Hematology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation. Significant diseases related to blood are Malaria, Thalassemia, Leukemia, Clotting disorders, Anemia, Chagas Disease, and African sleeping sickness. The principle tests carried out by a Hematologist are Blood film, Coagulation tests, Bone marrow aspirate, Complete Blood Count, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Hemoglobin A1c, Sickle Cell Screen and Manual white blood cell differential.
The laboratory work required in the study of blood is frequently performed by a Medical Technologist/ Assistant. Many Hematologists work as Hematologist-Oncologists, who provide medical treatment for all types of cancer. Hematologists provide expert primary and consultative care for patients with a diverse spectrum of malignant blood-related disorders.
After acquiring an MBBS degree from a recognized university, the Candidate has to appear in Post Graduate Entrance Exams like NEET. The admission of the candidate is done through his/her performance in the entrance test. However, some institutes also provide admission on the basis of mark obtained in the MBBS course and work experience of the aspiring candidate.
Question: Why would you get referred to a hematologist?
Answer: Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. If you are diagnosed with a blood disorder, your doctor may refer you to a hematologist.
Question: What diseases does a hematologist treat?
Answer: A hematologist is a specialist in hematology, the science or study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood diseases. The medical aspect of hematology is concerned with the treatment of blood disorders and malignancies, including types of hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma, and sickle-cell anemia.