Nephrology is a speciality of medicine concerned with kidney physiology, kidney disease, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy. Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems are also studied in nephrology. The kidneys are vital for maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrologists deal with kidney disorders including- fluid and electrolyte disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney disease, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease and dialysis.
Q: Why choose nephrology as a career?
A: Nephrology provides an intellectually stimulating and challenging working environment. Nephrologists have many patients who they will care for over very long periods of time. This continuity of care is important for the quality of care provided (particularly to patients with end-stage renal failure).
Q: How many years does it take to become a nephrologist?
A: In order to become a nephrologist you must first complete a 4 and 1/2 years medical school programme (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), followed by a 1-year internship, followed by 3 years master programme in Nephrology.