Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. In India, training in dentistry is through a 5-year BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) course, which includes 4 years of study followed by one year of internship.
A programme in Dentistry trains a student in treating people of oral diseases, maintaining their oral health by diagnosis, prevention, and healing of cavities, dentures , gum related diseases. This programme also covers cosmetic dentistry which is an emerging trend nowadays for restructuring, shaping, teeth whitening, smile enhancement etc.
The main specialization areas of Dentistry are
Orthodontics which deals with straightening and aligning teeth and jaws
Periodontics which specializes in the care of gums and the diseases that might afflict them
Operative Dentistry or Endodontics for root canal jobs, fillings and cosmetic surgery
Prosthodontics which involves the making of artificial teeth
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery which deals specifically with operations on the mouth and jaw
Pediatric Dentistry for treating children
Human values and humanities don’t come with educational degrees. Though these doctors deal with humans at their most crucial stages so they should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build a harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding etc. In addition to these, a good doctor should have the ability to deal with young patients (children) with love and the ability to understand their behavior, Good communication skills and keen observation and playful manner around children.
- Dentists, general
- Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
- Dentists, all other specialists
Some of the Best Books in Dentistry:
- Dental Secrets by Stephen T. Sonis
- Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics by Stephen F. Rosenstiel
- Dental Bleaching: Operative Dentistry 6 by Martin G.D. Kelleher
- Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion by Major M. Ash
- Oral Radiology: Principles and Interpretation by Stuart C. White
- Cure Tooth Decay: Heal and Prevent Cavities with Nutrition by Ramiel Nagel
Demand for dental services will increase as the population ages. Many members of the aging baby-boom generation will need dental work. Because those in each generation are more likely to keep their teeth than those in past generations, more dental care will be needed in the years to come. In addition, there will be increased demand for complicated dental work, including dental implants and bridges. The risk of oral cancer increases significantly with age, and complications can require both cosmetic and functional dental reconstruction. Demand for dentists’ services will increase as studies continue to link oral health to overall health. They will need to provide care and instruction aimed at promoting good oral hygiene, rather than just providing treatments such as fillings.