Agriculture is the largest participant in the Indian economy. This branch of engineering deals with the study of the agricultural processes, technological practices in food processing and efficient production of food. Agricultural Engineering also combines with the knowledge of animal biology, plant biology, also with principles of mechanical, electrical, civil and chemical engineering. The study of Agricultural Engineering is based on the study of the application of technology in land resource planning, production of crops, irrigation, dairy farming, etc.
|Duration|| 4 years|
|Area of Expertise|| Agricultural machinery and equipment, agricultural structures, resource management, surveying and land profiling. Soil management, erosion control, seeding, tillage etc.|
|For B.TECH||4 years||should have passed 10+2 in science stream with minimum 50% marks||ICAR AIEEA, OUAT CET, EAMCET|
|For M.TECH||2 years||A bachelor's degree in Agricultural Engineering along with a good score in the entrance test||GATE|
Some of the finest Organizations that recruit an Agricultural Engineer are:
- Advanta Limited
- Godrej Agrovet Limited
- Lamken India Agro Equipment Pvt. Ltd.
- Monsanto Holding Pvt. Ltd.
- National Agro Industry
- Nuziveedu Seeds Pvt. Ltd.
- Poabs Organic Estates
- Rallies India Limited
In order to get admitted into B.E or B.TECH of Agriculture, various entrance exams are conducted by different universities. Only after one is eligible for the criteria, a good score in entrance exam is needed to pursue Agricultural Engineering. The next process comprises of counseling, which is done by the university followed by admission.
Lateral Entry: Lateral entry gets you admitted into the second year of engineering for which you need to complete diploma in Engineering/Technology or BSc with the required marks as per university criteria.
Like every engineering course, this also comprises of 8 semesters.
|Semester I||Semester II||Semester III||Semester IV|
|English||Introduction To Computing||Computer Programming(C, C++)||Hydrology|
|Engineering Chemistry||Environment And Ecology||Material Science||Soil Mechanics|
|Engineering Physics I||Engineering Physics II||Strength Of Materials||I.C Engines|
|Mathematics I||Mathematics II||Fluid Mechanics||Kinematics And Dynamics|
|Engineering Mechanics||Engineering Thermodynamics||Soil Science||Electrical Machines|
|Basic Electrical Engineering||Basic Electronics||Mathematics III||Crop Production|
|Chemistry/Physics Lab||Basic Electronics Lab||Fluid Mechanics(Practical)||Hydrology(Practical)|
|Electrical Lab||Computer Programming Lab||Material Science(Practical)||I.C Engines Lab|
|Engineering Graphics I||Engineering Graphics II||Computer Programming Lab||Electrical Machines Lab|
|Workshop Practice I||Workshop Practice II||Soil Science Lab||Kinematics And Dynamics Lab|
|Semester V||Semester VI||Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Management science||Pumps engineering and hydraulic control (theory and lab)||Agriculture and environment engineering (theory and lab)||Drainage engineering|
|Surveying and leveling(theory and lab)||Ground water and well engineering (theory and lab)||Tractors and power units (theory and lab)||Food products and process technology|
|Agricultural structures & rural engineering (theory and lab)||Irrigation engineering(theory and lab)||Dairy and food processing operations (theory and lab)||Instrumentation and control engineering in agriculture|
|Post harvesting engineering (theory and lab)||Farm machinery (theory and lab)||Open elective||Professional elective II|
|Soil and water conservation engineering||Refrigeration and air conditioning (theory and lab)||Profession elective I||Professional elective III|
|Building materials and structural design (theory and lab)||Machine design||Project I||Project II|
- Agriculture is the backbone of our nation. So pursuing a career in this field has a bright future. B.tech in agriculture is one of them. Even if you are eligible and get admitted into this course, there should be few skillsets you should be having which can come in handy. Skills like:
- Analytical skills: One must analyze the needs of complex systems that involves workers, crops, animals, machinery, equipment and the environment.
- Communication skills: Agricultural Engineer must understand the needs of clients, workers and others who are working on the project. They must communicate about the thoughts, problems, and solutions about the systems they have been working on.
- Math skills: An Agricultural engineer must know the use of calculus, trigonometry and other mathematical theories in order to analyze, design and troubleshoot.
After you have fulfilled the eligibility criteria, there are numerous entrance exams you can give to get admitted, few of them are:
- All India Engineering Entrance Examination(AIEEE)
- Indian Institute Of Technology Joint Entrance Exam
- Joint Admission Test
- Common Entrance Test (Delhi, Maharashtra, Punjab, Gujarat, Haryana)
- Combined Entrance Competitive Exams (Jharkhand, Bihar, Delhi)
- Kerala Engineering Agricultural Medical (KEAM)
There are excellent career opportunities in agricultural sector in India with graduates having ample options in their hand.
Apart from joining manufacturing industries, they can also opt for water resource management, mining, forestry, food processing, rural development, machine development and many more. Agricultural Engineers can also work in NGOs under various projects.
Few job types of an Agricultural Engineer are:
- Agricultural And Food Scientists
- Conservation Scientists And Foresters
- Environmental Engineers
- Agricultural Managers (Farm, Process)
- Soil Scientist
- Agricultural Inspector
Q: What are the various fields an Agricultural Engineer works?
A: Agricultural Engineers work in various sectors such as forestry, food processing, farming etc. They work on very wide range of projects. Some Agricultural Engineers work to develop climate control systems that increase the comfort and productivity of the livestock whereas others work to increase the storage capacity and efficiency of refrigeration.
Q: what type of environment does an Agricultural Engineer works in?
A: An Agricultural Engineer normally works in an office but may work at variety of worksites, both indoor and outdoor. They may travel to the agricultural sites to see the equipment and machinery working according to manufacturer’s and state’s regulations. While some engineers work in laboratories to test the quality of the processing equipment, others may work at onsite where they supervise facility upgrades or water resource management projects.