Will technology deliver for 'big neuroscience'?

By Nancy Sinha

Many technologies and plausible areas of neuroscience research, including experiments that may be facilitated through the use of human subjects. The committee assumes that all such research will be conducted in accordance with the guidelines established in the Belmont Report and subsequent regulations issued by the Office of Human Research Protections of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Having completed the big sequencing challenge of the nineties and early aughts, some political institutions seem ready to undertake another big and collective scientific endeavor—this time, to improve our understanding of how human brains work. the European Commission announced that it would give €1 billion to a project aiming to simulate the human brain, the Human Brain Project.



This project seeks to integrate everything we know about the brain into massive databases and detailed computer models. Following this announcement, the US National Institutes of Health unveiled their desire to undertake a project of no less magnitude that seeks to monitor the activity of whole brains at the cellular level: The Brain Activity Map.

The challenges with the brain are that it functions at the level of cells and synapses and that communication happens on the millisecond timescale. Technologies do exist to record the activity of hundreds of cells located in a relatively small region of the brain with high spatial and temporal resolution in model organisms, using either imaging approaches or electrodes. But interesting brain functions emerge from the interaction of thousands or perhaps millions of neurons distributed across the entire brain. Imaging technologies, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), can infer neuronal activity across the entire brain in a non-invasive manner, but their resolution is currently much too coarse to unveil what is going on at the cellular level.


Read Best mobile apps for Neuroscientists Technology 


Thus, there is clearly a gap in what current technology can do for whole-brain studies at the level that matters most. Deployable instruments are technologies directly affecting performance, training, or military decision making. Enabling instruments to fill gaps in current technology and allow neuroscientific examination (laboratory) or evaluation (training or battlefield) of soldier performance, training, or military decision making. The committee feels this distinction is vital, because it is not immediately clear, for example, whether miniaturized signal processing technology will open additional opportunities to use laboratory devices currently considered impractical.

If that happened, the miniaturization of signal processing would be an enabling technology. All neuroscience technologies have spatial and temporal resolutions that define the neurophysiological building blocks they can study. Twenty-five years ago, the vast majority of detailed in situ function of localized structures in the human brain was extrapolated from work on animals measured with electronic stopwatches, clipboards, and scalp surface electrodes or was inferred from correlation studies of injury/pathology using psychiatric examinations. The neuroscience projects, however, are in graver need of technological advances to generate the desired data. These are exciting times for neuroscience research. More than ever, inclusive discussions among physicists, engineers, and especially neuroscientists across the globe will be critical if we are to successfully reach the ambitious goals on the agenda.


Read Here Most Trending Paramedical Courses With High Salary in India



How the Pandemic is Going to Affect the Education Sector?
What are the Various Skills One Should Emphasize During the 21st Century?
A Ray of Hope in the Darkness: The Online Courses
CLAT 2021 Exam Dates to be Notified in the First Week of May: Consortium of NLUs
Is Scrapping of Board Exams the Only Solution?
Know The Top Online Websites for Professionals To Skill Up
JEE 2021 April Session Postponed; How Far it will be a Good Decision?
NIPER JEE 2021 Application Form (Released), Check Exam dates, Eligibility Here
NATA 2021 Result Declared For 1st Phase, Download Scorecard Here
AEEE 2021: Know B.Tech Admission And Slot Booking Criteria in Amrita Viswa Vidyapeetham
NEET PG 2021 Admit Card Revised To April 14 Due To Technical Reasons
Different Options To Go With If CMAT 2021 Score Is Low?
NATA 2021 Phase 1 Exam Concluded, What Next ?
NBE To Conduct NEET PG 2021 Abiding By All COVID 19 Protocols
CMAT 2021 Result(Out), Know Top Colleges Accepting Percentile And Cut Off
WBJEE 2021: Exam (July 11), Know Scoring, Ranking And Tie-Breaking Criteria
NEET PG 2021: Last Few Days Tips To Crack The Exam
MET 2021 Admit Card (Out) For 1st Phase, Know Steps to download
TANCET 2021: Get Your Scorecard Ready For The Counselling
NEET PG 2021:Tie breaking Criteria, Changes in exam pattern
JEE Main April 2021: Know Subject Wise Marking Scheme And Percentile Calculation
What's New in NATA 2021 Exam Pattern,Marking scheme
JEE Main 2021 April Session Admit Card Released, Know Exam Day Guidelines
NEET PG 2021:Exam Pattern, Test day instructions
CMAT 2021: Answer key Released, Result Out Soon, Know Percentile Score
NEET PG 2021 Admit card Released, Know here steps to download
MAT 2021: What To Do After Getting MAT Result ?
JIPMER Accepting NEET UG Score For BSc Nursing Admission
Does the Exam Pattern of MET 2021 Changes, Know here the exam pattern ,Marking scheme
MAT May 2021: Registration Started, Effective Study Plan To Cover Syllabus
NDA 2021 Exam pattern: Check Marking scheme, Marks distribution
AEEE 2021: Are multiple attempts useful for aspirants?
LSAT 2021:Know here Exam Pattern , Scholarships offered
CMAT 2021 Exam Over: what's next?
CLAT 2021: How To Score High?
JEST 2021: Tips to concentration more on Exam Preparation
NATA 2021 Admit Card Out(Phase I), Download link, Exam day Instructions
NATA 2021 Revised Eligibility Criteria Released By COA
ATMA 2021 Registration process (Ends), Know Exam dates, syllabus, pattern
CMAT 2021: Last Few Days Preparation Tips To Ace The Exam

© 2020 | educationasia.in | All Rights Reserved