Hematology, Admission, Eligibility, top colleges, entrance exam

Hematology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation. Significant diseases related to blood are Malaria, Thalassemia, Leukemia, Clotting disorders, Anemia, Chagas Disease, and African sleeping sickness. The principle tests carried out by a Hematologist are Blood film, Coagulation tests, Bone marrow aspirate, Complete Blood Count, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Hemoglobin A1c, Sickle Cell Screen and Manual white blood cell differential.

The laboratory work required in the study of blood is frequently performed by a Medical Technologist/ Assistant. Many Hematologists work as Hematologist-Oncologists, who provide medical treatment for all types of cancer. Hematologists provide expert primary and consultative care for patients with a diverse spectrum of malignant blood-related disorders.



  • Treating bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Treating hematological malignancies such as lymphoma and leukemia (cancers)
  • Treating hemoglobinopathies
  • The science of blood transfusion and the work of a blood bank
  • Bone marrow and stem cell transplantation

Course & Eligibility

Doctorate3 yearsCandidate should have an MBBS Degree with a minimum of 1 year of internship certificate.NEET-PG, AIPGM

Top Recruitment Areas

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Own Health Care
  • Research centers
  • Medical Health Centre

Admission Process

After acquiring an MBBS degree from a recognized university, the Candidate has to appear in Post Graduate Entrance Exams like NEET. The admission of the candidate is done through his/her performance in the entrance test. However, some institutes also provide admission on the basis of mark obtained in the MBBS course and work experience of the aspiring candidate.


1st Year:

  • Basics of Hematology
  • Introduction to clinical hematology
  • basic morphology and concepts of hematopoiesis
  • Bone marrow structure and examination
  • RBC structure and functions
  • Development of the immune system
  • Bleeding disorder mechanism
  • Overview of normal hemostatic mechanism
  • Laboratory approach to the diagnosis of leukemia

2nd Year:

  • Iron metabolism and iron deficiency anemia
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Red cell membrane defects and enzymopathy
  • Thalassemia
  • Sickle Cell anemia
  • Abnormal hemoglobin
  • Lab diagnosis of platelet function
  • Immune hemolytic anemia

3rd year:

  • Cell cycle and Carcinogenesis
  • Principles of chemotherapy
  • Reactive lymphocytosis
  • Acute leukemia
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adults
  • T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Disorders of spleen

Skills Required

The candidates should possess the following few skills:

  • Strong clinical skill to treat a hematological disorder
  • The ability to analyze and interpret laboratory data for proper diagnoses.
  • The ability to further train students and junior doctors.
  • They should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build a harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding, etc.

Top Entrances

Career & Job Prospects

Job Profile
Job Description
Average Salary Per Annum
General Surgeon
Similar to other medical professionals, surgeons are responsible for examining patients, diagnosing, and recommending the best course of action. Some general surgeons are also responsible for conducting research in the field.
5 - 7 lakhs
Chief Medical Officer
Chief Medical Officers are responsible for managing hospital budgets, recruiting and training healthcare physicians, ensuring that all staff adhere to safety standards and delivering the highest quality of medical care.
5 - 8 lakhs
General Practitioner
General Practitioner is a medical doctor who treats all common medical conditions and refers patients to hospitals and other medical services for urgent and specialist treatment. 
3 - 5 lakhs
Hematologists are medical practitioners who specialize in treating conditions of the blood. Their primary responsibilities include testing and diagnosing patients, treating diseases such as anemia or hemophilia and prescribing medications or dietary advice.
4 - 7 lakhs
An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation. A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
5 - 6 lakhs


Question:  Why would you get referred to a hematologist?
Answer:  Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. If you are diagnosed with a blood disorder, your doctor may refer you to a hematologist.

Question:  What diseases does a hematologist treat?
Answer:  A hematologist is a specialist in hematology, the science or study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood diseases. The medical aspect of hematology is concerned with the treatment of blood disorders and malignancies, including types of hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma, and sickle-cell anemia.

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