Biotechnology Engineering is a branch of engineering which is the combination of biology, technology, and engineering. It teaches one to use living organisms/biological systems with engineering, medicine, technology, and other products for the benefit of human survival or living. The course includes subjects other than biologies like physics, chemistry, mathematics, and topics like embryology, biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, genetic engineering, tissue culture, etc. Basically, it is a kind of research study done on the activities of living organisms combining it with other technologies. Discovering the cure for a certain disease, preventing crops from getting damaged using advanced methods- all this will be impossible without these people. It can be divided into two types- Core Biotechnology (BT) and Food Technology (FT). Biotechnology is also considered as the life science industry due to its need and importance in modern biological science, technology, and drugs.
For Diploma: Admission for Diploma in Biotechnology is done by various State-Level entrance exams or by directly on the basis of merit list in 10th and +2.
For B.E/B.TECH: Eligible candidates are admitted for B.E/B.TECH in Biotechnology through entrance exams such as JEE Main, VITEEE. Entrance exams are conducted on a national level, state level, and university level. Cut-off marks for admission vary from college to college.
For M.E/M.TECH: Candidates eligible to pursue this course go through entrance exams such as GATE. Good performance in entrance exams is followed by a round of personal interviews and counseling by the institution.
For Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering:
It can be 2 years or 3 years depending on the institute. The subjects of study are:
|Introductory Biological Chemistry
||Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology
|Cell Biology and Genetics
||Molecular biology laboratory
|Bioenergetics and Bio-membranes
|Animal and Plant Physiology
||Human anatomy laboratory
|Bio-statistics and computer
|Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
||Environmental toxicology laboratory
|Animal & Plant Biotechnology
For B.E/B.Tech in Biotechnology Engineering:
It is of 4 years comprising 8 semesters.
||Biology for Engineers
||Principles of Environmental Science
|Basic Engineering I
|| Basic Engineering II
|| Electronic Devices
|Workshop practice/Engineering Graphics
||Probability and Random Process
|Engineering Mechanics and Fluid Mechanics
||Linear Integrated Circuits
||Sensors and Measuring Techniques
||Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology
|Circuits & Networks
||Signals and Systems
||Bio Analytical Techniques
|Electric and Electronic Circuits Lab
||Linear Integrated Circuits Lab
|Digital Systems Lab
||Sensors and Measurements Lab
|Engineering Economics and Management
||Medical Imaging Techniques
|Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
||Basic Pathology and Basic Microbiology
||Biomaterials and Artificial Organs
|Introduction to Medical Physics
||Diagnostic Ultrasound in Medicine
|Principles of Communication Engineering
||Bio- Signal Processing Lab
|Microprocessor and Microcontroller Lab
||Pathology and Microbiology Lab
|Biomedical Instrumentation Lab
|Industrial Training I
|Medical Image Processing
|Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment
|Medical Image Processing Lab
|Virtual Instrumentation Lab
|Industrial Training II
M.Tech in Biotechnology Engineering:
This course is of 2 years and 4 semesters duration. The subjects of study are:
|Bio-molecules & Biotechnology
||Environmental Engg. and Waste Management
|Bioprocess Engineering & Technology
||LAB I (Bio-molecules and Microbial Biotechnology Lab)
||LAB II (Bioprocess Engineering and Technology Lab)
Q: Is biology necessary for biotechnology engineering?
A: Yes, biology is a must for pursuing a Career in Biotechnology. You must take biology in 12th as a core subject along with physics and chemistry. Mathematics is optional for Biotechnology Engineering.
Q: Is there a demand for biotechnology?
A: Biotechnology is a booming career. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has projected the most likely jobs to be in demand from 2014 to 2024, and many of them are big in the life science and biopharma industries.
Q: What do biotechnologists do?
A: Biotechnologists may work for laboratories in the pharmaceutical industry or elsewhere, or for public institutions, including universities and organizations such as the National Institutes of Health. Biotechnology Research Scientists often investigate the DNA and RNA of bacteria and viruses, as well as the genetic makeup of animals, plants, and people.
Q: What is the average salary after completing Biotechnology Engineering:
A: The average salary ranges from 3 - 15 lakh rupees per annum depending upon job position.
Q: What is the basic eligibility criteria for M.Tech in Biotechnology?
A: The basic eligibility requires candidates to have a B.E./B.Tech in Biotechnology or B.Pharma or M.Sc. in Biosciences degree with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate is eligible.
Q: What is the admission process of B.Tech in Biotechnology?
A: Eligible candidates are admitted for B.E/B.TECH in Biotechnology through entrance exams such as JEE Main, VITEEE. Entrance exams are conducted on a national level, state level, and university level. Cut-off marks for admission vary from college to college.
Q: What are the job areas after Biotechnology Engineering?
A: The job areas include: National Botanical Institute Colleges & Universities, Cellular and Molecular Biology Centres, National Chemical Laboratory, Central Aromatic Plants Institute, Tata Energy Research Institute, etc.