Mining engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with extraction and mining of metals and resources from under the earth’s surface. The process includes mining digging, extracting, processing, testing and developing of machines or techniques related to mining and supervising the mining of underground materials. It also includes safety process, checking of the equipment used, ensuring and checking air quality, etc. These people also make sure that the process is completely environment-friendly.
Mining Engineering is the Engineering discipline which applies technology and science to extract the minerals from the earth. Mining engineering is also associated with other disciplines like mineral processing, geology, metallurgy, and geotechnical engineering and surveying and exploration. The Mining Engineer manages the phases of mining operations which are from the exploration and discovery of mineral and the resource to the feasibility study, mine design and development of the plans, productions and the operations to the resp[ective mine closure.
|Duration of the Course|
|Examination Type||Semester and Annual|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM combinations|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exam and Merit Based|
Courses & Eligibility
|Diploma||3 years||Candidates should have passed their X or XII class with a minimum of 50% aggregate mark in Science stream from any recognized Institution.||State-level Entrance Exam|
|B.E/B.TECH||4 years||Candidates should have passed their 10, +2 or equivalent examination in Science stream from any recognized Institution with at least 50% marks in aggregate. 3-year Diploma Holder candidates are also eligible.||JEE Main, OJEE|
|M.E/M.TECH||2 years||The eligibility for this course is either a B.E Degree or a B. Tech. Degree with a minimum of 45% to 50% marks in Mining Engineering or any equivalent degree by a recognized university.||GATE|
Few well-known government sector companies include:
- GSI (Geological Survey of India)
The government operated mining firms includes
- Coal India
- Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals
- Odisha Mining Corporation
- Tamil Nadu Minerals Limited
- Tamil Nadu Minerals Limited
- GMDC (Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation)
When we come to the private sectors the companies which offer jobs are:
- Mining Companies
- Mineral Processing Companies
- Mineral Production Companies
- TATA Steel
Most of the institutes usually have the 'direct admission' or 'merit-based admission' process. Interested aspirants need to approach the institute and fill up the admission form. Seats will be allocated to the deserving students basing on the marks scored by them in 10th boards, usually considering the Mathematics and Science subjects.
Aspiring candidates can apply for JEE Main for the admission in undergraduate engineering courses. For the admission in IITs or NITs, it is must for the candidate to qualify JEE Advanced exams. For the Master's Courses in engineering, students need to clear the GATE examination which is conducted once in a year.
Mining engineers need at least a bachelor's degree to search for a job and many research positions require a master's degree or doctorate. Some of the courses which the student need to cover are a mining operation, geology, mine design, metallurgy, and environmental reclamation. Geology, physics, chemistry, environmental studies, mathematics, and economics are the fundamentals of mining engineering studies. Coursework can include rock fragmentation and mechanics, mine design, mine ventilation, surveying, mineral processing, and resource law. Few subjects which fall into this are:
- Rock Mechanics
- Mine Planning
- Materials Handling
- Drilling and Blasting
- Minerals Processing
- Ore Reserve Analysis
- Industrial Management
- Mine Cost Engineering
- Mine Health and Safety
- Environmental Aspects of Mining
- Design of Engineering Structures
Mining and geological engineers typically do the following:
- Design open-pit and underground mines
- Supervise the making and construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground operation area fields.
- Devise methods for transporting minerals to processing plants
- Prepare technical reports for miners, engineers, and managers
- Monitor production to assess the effectiveness of operations.provide solutions to the problems related to land reclamation, water and to the air pollution and its sustainability.
- Ensure that mining operations are safe and sound with the environment.
Mining engineers and geological engineers should also possess the following specific qualities:
- Decision-making skills
- Analytical skills
- Logical-thinking skills
- Math skills
- Problem-solving skills
- Writing skills
Top Entrances for Mining Engineering
Career & Job Prospects
Average Salary per Annum
|Mining Engineer||Mining Engineer is responsible to extract underground resources for example metals, minerals, gas, and oil are extracted safely as well as efficiently. They are also responsible to produce models and plans for reasonable mining sites.||6 - 7 lakhs|
|Lead Engineer||Lead Engineer is responsible to manage the product development department’s tasks with proficient scope. These projects are generally multi-stream or complex in nature. They additionally maintain and develop a project budget that includes tooling, parts and external professional services for assign tasks.||7 - 8 lakhs|
|Site Manager||Site Manager is responsible to oversee operations on a daily basis, and assure the work is completed safely on time and inside the budget and with a good quality standard.||8 - 9 lakhs|
|Deputy Manager||Deputy Manager is responsible to motivate staff, handle managerial or administrative responsibilities, and performs human resource assignments for example; hiring and assessing staff performance. ||9 lakhs|
Ques: Is mining engineering dangerous?
Ans: Mining Engineering is not dangerous, it's an adventures job, in which you may work beyond 1000m from the surface which has a very cool environment than Air conditioner at the home. Had in the early 19th-century answer would be yes. But with stringent safety laws in vogue in almost all the countries, the profession of Mining is not dangerous.
Ques: Where do mining engineers work?
Ans: Mining engineers work mostly in mining operations in remote locations. Some mining engineers work in sand and gravel operations located near large cities. They may work their way up to office positions in mining firms or consulting companies, which are usually located near large metropolitan areas.