Nephrology:Course & Eligibility,Top Entrances,Admission Process.

Nephrology is a speciality of medicine concerned with kidney physiology, kidney disease, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy. Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems are also studied in nephrology. The kidneys are vital for maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrologists deal with kidney disorders including- fluid and electrolyte disorders, acid-base disorders, kidney stones, glomerular diseases, mineral metabolism, acute kidney disease, acute renal failure, chronic kidney diseases, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease and dialysis.

Some top Colleges and Institutions provide this Nephrology course which is as follows.


  • Perform diagnostics and therapeutic interventions.
  • Efficiently treat various kidney ailments by relevant therapeutic methods.
  • Carry out research proposals in the Nephrology super-speciality
  • Pursue clinical and or academic Nephrology on an advanced level.
  • Perform a range of different tests across patients of all ages.
  • Perform activities such as attaching electrodes to the patient and encouraging co-operation before the recordings can be made.
  • Professionally function as experts in hospitals and neurological centres.

Course & Eligibility:

Bachelor Course4 and 1/2 years
  • Students have the 12th qualification in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology are the major subjects.
  • Candidates have to qualify the medical entrance examination. 



Master Course

MD in General Medicine

3 years 
  • Candidates must have an MBBS degree with a one-year internship duration.
  • Candidates have to qualify the postgraduate entrance exam.



Doctoral course

Doctor of Medicine (DM)

3 years
  • Candidates can apply the DM in Nephrology after completing the MD in General Medicine.
  • Candidates have to get a requisite registration from MCI (Medical Council Of India)


Top Recruiters:

  • Atlas International.
  • Sehat Health Community Services Private Limited.
  • Anri Solutions HR Services Private Limited.
  • medical colleges and universities.
  • Narayana Medical College
  • Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd
  • Apollo  Hospital
  • Panacea Biotec Limited
  • Max Super Speciality Hospital
  • Claris Lifesciences Limited
  • Research Industries

Admission Process:

For Bachelor and Master Degree-

  • All medical colleges and institutions offer admission on the basis of a national level entrance examination. 
  • Candidates have to qualify the entrance examination.
  • After qualifying the entrance examination students to go through the counselling procedure followed by personal interview. 
  • After completing the three years course of MD in  General Medicine in Nephrology, candidates cam requisite registration from MCI (Medical Council of India).
  • After getting permission from the MCI candidates eligible for Doctor of Medicine in Nephrology.


  • Anatomy and embryology of the kidney
  • Physiology of the Kidney
  • Basic and advanced investigations in renal diseases
  • Fluid and Electrolyte disorders
  • Basic knowledge of Immunology
  • Basic knowledge of Renal Pathology
  • Basic knowledge of Renal therapeutics
  • Basic training in Renal Radiology
  • Kidney diseases in children
  • Hereditary congenital kidney diseases
  • Kidney diseases in Pregnancy
  • Glomerular diseases
  • Interstitial diseases
  • Hypertension Vascular diseases
  • Kidney disorders in geriatrics

Skills Required:

  • Critical thinking skills.
  • Thorough attention to detail.
  • Problem-solving capabilities.
  • Compassion.
  • Patience.

Job Prospects:

Job PostJob DescriptionAverage Salary per annum
Nephrologists study and treat kidney conditions. Nephrologists take primary responsibility for a kidney patient's care.
4 lakhs to 8 lakhs
Nephrology consultants are medical professionals who diagnose and treat diseases of the kidneys. Although they do not perform transplant surgery, they provide essential post-operative care by determining a course of renal management to prevent further damage and promote a better quality of life3 lakhs to 7 lakhs
Transplant Nephrologist
The transplant surgery is responsible by a urologist, but the nephrologist is responsible for managing the patient's care before and after the surgery, to maximize the likelihood of a successful outcome.
20 lakhs to 24 lakhs
Pediatric Nephrologist
If your child has kidney or urinary tract disease, bladder problems, kidney stones, or high blood pressure, a pediatric nephrologist has the special skills and experience to treat your child. Pediatric nephrologists treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centres up to young adulthood.
4 lakhs to 8 lakhs
Nephrology Professor
College professors are responsible for preparing course materials and teaching classes to graduate and undergraduate students
12 lakhs to 16 lakhs
Nephrology Surgeon
A nephrologist is a medical doctor who specializes in kidney care and treating diseases of the kidneys. They commonly treat chronic kidney disease (CKD), polycystic kidney disease (PKD), acute renal failure, kidney stones and high blood pressure and are educated on all aspects of kidney transplantation and dialysis
4 lakhs to 8 lakhs

Q: Why choose nephrology as a career?
A: Nephrology provides an intellectually stimulating and challenging working environment. Nephrologists have many patients who they will care for over very long periods of time. This continuity of care is important for the quality of care provided (particularly to patients with end-stage renal failure).

Q: How many years does it take to become a nephrologist?
A: In order to become a nephrologist you must first complete a 4 and 1/2 years medical school programme (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), followed by a 1-year internship, followed by 3 years master programme in Nephrology. 

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