Genetics and Plant Breeding: Courses, Admission, Colleges

Genetics and Plant Breeding is a division of Agriculture courses. Plant breeding is the application of genetics and related sciences to improve cultivated plant species. It is used to develop new varieties of agronomic, vegetable, horticultural, and ornamental crops that better meet the needs of modern living. After completing a degree, in Genetics and Plant, breeding students will have gained fundamental knowledge in plant breeding that may be applied to a range of crops including annual and perennial horticultural crops, agronomic food, and feed crops, and forestry products. Courses in Genetics and Plant Breeding include:

  • Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding)
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) Genetics & Plant Breeding


Highlights


Course NameGenetics and Plant Breeding
Course Level

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding)

M.Sc (Agriculture) Genetics & Plant Breeding

Duration

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding): 3 Years

M.Sc (Agriculture) Genetics & Plant Breeding): 2 Years

Admission ProcessMany Institutions have their own entrances. Some institutions provide direct admission
Top Recruiting Companies
Educational Institutes, Plant Breeding Centres, Genetic Engineering Firms, Nurseries, Agriculture Departments, Biotechnology Companies
Job Positions
Corn Breeder, Plant Breeder, Agronomist, Conversion Centre Manager, Research Associate/Senior Research Fellow,  Launch & Support Specialist



Eligibility


Course LevelEligibility
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding) 
  • Aspiring students should have passed 12th class/HSC/10+2 or equivalent level of exam from any recognized school board.
  • In the reputed institutes, there is an entrance test for admission
M.Sc (Agriculture Genetics & Plant Breeding)
  • Candidates must have pursued graduation with a minimum of 50% marks in order to take admission in M.Sc. courses like 
  • Agriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Forestry
  • Biology
  • Admission for some colleges is done on the basis of entrance exams



Top Recruiters

  • Educational Institutes
  • Plant Breeding Centres
  • Genetic Engineering Firms
  • Nurseries
  • Agriculture Departments
  • Biotechnology Companies


Admission Process

One can apply for the course in Genetics and Plant Breeding after clearing the 10+2 examination with PCB/PCM/PCMB group (Career options after 12th). Various Universities/institutions conduct their own entrance examination for providing admission. The admission is merit-based direct admission. But there are some universities/colleges that have their own counseling round after the entrance examination.

Syllabus Course

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding)

Introduction to Genetics
Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Mendelian Principles of Heredity
Study of Chromosome Structure, Multiple Alleles, Pleiotropism and Pseudoalleles and Blood Group Genetics
Linkage and Its Estimation, Crossing Over Mechanisms, Chromosome Mapping
Sex Determination and Sex Linkage, Sex Limited, and Sex Influenced Traits
Qualitative and Quantitative Traits, Polygenes and Continuous Variations, Multiple Factor Hypothesis
Cytoplasmic Inheritance
Mutation- Classification, Methods Inducing Mutation and CIB Technique, Mutagenic Agents and Induction of Mutation
Structural and Numerical Changes in Chromosome; Nature, Structure and Replication of Genetic Material
Protein Synthesis- Transcription and Translational Mechanism of Genetic Material
Gene Concept- Gene Structure and Functions
Gene Regulation- Lac and TRP operons (Practical)


Practical

Study of Microscope
Study of Cell Structure and Functions
Practice on Mitotic and Meiotic Cell Division
Experiments on Monohybrid, Dihybrid, Trihybrid, Back Cross and Test Cross
Chi-Square Test, Epistatic Interactions
Determination of Linkage and Cross Over Analysis (Through Two-Point Test Cross and Three-Point Test Cross-Data)

M.Sc. (Agriculture) – Genetics and Plant Breeding 

FIRST SEMESTER

PRINCIPLES OF GENETICS 
PRINCIPLES OF CYTOGENETICS
PRINCIPLES OF PLANT BREEDING
STATISTICAL METHODS
PRACTICAL (ALL PAPERS)

SECOND SEMESTER 

PRINCIPLES OF QUANTITATIVE GENETICS 
MUTAGENESIS AND MUTATION BREEDING
CELL BIOLOGY AND MOLECULAR GENETICS 
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS
PRACTICAL (ALL PAPERS) 

THIRD SEMESTER 

 BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT
BREEDING FOR BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC STRESS RESISTANCE
BREEDING CEREALS, SUGARCANE 
BREEDING CEREALS, SUGARCANE, LEGUMES, OILSEEDS AND FIBRE CROPS
HETEROSIS BREEDING 
PRACTICAL (ALL PAPERS)

FOURTH SEMESTER 

MAINTENANCE BREEDING, CONCEPTS OF VARIETY RELEASE AND SEED PRODUCTION
 THESIS (THESIS EVALUATION)
SEMINAR 
(Special Paper-I) (CONSERVATION& UTILIZATION OF PLANT GENETICS RESOURCES)
(Special Paper-II) (PLANT BREEDING PERSPECTIVE) 


Skills Required

  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Observational Skill
  • Organization & Time Management
  • Presentation Skills
  • Scientific aptitude
  • Patience
  • Physical fitness
  • Stamina
  • Decision-making ability
  • Ability to work for long hour
  • Research skills
  • Observation skills
  • Hard work
  • Organizational skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Confidence
  • Leadership skills
  • Communication skills


Top Entrances


Career


Career ProfilesJob DescriptionAverage Salary per year
Corn Breeder
He / She must manage multiple corn breeding programs in multiple geographies. Develop a breeding portfolio to deliver differentiating products.
Rs 9,30,000
Plant Breeder
Plant breeders (also known as geneticists) undertake scientific research into plant and crop-based agriculture with the aim of improving plant breeding techniques and developing new strains of crops.
Rs 7,64,493
Agronomist
Agronomists study soil, plants, seeds, and products to better understand crop needs and develop more effective and efficient farming practices. They conduct research, take and test samples, and solve complex problems
Rs 5,56,763
Conversion Centre Manager
The manager is an employee who is responsible for planning, directing and overseeing the operations and fiscal health of a business unit, division, department, or an operating unit within an organization. 
Rs 5,19,000
Research Associate/Senior Research Fellow
Research associates help companies increase workload and improve products. They gather data, design tests and help ensure that information is being properly recorded and assessed.
Rs 6,06,111
Launch & Support Specialist
Support customers post-launch and pre-launch activities
 Rs 3,85,000


FAQ's


Q: What is Genetic and Plant Breeding?

A: Genetics and Plant Breeding is a division of Agriculture courses. Plant breeding is the application of genetics and related sciences to improve cultivated plant species. It is used to develop new varieties of agronomic, vegetable, horticultural, and ornamental crops that better meet the needs of modern living. 


Q: What is the minimum eligibility for a degree in Genetic and Plant Breeding?

A: The minimum eligibility is mentioned below:

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding) 

  • Aspiring students should have passed 12th class/HSC/10+2 or equivalent level of exam from any recognized school board.
  • In the reputed institutes, there is an entrance test for admission

M.Sc (Agriculture Genetics & Plant Breeding)

  • Candidates must have pursued graduation with a minimum of 50% marks in order to take admission in M.Sc. courses like 
  • Agriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Forestry
  • Biology
  • Admission for some colleges is done on the basis of entrance exams


Q: What is the duration of a degree in Genetic and Plant Breeding?

A: The duration of a degree in Genetic and Plant Breeding is mentioned below:

  • Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (Genetics and Plant Breeding): 3 Years
  • M.Sc (Agriculture) Genetics & Plant Breeding): 2 Years 


Q: Who are the top recruiters in the field of Genetics and Plant Breeding?

A: The top recruiters are mentioned below:

  • Educational Institutes
  • Plant Breeding Centres
  • Genetic Engineering Firms
  • Nurseries
  • Agriculture Departments
  • Biotechnology Companies


Q: What are the top colleges providing the course of Genetics and Plant Breeding 

A: The Top Colleges are mentioned below:

  1. Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  2. Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology (OUAT)
  3. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)
  4. Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER)

For more information check the College section


Q: What are the top entrances for a degree in Genetics ad Plant Engineering?

A: The top entrances are mentioned below:

  • IIT JAM
  • NIPER JEE
  • PGIMER


Q:  What are the top career profiles associated with the field of Genetics and Plant Breeding?

A: The top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Corn Breeder
  • Plant Breeder
  • Agronomist
  • Conversion Centre Manager
  • Research Associate/Senior Research Fellow


Q: What is the admission process for a degree in Genetics and Plant Breeding?

A: The admission process is mentioned below:

One can apply for the course in Genetics and Plant Breeding after clearing the 10+2 examination with PCB/PCM/PCMB group (Career options after 12th). Various Universities/institutions conduct their own entrance examination for providing admission. The admission is merit-based direct admission. But there are some universities/colleges that have their own counseling round after the entrance examination.


Q:  What are the skills required for a degree in Genetics and Plant Breeding?

A: The important skills are mentioned below:

  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Observational Skill
  • Organization & Time Management
  • Presentation Skills
  • Scientific aptitude
  • Patience


Q: What is the average salary of an employee with a degree in Genetics and Plant Breeding

A: Any person with a degree in Genetics and Plant Breeding can earn on an average of Rs 3.5 Lakhs per year depending on the organization he/she is working for, and the experience of the person


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