Orthopaedics is a medical speciality that focuses on the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of patients with skeletal deformities - disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and skin. The musculoskeletal system includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves. The physician who specializes in this field is called as Orthopaedic surgeons. They use both surgical and non-surgical methods to treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Various disorders like Dislocations and Fractures, Arthritis and osteoporosis, Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, unequal leg lengths, Bone tumours, clubfoot are treated by Orthopaedic surgeons.
The word 'orthopaedic' is the fusion of two Greek words: 'orthos,' meaning straight or correct, and 'paideia', meaning raising of children because many orthopaedic patients are in fact children so the French physician Nicholas Andry combined the terms to form the French 'orthopaedic,' which was later translated into English. Jean-Andre Venel established the first orthopaedic institute in 1780, which was the first hospital dedicated to the treatment of children's skeletal deformities. He is considered to be the father of orthopaedics.
Orthopedics is a master's program after completing the MBBS. Some medical institutions that provide this specialization course are as follows:
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, [AIIMS] New Delhi
- King George's Medical University, [KGMU] Lucknow
- Armed Forces Medical College, [AFMC] Pune
- Maulana Azad Medical College, [MAMC] New Delhi
- Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, [VMMC] New Delhi
- Stanley Medical College, [SMC] Chennai
- Goa Medical College and Hospital, [GMCAH] North Goa
- Government Medical College, [GMC] Kottayam
- Wound recuperating
- Fracture recuperating
- Rehabilitation after bone and joint wounds
- System reaction to damage
- Diseases of muscle, sinewy tissue and vessels
- Acute injury mind and early administration of harmed
- Diseases of joints
Courses & Eligibility:
|Master Degree||2 years||
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- Private Medical Organisation
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- Earn MBBS degree from a well-recognized medical institution.
- Appear the entrance tests like JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, NEET PG for taking admission in MD/MS course.
- Choose orthopedics as a specialization in MD/MS.
- Candidates seeking admission in the doctorate level course, are selected on the basis of performance in the qualifying examination and entrance exam. Various Institutions conduct their own entrance test for admission doctoral level courses.
Few topics related to this study are as follows:
- Basic Sciences Related to Locomotors framework.
- Development, histology of bone, ligament, collagen, muscles, and nerve.
- Physiology of bone, cartilage, muscle, and nerve.
- Congenital affections.
- Surgical pathology identified with bones, muscle, collagen, and nerve.
- Different intrinsic affections, ligament, diseases, Tumors, and meek conditions.
- Metabolic affections.
- Orthopedic ailments.
- General standards of Surgery and Traumatology.
Become an Orthopaedician it is very important to keep some needed skills which include:
- A high degree of performing tasks.
- A good hand-eye condition
- Good organizing ability with effective teamwork.
- Good communication skills to deal with patients and their relatives.
- Need a good patience quality to manage and lead the work.
- Ability to work under pressure.
Average Salary per annum
|Orthopaedic Surgeon||The orthopaedic doctor job description includes meeting with patients, ordering diagnostic tests, prescribing medication, ordering physical therapy, setting fractured bones and performing surgery. An orthopaedic surgeon works in clinical and hospital settings||14 lakhs to 20 lakhs|
|Orthopaedic Nurse||Orthopaedic nurse's daily responsibilities may include assessing new patients, monitoring existing patient's conditions, providing treatments such as dressing changes and administering medications as ordered by the physician. Orthopaedic nurses also provide care to patients who have recently undergone surgery||2 lakhs to 4.4 lakhs|
|Orthopaedics Consultant||In addition to examining a patient, an orthopaedic surgeon orders tests, and uses the findings to determine the diagnosis. An orthopaedic surgeon's responsibilities include noninvasive procedures such as immobilizing a fractured bone or performing surgery on a torn ligament||3 to 3.5 lakhs|
|Ophthalmologist||An ophthalmologist is an expert in the diseases, functions and anatomy of the eye. Ophthalmologists may provide routine care such as vision testing and prescribe and fit eyeglasses or contact lenses, but ophthalmologists are also surgeons. They repair traumatic injuries to the eye and perform cataract and corneal surgery.||10 lakhs to 12 lakhs|
|Professor||An orthopaedic surgeon is a physician who has been educated and trained to diagnose and treat injuries, disorders, and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons treat a variety of conditions such as fractures and dislocations, arthritis, and damage to tendons, muscles, and ligaments.||3.5 lakhs to 5 lakhs|
Q; How many years does it take to be an Orthopaedic doctor?
A: Becoming an orthopedic surgeon typically requires eight years of schooling, although some schools offer accelerated programs. The first four years are spent in earning a pre-medical degree. These are a bachelor of science programs designed to meet the prerequisites for admission into a medical or osteopathic college
Q: How do I become a good orthopedic surgeon?
A: Training and Certification-In order to become an orthopedic surgeon, you would first need to complete a four-year bachelor's degree program comprised of one year of biology, two years of chemistry, and one year of physics. This would be followed by four years in medical school.