Nephrology:Course & Eligibility,Top Entrances,Admission Process.

Nephrology is regarded as one of the prominent specializations in the medical course. This specialty of medicine specializes in kidney physiology, kidney disease, the treatment of kidney problems, and renal replacement therapy. All types of problems that result in the failure of kidneys are studied under this course. Kidneys play a vital role in maintaining normal body fluid and electrolyte balance. After successful completion of the degree, a student can become a Nephrologist or a Professor or Researcher. This course deals with kidney disorders including- fluid and electrolyte disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney disease, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, and dialysis.

Top Colleges:

Nephrology is regarded as one of the prominent specializations in the medical course. There are many reputed colleges in India that provide a full-time degree in this subject. Some of the top colleges that provide Nephrology as a course are mentioned below


The Highlights section of Nephrology contains all the details regarding the course in a summarized format for the easy understanding of the students. This section contains brief information regarding the duration of the course, the admission process, eligibility criteria, top recruiters, etc.

Course Level Undergraduate (Bachelor), Masters (Postgraduate), Doctorate
Course Duration

Doctorate: 3 Years

Undergarduate: 4 and a half-year

Master : 3 Years

Examination Type Semester wise
Admission Process Entrance based selection followed by counselling rounds.
Top Recruiters Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Health Care, Research centres, Medical Health Centre, etc
Top Recruiting Companies

Atlas International, Sehat Health Community Services Private Limited, Anri Solutions HR Services Private Limited, Medical colleges and universities, Narayana Medical College, Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd, Apollo  Hospital, ETC

Top Career/Job profiles GI Physician, Endocrinologist, Gerontologist, Consultant Pulmonologists, Hepatologist, etc

Important Topics covered in Nephrology

  • Perform diagnostics and therapeutic interventions.
  • Kidney ailments by relevant therapeutic methods.
  • Research-related activities in Nephrology
  • Advanced level Clinical Training for operations in Kidneys
  • Performing different types of tests of patients across all ages.
  • Attaching electrodes into the patient's body and initiating co-operation before the installation.


Before applying for a degree in Nephrology, applicants have to qualify certain eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria contain some essential qualification requirements like Minimum marks, Minimum degree required, age limit, nationality, entrances, etc. If a candidate is found ineligible, then the registration of the candidate will be canceled. Therefore students are requested to check their eligibility properly before applying. The eligibility criteria of various degrees in Nephrology are mentioned below:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrances
Bachelor Course 4 and 1/2 years
  • Students have the 12th qualification in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology are the major subjects.
  • Candidates have to qualify the medical entrance examination. 



Master Course

MD in General Medicine

3 years 
  • Candidates must have an MBBS degree with a one-year internship duration.
  • Candidates have to qualify the postgraduate entrance exam.



Doctoral course

Doctor of Medicine (DM)

3 years
  • Candidates can apply the DM in Nephrology after completing the MD in General Medicine.
  • Candidates have to get a requisite registration from MCI (Medical Council Of India)



Top Recruiters:

After a degree in Nephrology, students can choose from the numerous promising career oppurtunities provided in this field. Students are generally offered with lucrative job offers  by the Medical Industry. The recruiters in this field search for trained and skilled professionals, as this area of work demands, Good theoritical knowledge, Research ability, etc. Some of the top recruiters of Nephrology in India are mentioned below

  • Atlas International.
  • Sehat Health Community Services Private Limited.
  • Anri Solutions HR Services Private Limited.
  • medical colleges and universities.
  • Narayana Medical College
  • Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd
  • Apollo  Hospital
  • Panacea Biotec Limited
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Claris Lifesciences Limited
  • Research Industries

Admission Process:

Admission into Nephrology in most of the colleges is done on the basis of performance in the national entrance examination like NEET P.G, PGIMER. AIIMS, etc. Only the students who score above or equal to the cut-off will be eligible for the admission process. The merit list of students will be prepared according to the cut-off mark. Many institutions have a Group Discussion stage, yet many institutions directly invite students for the counseling process. However, some institutes carry out their own entrance exams followed by personal interviews and counseling in some cases.

For Bachelor and Master Degree

  • All medical colleges and institutions offer admission on the basis of a national level entrance examination. 
  • Candidates have to qualify the entrance examination.
  • After qualifying the entrance examination students to go through the counseling procedure followed by a personal interview. 

For Doctoral Degree

  • After completing the three years course of MD in  General Medicine in Nephrology, candidates cam requisite registration from MCI (Medical Council of India).
  • After getting permission from the MCI candidates eligible for Doctor of Medicine in Nephrology.


In this section, subject curriculum of a full-time degree in Nephrology is briefly described. Syllabus contains entire course plan for the students. The curriculum/syllabus of Doctor of Medicine in Nephrology is mentioned below:

Assessment of Renal Disease Basics of Kidney
Pharmacology and Drug Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders
Epidemiology and Risk Factors Pediatric Nephrology
Glomerular Disease The Kidney in Systemic Disease
Tubular Disease Chronic Interstitial Disease
Urinary Tract Infection Renal Stone Disease
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Special Problems in CKD Dialysis (Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis)
Renal Transplantation Inherited Renal Disease
Structural and Congenital Abnormalities  

During the last year of the course, students will be assigned to work on a research project. They need to write a thesis about their research and submit the same to at least 3 professors from the department. Students have to complete the research paper 6 months prior to the practical/clinical examinations.

Skills Required:

There are some of the primary skills set requried for a good future in the long run. Not all skills are inherited rather many have endured a long practicing period and then have earned a particular skill set. Some of the important skills required in this field of Nephrology are mentioned below:

  • Critical thinking skills.
  • Thorough attention to detail.
  • Problem-solving capabilities.
  • Compassion.
  • Patience.

Top Entrances:

Students can apply for admission in to a degree in Nephrology, only after qualifying the college based entrance or national based entrance examination. The scorecard of national based entrance examination like NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER, etc is accepted by many top colleges of India.

Caree and Job Prospects:

In the recent times the demand for kidney specialists in India has increased a lot due to the rising number of cases of kidney patients. After completion of the degree a student can work for any dailysis center, clinic, government or private hospital. One can also work for Research Institutions and Medical colleges The career scope in this field can extend overseas depending up on the experience and academic qualification.

Job Post Job Description Average Salary per annum
Nephrologists Nephrologists study and treat kidney conditions. Nephrologists take primary responsibility for a kidney patient's care. 4 lakhs to 8 lakhs
Consultants  Nephrology consultants are medical professionals who diagnose and treat diseases of the kidneys. Although they do not perform transplant surgery, they provide essential post-operative care by determining a course of renal management to prevent further damage and promote a better quality of life  3 lakhs to 7 lakhs
Transplant Nephrologist The transplant surgery is responsible by a urologist, but the nephrologist is responsible for managing the patient's care before and after the surgery, to maximize the likelihood of a successful outcome. 20 lakhs to 24 lakhs
Pediatric Nephrologist If your child has kidney or urinary tract disease, bladder problems, kidney stones, or high blood pressure, a pediatric nephrologist has the special skills and experience to treat your child. Pediatric nephrologists treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centres up to young adulthood. 4 lakhs to 8 lakhs
Nephrology Professor College professors are responsible for preparing course materials and teaching classes to graduate and undergraduate students 12 lakhs to 16 lakhs
Nephrology Surgeon A nephrologist is a medical doctor who specializes in kidney care and treating diseases of the kidneys. They commonly treat chronic kidney disease (CKD), polycystic kidney disease (PKD), acute renal failure, kidney stones and high blood pressure and are educated on all aspects of kidney transplantation and dialysis 4 lakhs to 8 lakhs


Q: Why choose nephrology as a career?
A: Nephrology provides an intellectually stimulating and challenging working environment. Nephrologists have many patients who they will care for over very long periods of time. This continuity of care is important for the quality of care provided (particularly to patients with end-stage renal failure).

Q: How many years does it take to become a nephrologist?
A: In order to become a nephrologist you must first complete a 4 and 1/2 year medical school program (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), followed by a 1-year internship, followed by 3 years master program in Nephrology. 

Q: What are the top colleges providing a degree in nephrology?
A: Some of the top colleges are mentioned below:

Q: What is the eligibility criteria for a degree in nephrology?
A: The eligibility criteria are mentioned below:
Bachelor Course

  • Students have the 12th qualification in the Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology are the major subjects.
  • Candidates have to qualify the medical entrance examination.

MD in General Medicine

  • Candidates must have an MBBS degree with a one-year internship duration.
  • Candidates have to qualify the postgraduate entrance exam.

Doctoral course

  • Candidates can apply the DM in Nephrology after completing the MD in General Medicine.
  • Candidates have to get a requisite registration from MCI (Medical Council Of India)

Q: What are the Top Career Profiles associated with nephrology?
A: Some of the top career profiles are mentioned below:

  • Nephrologists
  • Transplant Nephrologist
  • Nephrology Professor
  • Nephrology Surgeon

Q: What is the duration of a course in nephrology?
A: The duration of the course is mentioned below:

  • Bachelor's course (MBBS): 5 and half-year
  • Postgraduate courses (M.D-Doctorate in Medicine): 3 years
  • Doctoral course): 3 years

Q: What are the important skills required in this field?
A: The important skills are mentioned below:

  • Excellent Communication
  • Multi-tasker
  • Self-motivation
  • Patience
  • Research and teaching

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field of nephrology?
A: Some of the top recruiters are mentioned below:

  • Atlas International.
  • Sehat Health Community Services Private Limited.
  • Anri Solutions HR Services Private Limited.
  • medical colleges and universities.
  • Narayana Medical College
  • Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd
  • Apollo  Hospital

Q: What is the starting salary after a degree in nephrology?
A: It depends on the organization for which the person is working and his/her designation. However, the average starting salary can be around 2-3 lakhs per annum.

Q: What is the admission process in nephrology?
A: Admission in nephrology in most of the colleges is done on the basis of performance in the entrance examination. However, some institutes carry out their own entrance exams followed by personal interviews and counseling in some cases.


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