Radiography and Imaging Technology: Courses, Career Scope, Eligibility

Radiology and Imaging Technology is the technique and process used to create images of the internal pictures of the human body or parts and function thereof for clinical purposes (medical procedures seeking to reveal/diagnose or examine disease) or medical science including the study of normal anatomy and physiology. Although imaging of removed organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons, such procedures are not usually referred to as medical imaging, but rather are a part of the pathology. Students will get through training about the use of radiographic equipment, learn how to position patients to get the best images and learn to critique images. Students will develop knowledge and skills such as anatomy and physiology, examination techniques, patient care, professionalism, radiation safety and protection and x-ray equipment.

Courses in Radiography and Imaging Technology Include:

  1. B.Sc in Radiography and Imaging Technology
  2. Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology
  3. Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology


Name of the Course
 Radiology and Imaging Technology
Course Level
  • B.Sc in Radiography and Imaging Technology
  • Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology

  1. B.Sc in Radiography and Imaging Technology - 3 Years
  2. Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology - 2 Years
  3. Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology - 2 Years

Admission Process
  • Many Institutions have their own entrances.
  • Some institutions provide direct admission
  • There some Institutes who accept the scorecard of National level entrances like NEET
Average Course Fee
Rs 60,000 - Rs 200,000
Top Recruiting Companies
Healthcare environments including hospitals, physician practices, integrative healthcare clinics, public health clinics, college health centers, natural apothecaries, and in settings that care for military veterans
Job Positions
Lead Medical Image Analysis Scientist, Radiographer, MRI Technologist, Professors, Medical Image Analysis Scientist


Course Eligibility Criteria
B.Sc. in Medical Radiography & Imaging Technology
  • Successful completion of the 10+2 level of education in the Science stream, completed from a recognized university.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at the 10+2 level.

Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology

  • Candidates should have passed 10+2 with minimum 45% marks in aggregate or any other equivalent qualification.
  • Some of the very reputed institutes conduct an entrance examination for admission
Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology
Candidates should have completed graduation with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university board

Top Recruiters

  • Hospitals
  • Medical Laboratories
  • Diagnosis Centres
  • Physiotherapy Clinics
  • Defense Organisations (Medical Field only)
  • Nursing Homes

Admission Process

1. A few institutes offering the course also conduct their own entrance examinations for candidates’ assessment. Also, some Indian universities offer admission to the course on the basis of the merit obtained by the candidates in the last qualifying exam and do not usually hold entrance tests for online education.

2. For admission to the Radiography course, candidates are needed to qualify for a relevant entrance exam such as NEET-UGNEET-PG, AIIMS PG, AP EAMCETPGIMER and JIPMER

Syllabus Course

B.Sc. in Medical Radiography & Imaging Technology

Year I

Fundamentals of Medical Imaging RadiotherapyFoundation English
Fundamentals of Computers
Basics Radiation Physics
Anatomy (Practical)Physiology (Practical)
Fundamental of Medical Imaging & Radiotherapy (Practical)
Hospital Postings

Year II

Advanced Radiographic Techniques
Radiation Physics & Radiation Protection
Equipment of Radiotherapy
Special Radiographic Technique & Procedures
Medical Biochemistry
Advanced Radiographic Techniques (Practical)
Special Radiographic Technique (Practical)
Medical Biochemistry (Practical)
Hospital Postings

Year III

Radiotherapy Planning and Quality Control
Equipment of Radio Diagnosis
Interventional Radiology & Drugs used in Diagnostic Radiology
Radiotherapy & Brachytherapy Techniques in Malignant and Non-Malignant Diseases
Orientation in Para-Clinical Sciences
Orientation in Clinical Sciences
Community Healthcare
Radiotherapy Planning and Quality Control (Practical)
Equipment of Radio Diagnosis (Practical)
Interventional Radiology & Drugs used in Diagnostic Radiology (Practical)
Hospital Postings

Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology

Year I (Ist and 2nd Sem)

Basic Human sciences (Anatomy, physiology, pathology)
Communicative English
Computer application
Radiation Physics
Hospital practice and care of the patient
Equipment of radio diagnostic radiography
Radiographic technique
Radiographic photography & darkroom technique
First Aid
Radiation Protection

Year II (3rd and 4th Sem)

Computed Tomography
Magnetic resonance Imaging
Nuclear medicine
Cath Lab
Special Procedures & the use of contrast media
Administration and management
Revision and internal examination
Project work /Dissertation
Practical and demonstration will be done based on a theory

Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology

Sem. I

Anatomy & Physiology
General Physics & Radiation Physics
Physics of Diagnostic Radiology and Dark Room Technique
Total Quality Management
Radiographic Technique

Sem. II

Advanced Imaging and Dark Room Technique
Instrumentation of Radiology Equipments
Nuclear Medicine and Interventional Radiology
Care of Patient in Diagnostic Radiology
Statistics and Computer Science

Skills Required

  • Aptitude for conducting research.
  • Speed and accuracy.
  • Ability to handle stress, analytical judgment.
  • Proficiency in interpreting technical/ scientific data.
  • Knowledge of laboratory instruments, mechanical ability.
  • An eye for detail.
  • Agility and patience, as they may need to work a good deal of time, often standing for hours

These executives are most probably and likely to have a deal of responsibility early and are required to manage their time and their respective duties. They also have to keep up to date with health and safety guidelines, including ionizing radiation regulations, to protect from radiation and manage referrals to ensure patients receive a radiation dose as low as reasonably possible


Job ProfileJob DescriptionSalary per Year
Lead Medical Image Analysis Scientist
Essential Responsibilities: This role requires proven expertise in medical image analysis demonstrated through relevant publications and addressing different clinical problems. In particular the individual is expected to develop and/or reuse existing algorithms in 3D image registration, image segmentation, quantification and classification for CT. The person is expected to possess strong background in image analysis with proven track record evidenced through high quality publications
7 Lakhs - 28 Lakhs
Radiology technicians, technologists, and sonographers fall within the broad scope of a radiography profession. Using radiation in the form of x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound, radiographers assess, diagnose, and treat patients for a variety of injuries and diseases. Often part of a medical or surgical team, radiographers are typically involved in initial patient evaluation and testing, providing diagnostic and evidentiary data for physicians.
Rs 3 Lakhs - 7 Lakhs
MRI Technologist
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologist administers image scans on patients to produce quality images of designated areas of the body. They operate an MRI scanner, which takes several cross-sectional scans and combines them into one to form a 3-dimensional image that assists doctors in diagnosis and treatment of patients. This position involves direct contact with patients, including interviewing them, explaining the scanning process and positioning them on the examining table.
Rs 4.8 Lakhs - 19 Lakhs 
Radiology Assistant
Radiologist Assistants perform advanced techniques to investigate disorders. They help Radiologists in complex radiology procedures and perform fluoroscopy under his supervision. They are a channel between the radiology department and the physician. Venous diagnostic exams and feeding tube installation are the other duties.
Rs 5.6 Lakhs - 9 Lakhs
CT Tech/ CAT Scan Technologist
CT Tech is responsible for producing computerized tomographic scans of certain sections of the patient’s body. CAT Scan Technologists perform abdominal scans, gynecological and obstetric scans, ultrasound examinations, as well as retroperitoneal scans to create three-dimensional cross-sections or slices of the body.
Rs 3,06,782
Radiologists are specialist physicians who utilize a wide array of advanced techniques in medical imaging to diagnose and, in certain cases, treat patients with all types of illness. These imaging modalities include X-rays, ultrasound, CT, and MRI examinations. Like all physicians, Radiologists have completed medical school and have obtained their MD degrees.
Rs 18,67,730


Q: Who is a Radiographer?

A: A professional who works directly with patients in performing radiographic diagnostic procedures and provides physicians with medical diagnostic information

Q: What is the difference between a radiologist and a radiographer? 

A: Radiologist: A radiologist is a doctor who is specially trained to interpret diagnostic images such as X-rays, MRI, and CT scans. If you have an interventional procedure (such as an angiogram or biopsy) a radiologist will perform the procedure 

Radiographer: A radiographer is a person who has been trained to take your X-ray or perform your MRI or CT scan. If a radiographer has been trained to perform an ultrasound, he/she may be called a sonographer.

Q: What is the top career profiles associated with this course?

A: The top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Radiologic Technologist
  • MRI Technician
  • Radiologist

Q: What is the duration of this course?
A:  The duration of the course will extend from 6 months to 3 years depending on the level of degree

Q: What is the educational qualification required for Post Graduate Diploma in Radiography and Imaging Technology

A: The qualification required is mentioned below:

Candidates should have completed graduation with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university board

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field?

A: The top recruiters are 

  • Hospitals
  • Medical Laboratories
  • Diagnosis Centres
  • Physiotherapy Clinics

Q: What is the admission process for Radiography and Imaging Technology?

A: Few colleges accept admission on the basis of merit and some institutions have their own entrances. There are also some national level entrances whose scorecard is accepted by many institutions.

Q: What are the top Entrances for this course?

A: The top entrances are mentioned below:

  • NEET (UG & PG)

Q: What are the top colleges that provide the course of Radiography & Imaging Technology?

A: The top colleges are mentioned below:

Q: What does a Radiologic Technologists do?

A: Radiologic technologists typically do the following:

  • Adjust and maintain imaging equipment
  • Precisely follow orders from physicians on what areas of the body to image
  • Prepare patients for procedures, including taking a medical history and answering questions about the procedure
  • Protect the patient by shielding exposed areas that do not need to be imaged
  • Position the patient and the equipment in order to get the correct image
  • Operate the computerized equipment to take the images


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