Agriculture is the basic root of the living of the human being, where the cultivation not only needs for the results for the production of the crops but also for the animals too. Into the verses of today's technology, the technological advancements that took part in the agricultural sector, food engineering has gained importance. Courses under this Agricultural and Food Engineering, the study is based on the technology to develop in this sector. This study is based on the application of technology to improve in land resource planning, the production of crops, irrigation, dairy engineering. The food engineers will analyze, govern, and maintain for the production, processing, and packing for the respective fields. And today this field has opportunities for food refrigeration, it's freezing, the thermal processing, it's drying, and other food operations.
The top institutes for the Agricultural and Food Engineering are:
- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
- Central Food Technology Research Institute, Mysore
- University of Delhi, Delhi
- Karunya University, Coimbatore
- SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
- Anand Agricultural University, Gujarat
- University of Mysore, Mysore
- Anna University, Chennai
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
- Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
- Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam
- Kerela Agricultural University, Thrissur
- Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh, Punjab
| 4 years
|Passed 10+2 with minimum physics, chemistry, and mathematics as main subjects.
Courses and Eligibility:
||must have passed 10+2 class with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics with minimum 50% of marks
JEE Main, JEE Advanced, SRMJEE, COMEDK(Karnataka)
||complete B. Tech with minimum 50 % of marks
||passed 10th class with a minimum pass mark
||No such entrances
The top recruiters of Agricultural and Food Engineering are:
- Food and Agriculture Organization
- Agro Tech Food
- ITC Limited
- PepsiCo India
- Perfetti India Ltd
- Britannia India Ltd
- Nestle India Pvt. Ltd.
- Cadbury India Ltd.
The general admission for the B.Tech in the courses of the Agricultural and Food Engineering is based over the entrance exams which is conducted by the various universities. The next process comes to the counseling which is conducted by the respective universities and as accordingly the students are being selected for the Agricultural and Food Engineering. There are also universities which give direct admissions to the students on the basis of the merit marks.
The course study for Agricultural and Food Engineering is based over 4 years, consisting of a total of 8 semesters. Each year is divided into 2 semesters. The content or the scheme for the respective semester is based on the theory and the practical exams. The exams are scheduled twice a year. The course includes the syllabus for the B.Tech Engineering covers to the topics.
The topics here would be,
- Food Authenticity
- Food Safety
- Preservatives and Preservation Methods
Its main objective for this year that the students gain knowledge of microbiology and its application in the field of food industry.
Kinematics of Machinery:
The basic topics here are,
- Kinematic Notation and Analysis
- Incomplete Kinematic Chains
- Kinematic Synthesis
The main objective here is that students understand the concepts of the kinetics of respective machinery in the field of Agricultural and Food Engineering.
The basic topics here include which are,
- Basic concepts of the Engineering
- The Technical Design Approach
- Economical design approach
- Economical Optimization
The main objective of this subject and the relevant topics are basics of food technology, food transport technology and food packing technology.
Food Packing Technology:
The basic topics over the Food packing technology are:
- Introduction to food technology
- Food Safety & Public Health
- Packaging Machines
- Shell Life of Packing Material
Here the course discloses the study of various methods, machines and material used for packaging of a different variety of food products.
The skills required for the Agricultural and Food Engineering are:
A Healthy Body
On top of everything food engineers, the farming analysis and the farming tasks are very strenuous where the works need to be done in intense heat, cold and rain. Unhealthy habits will bring challenges to the daily life of a working food engineer.
Farmers along with organic farmers need to maintain the records so as to maintain the workflow. Certification of paper works and also the warranties to the payment of the labour contracts need to be organised well.
Irrelevant of the size of any organic farms, few people know the management skills. This helps the engineers to keep a track of the status and also allow to manage the business associated with the agents and the buyers.
The food engineers are required to stay updated with organic and products. This field of the industry helps to maintain the industry as a whole.
The job role of a food engineering not only ends after the packing materials and exported successfully but it also deals with the growth of crops, the remedies taken for the problems, the caring of crops which is the first priority. Maintaining records, paying bills, web designing marketing material for the successful organic business plan for the long run.
Critical Thinking and Analytical Skills
The organic farmer will use his skills to study the changing landscape of farming, skills to monitor and assess the quality if their land, crops or livestock and to solve problems as they arise.
Most food engineers, ranchers, and agricultural managers train under experienced farmers have plenty of opportunities to learn. Beginner Farmer and the Rancher Developer Program inlcuding programs like organic trends, workshops are beneficial to stay fresh and remain skilful even after the times change.
The top entrances for the Agricultural and Food Engineering are:
| responsible for rearing farm animals, tending crops, maximizing total yield, managing farm equipment supply, overall budget activities, on-field staff, and administrating the farm activities.
||2.5 lacs to 4.5 lacs
|Provides professional advice on the selection, ordering, planting, and maintenance of trees, shrubs, ground covers, and turf grasses on campus, Prepares fertilizer programs for various types of plants.
||1.2 lacs to 2.4 lacs
|Maintaining and monitoring project plans, project schedules, work hours, budgets and expenditures
||2.5 lacs to 3.5 lacs
Product Design Engineers
|responsible for the process of creating and developing new products. They research and develop ideas and processes for new products, improve the performance and design of existing products and overseeing the production and packaging of final products.
||2.7 lacs to 4.5 lacs
Research and Development
|manager performs a number of highly important roles within an organization, responsible for research, planning, and implementing new programs and protocols into their company or organization and overseeing the development of new products.
||5.5 lacs to 8.5 lacs
Agricultural Crop Engineer
|help agricultural and food scientists create biological applications for developing crops with new, sturdier traits.
||2 lacs to 4.5 lacs
|responsible for ensuring the best customer service is received by staff and clients. ... Assisting with the preparation of and the serving of all meals and beverages to customers.
||2.5 lacs to 4.5 lacs
|study soil, plants, seeds, and products to better understand crop needs and develop more effective and efficient farming practices. They conduct research, take and test samples, and solve complex problems.
||3.5 lacs to 5 lacs
||Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
||1.5 lacs to 3 lacs
Q: What is the work of an agricultural engineer?
A: Agricultural Engineers typically has the roles as Design Agricultural machinery its components and types of equipment, using CAD (Computer-Aided Design) Technology. Also, they play a vital role in agricultural machinery and equipment, which is to ensure that they perform properly. Designing of food processing plants and supervise the respective manufacturing operations.
Q: What is the work of an agricultural engineer?
- Agricultural Machinery & Structural Design
- Waste Management
- Agricultural Resource Management
- Agricultural Technology