates must have an MBBS degree or its equivalent with a minimum of 55% marks in aggregate (50% for SC/ST)
  • Exam Duration: 3 Hours
  • Exam Mode: Online

Skills Required:

  • Problem-solving skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Should have the ability to analyze, organize, and communicate information and data
  • Presentation skills
  • Numerical skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Should be able to develop the hypothesis and design expertise
  • Should have a calm and patient nature

Career and Job prospects:

After completing MD in Physiology, one can get job opportunities at various Hospitals, Healthcare sectors, Universities, etc. Different types of job roles for this course are mentioned in the table below:

Job Profile Average Salary Per Annum
Physiologists 3 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Clinical Analyst 4 - 6 Lakh Rupees
Physiology Trainer  3 - 5 Lakh Rupees
Lab Technician - Physiology 2 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Trainee Medical Coder 3 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Anatomy Trainer 2 - 4 Lakh Rupees
Professor 5 - 7 Lakh Rupees

Employment Areas: 

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Healthcare sectors
  • Military services
  • Universities/Colleges

Top Recruiters:

  • Lotus labs private ltd
  • Apollo Healthcare
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Pentagon Global solutions
  • Columbia Asia 
  • Healthcare Global Enterprises Ltd (HCG)
  • Aster DM Healthcare Ltd
  • Piramal Healthcare
  • Siemens Healthcare

Top Hiring Cities in India:

  • Jalandhar
  • Mumbai
  • New Delhi
  • Hyderabad
  • Bengaluru
  • Kolkata
  • Pune
  • Chennai
  • Patna
  • Bhubaneswar
  • Kochi
  • Lucknow
  • Mangalore


Q: What is Physiology?
Physiology is the science of the physical, chemical, and mechanical functions of human organs and their cells. It is basically the study of the structure and functions of various human body parts.

Q: What does a Physiologist do?
A: A physiologist examines and monitors human physiological organs and systems such as respiratory, nervous, and cardiac systems, to diagnose and treat physiological disorders and long-term illnesses.

Q: What are the eligibility criteria to pursue MD in Physiology?
A: The basic eligibility criteria to get admission into MD in physiology is to have an MBBS degree with a minimum of 55% in aggregate.

Q: What is the average salary of a Physiologist?
The average salary ranges from 3 - 4 lakh rupees per annum.


NATA 2021 Admit Card Out(Phase I), Download link, Exam day Instructions
NATA 2021 Revised Eligibility Criteria Released By COA
ATMA 2021 Registration process (Ends), Know Exam dates, syllabus, pattern
CMAT 2021: Last Few Days Preparation Tips To Ace The Exam
ACET 2021 Result Declared, Download Scorecard
UPSC NDA I 2021 Admit Card Available, Check Exam Date
How to Crack CLAT 2021 in First Attempt
Check CLAT 2021 UG And PG Exam Pattern. Descriptive Pattern Made a Comeback
CLAT 2021 Registration Extended Till 30th April, Get direct link here
GATE COAP 2021 Registration Started By IIT Delhi, Apply Here
JEE Main 2021 April Session Registration Started, Know Exam Dates
Application form of TS LAWCET and TS PGLCET 2021 Begins, Check here exam dates, eligibility
13 Students Hit the Perfect 100% in JEE Main 2021, Check The State Wise Toppers List
WBJEE 2021 Registration Process Extended Till 30th March
JEE Main 2021 March Session Final Answer Key Released For B.E/B.Tech
MET 2021 Registration Process Ends Tomorrow, Apply now
JEE Main 2021 March Session Result Out, Check Scorecard
CMAT 2021 Admit Card Released By NTA, Download Here
CUSAT CAT 2021 Registration till 31st March , Get direct link here
CMAT 2021 Exam To Be Conducted On 31st March
GATE 2021 Topper List and Cut off marks (Out), Check Paper wise cutoff
JEE Main 2021 March Session Answer key With Question Paper Released
COMEDK UGET 2021 Application Form available, Know Registration Process
NATA 2021 Correction Window Starts Today, Registration Close Soon
JEE Main 2021 State wise Topper List (out). Check out Women Top scorer's
TISSNET 2021 Result (Declared), Know how to check it
GPAT 2021 Result Announced, Check Scorecard Ratio Here
Students Scored 100% in JEE Main 2021 Paper 2
JEE Main 2021 February Session Paper 2 Result Declared
IIT JAM 2021 Final Answer key (Out), Know steps to calculate score
JEE Main 2021 Day 3 March Session Exam and Paper Analysis
Predict Your Score Using GATE 2021 Answer Key
IIT Bombay Released GATE 2021 Final Answer key With Question Paper
PAF 2021 Registration Ends, Apply here
WBJEE 2021 Registration Process Last Date Tomorrow, Apply Soon
NIFT 2021 Result Declared, Check Scorecard Here
JEE Main 2021 Day 2 March Session Paper And Exam Analysis For B.E/B.Tech
KLEEE 2021 Admit card Released, Check dates,Download procedure
MAT 2021 CBT Mode Registration Last Date Tomorrow, Apply Soon
MAT 2021 CBT Mode Phase 2 Admit Card Released, Download Here

© 2020 | | All Rights Reserved