Orthopaedics is a medical speciality that focuses on the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of patients with skeletal deformities - disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and skin. The musculoskeletal system includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves. The physician who specializes in this field is called as Orthopaedic surgeons. They use both surgical and non-surgical methods to treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Various disorders like Dislocations and Fractures, Arthritis and osteoporosis, Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, unequal leg lengths, Bone tumours, clubfoot are treated by Orthopaedic surgeons.
The word 'orthopaedic' is the fusion of two Greek words: 'orthos,' meaning straight or correct, and 'paideia', meaning raising of children because many orthopaedic patients are in fact children so the French physician Nicholas Andry combined the terms to form the French 'orthopaedic,' which was later translated into English. Jean-Andre Venel established the first orthopaedic institute in 1780, which was the first hospital dedicated to the treatment of children's skeletal deformities. He is considered to be the father of orthopaedics.
FAQs:Q; How many years does it take to be an Orthopaedic doctor?
A: Becoming an orthopaedic surgeon typically requires eight years of schooling, although some schools offer accelerated programs. The first four years are spent in earning a pre-medical degree. These are a bachelor of science programs designed to meet the prerequisites for admission into a medical or osteopathic college
Q: How do I become a good orthopaedic surgeon?
A: Training and Certification-In order to become an orthopaedic surgeon, you would first need to complete a four-year bachelor's degree program comprised of one year of biology, two years of chemistry, and one year of physics. This would be followed by four years in medical school.