Ophthalmology;Top Colleges;Eligibility;Admission procedure.

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of eye and vision-related diseases. This is basically known as the science of eyes. The term ophthalmology has been derived from the Greek words ‘ophthalmos’ which means eye and ‘logos’ which means word. The certified doctor in this field of study is known as ophthalmologists. They involved in anatomy diagnosis and treating eye disease, which also includes performing micro eye surgeries. Sub-specialities in Ophthalmology include cataract and refractive surgery, uveitis and ocular immunology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, ophthalmic pathology, and neuro-ophthalmology. The Course of Ophthalmology trains the students with the entire spectrum of eye care, such as prescription of glasses and contact lenses, medical treatment and complex microsurgery.   People usually get confused between Optician, Optometrist and Ophthalmologist. These are different specializations and the difference between them are as follows-


  • What an eye examination consists of.
  • The structure of the eye.
  • The potential causes of the symptoms or disorder.
  • Which ocular symptoms and eye disorders are safe to self-treat and those which should be seen by an eye doctor.
  • The types of OTC eye care products that are available and the disorders in which they may be useful.

Courses & Eligibility:

Master Degree3 years
  • Candidates must have an MBBS degree from a recognised Institution certified by the MCI (Medical Council of India).
  • Candidates have to qualify the postgraduate medical entrance.

Top Recruiters:

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Own Health Care
  • Research centres
  • Medical Health Centre

Admission Procedure: 

Ophthalmology is the postgraduate level education and can be pursued only after the completion of MBBS
  • Take an MBBS degree from a well-recognized medical institution.
  • Appear the entrance tests like JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, NEET PG for taking admission in MD/MS course.
  • Choose Ophthalmology branch as a specialization in MD/MS
  • Candidates get admission in doctorate level course, are selected on the basis of performance in the qualifying entrance exam. There are certain Institutions who conduct their own entrance test for admission doctoral-level courses even after qualifying NEET.
  • Students get admission after counselling followed by personal interview.


Some basic topics cover Ophthalmology are as follows:

  • Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology
  • Local Anesthesia in Ophthalmology
  • Lasers in Ophthalmology
  • Ocular Therapeutics
  • Ocular Microbiology
  • Diseases of the Optic Nerve
  • Diseases of the Eye
  • Ocular Symptomatology
  • Refractive Errors of the Eye
  • Optics Refraction
  • Elementary Optics
  • Diseases of the Optic Nerve

Skills Required:

  • Ophthalmologists will need strong communication.
  • Leadership skills.
  • Attention to detail.
  • Organizational skills.
  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Patience.
  • Empathy.
  • Knowledge of human eye anatomy and the eye nervous system.

Job Prospects:

Ophthalmologists have multiple career options. Central and state governments run hospitals recruit ophthalmologists. They are also hired by the Departmental hospitals run by Railways and Defence and other hospitals run by PSU. Mostly the private hospitals, nursing homes and clinics hire Ophthalmologists with high pay packages. 

Job PostJob DescriptionAverage Salary per annum
Ophthalmologists’ primary responsibility is to deliver quality eye care. They are entrusted with the entire spectrum of comprehensive, refractive, medical and surgical eye care.
11 lakhs to 23 lakhs
Clinical Research Associate
They collaborate with medical experts, clinical study sites and clinical study vendors to understand and innovate various devices and ways to cure and prevent problems associated with human eye and vision.
5 lakhs to 15 lakhs
ProfessorOphthalmology professors are responsible for preparing eye course materials and teaching classes to graduate and postgraduate students.
10 lakhs to 18 lakhs


Q: What is the importance of Ophthalmology?
A: Ophthalmology is important because it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.

Q: What is ophthalmology practice?
A: An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats all eye diseases, perform eye surgery and prescribes and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems. While ophthalmologists are trained to care for all eye problems and conditions, some specialize in a specific area of medical or surgical eye care.

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