National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 is the new education policy which has been devised by the Union Cabinet on 28th July. With the help of this NEP 2020, great changes have been brought in the school and high education areas.
The new policy mainly aims at developing:
- Curriculum or core essentials.
- Critical thinking
- Interactive classes
- Experimental learning
- Holistic and multidisciplinary education across all streams
The top ten reforms that took place in colleges and universities include the following:
1. Strengthening of the Adult Education
With this new education policy, the Government of India aims for 100% literacy of the young adults and adults of India.
2. No need for affiliation
There will be no need to get affiliation for any college or university in the next fifteen years. The colleges and universities will be granted autonomy so that they can give degrees to the students after the completion of the course.
3. MPhil and PhD
MPhil degree will be discontinued under the National Education Policy. This will be helpful for many students as they can apply for PhD after the completion of their Masters’ degree.
If one wants to pursue a PhD, they at least need a Master’s degree or a 4 years undergraduate degree.
4. UG course duration(3 years) and FYUP course duration (4 years)
In the context of the National Education Policy 2020 scheme, any undergraduate degree in any institution will be of a duration of three or four years. One can leave the degree within this period. Any educational institution will have to give to the student a diploma degree after the student completes two years of study, a degree after the student completes three years of study and a certificate to those students who complete one year of study in any professional or vocational course of their choice.
The Government of India will also help in establishing an Academic Bank of Credit for storing the academic scores digitally. This will enable the institutions to count the credit at the end and put it in the degree of the student. This will be helpful for those individuals who might have to leave the course mid-way. They can start the course later on from where they left off and not start from the beginning once again.
5. 50% Gross Enrolment Ratio Target by 2035
The Government of India with the help of the National Education Policy has the mission to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in different high education imparting institutions in India. For this, even vocational training will also be included in this criterion. It must be noted that about 35 million seats will be added to high education imparting schools and colleges.
6. National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit
For conserving and preserving the Indian Languages, National Education Policy 2020 has recommended the setting up of the Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation and also the National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit. This will enable the strengthening of the Indian languages in high education academic institutions.
7. National Research Foundation to be set up by Government
To spread the spirit of innovation and research in different academic courses at school, college and university levels, National Research Foundation will be set up soon by the Government of India.
8. Common entrance exams
There will be a common entrance test for getting admitted to colleges. This will be held twice in a year and will be organized by the National Testing Agency (or NTA).
Entrances conducted by NTA will be:
9. Aims to go global
Internationally renowned universities from all over the world will be motivated to come to India and share their knowledge. In the same way, renowned Indian institutions will also be motivated to become international.
10. Cap on the fees of the colleges
According to the National Education Policy 2020, a cap on the fees charged by the private educational institutions will be done.