Biotechnology Engineering is a branch of engineering which is the combination of biology, technology, and engineering. It teaches one to use living organisms/biological systems with engineering, medicine, technology, and other products for the benefit of human survival or living. The course includes subjects other than biology like physics, chemistry, mathematics, and topics like embryology, biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, genetic engineering, tissue culture, etc. Basically, it is a kind of research study done on the activities of living organisms combining it with other technologies. Discovering the cure for a certain disease, preventing crops from getting damaged using advanced methods- all this will be impossible without these people. It can be divided into two types- Core Biotechnology (BT) and Food Technology (FT). Biotechnology is also considered as the life science industry due to its need and importance in modern biological science, technology, and drugs.
Areas of Specialization:
- Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology
- Environmental and bio-based technology
- Food biotechnology
- Process technology
- Medical Biotechnology
Courses & Eligibility
|Diploma||3 years||Must have passed 10th or +2 with a minimum mark of 50% in the science stream.||State-Level Entrance Exam|
|B.E/B.TECH||4 years||Candidates should have completed 10th and +2 with a minimum aggregate mark of 50% with physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology as core subjects.||JEE, VITEEE|
|M.E/M.TECH||2 years||Candidates who have a B.E./B.Tech in Biotechnology or B.Pharma or M.Sc. in Biosciences degree with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate is eligible.||GATE, IIT JAM|
- Abbott Laboratories
- Hindustan Antibiotics
- India Vaccines Corporation
- Biocon India Ltd
- Hindustan Lever Ltd
- Indo-American Hybrid seeds
- Johnson & Johnson
- Bristol-Myers Squibb India Pvt. Ltd.
- Pfizer India
- Baxter India Pvt. Ltd.
For Diploma: Admission for Diploma in Biotechnology is done by various State-Level entrance exams or by directly on the basis of merit list in 10th and +2.
For B.E/B.TECH: Eligible candidates are admitted for B.E/B.TECH in Biotechnology through entrance exams. Entrance exams are conducted on a national level, state level, and university level. Cut-off marks for admission vary from college to college.
For M.E/M.TECH: Candidates eligible to pursue this course go through entrance exams. Good performance in entrance exams is followed by a round of personal interviews and counseling by the institution.
Important subjects taught in Biotechnology Engineering are:
- Environmental Biotechnology
- Exercises in Advanced Biological Chemistry
- Cell Biology
- Genetic Engineering
- Plant Biotechnology
- Principles of Bacteriology and Virology
- Animal Biotechnology
- Bioprocess Principles
- Medical Biotechnology
- Advanced Genetics
- Biochemical and biophysical techniques
- Communication Skills
- Basic Lab Skills
- Problem Solving Skills
- Analyzing and Interpreting skills
- Basic Technical and Computer Knowledge
- Leadership Qualities
Careers and Job Prospects
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary Per Annum|
|Biotechnology Researcher||They may work for laboratories in the pharmaceutical industry or elsewhere, or for public institutions, including universities and organizations such as the National Institutes of Health. Biotechnology Research Scientists often investigate the DNA and RNA of bacteria and viruses, as well as the genetic makeup of animals, plants, and people.||4 - 6 lakhs|
|Biotechnologist||Entry-level biotechnologists can work as research technicians. They set up instruments and laboratory equipment used to conduct and monitor experiments such as centrifuges, flasks, and spectrophotometers. Senior biotechnologists design research studies, analyze data and develop procedures.||5 - 6 lakhs|
|Biochemist||They plan and conduct experiments to isolate, quantify and analyze hormones, enzymes, and toxins, and to determine the effects of substances like drugs, food, and toxins on biological processes.||3 - 4 lakhs|
|Research Scientist||Research scientists are responsible for designing, undertaking and analyzing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments and trials. You could work for government laboratories, environmental organizations, specialist research organizations or universities.||8 - 10 lakhs|
|Biotechnology patent analyst ||Patent analysts review potential patent applications. They may also work for companies that are developing products and may assess proposed products to determine whether or not they could be patented.||5 - 6 lakhs|
Question: Is biology necessary for biotechnology engineering?
Answer: Yes, biology is must for pursuing a Career in Biotechnology. You must take biology in 12th as a core subject along with physics and chemistry. Mathematics is optional for Biotechnology Engineering.
Question: Is there a demand for biotechnology?
Answer: Biotechnology is a booming career. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has projected the most likely jobs to be in demand from 2014 to 2024, and many of them are big in the life science and biopharma industries.