Physics; Colleges, Eligibility, Entrances, Job Prospects.

Physics is a stream of Science that deals with the study of matter and its motion through space-time, as well as the study of the interaction between matter and energy. It basically is the general analysis of nature conducted to understand how the universe works. 
This course imparts knowledge about various basic principles of Physics. It also covers the basic knowledge of various specializations like nuclear physics, high energy physics, condensed matter physics, astrophysics, cosmology, medicine, mining, geophysics.


Course Level Undergraduate Postgraduate
Duration 3 Years 2 Years
Examination Type  Semester System Semester System
Eligibility 10+2 with Physics, Math, Chemistry as main subjects BSc in Physics or other related subjects from a recognized university.
Admission Process Merit Based Entrance Examination

Courses and Eligibility

Course Duration Eligibility Entrances
BSc Physics 3 Years 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Math as major subjects. Minimum percentage required depends on the college.

Merit Based admission.

Some colleges like IISER, NISER, etc conduct separate entrance examination.

MSc Physics 2 Years BSc in Physics or other related subjects. Minimum percentage required is 55%.  IIT JAM, MHT CET, DUET, PUET, CUCET, AUCET, etc.

Top Recruiters

Private Organisations

  • Maruti Udyog
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • CTS

Government Organisations

  • Bhabha AtomicResearch Centre
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Indian Space Research Organisation

Admission Process

The admission into this course depends on the marks secured by the students in the highest qualification degree. many colleges also conduct separate entrance examination based on which students are offered admission into the institution.


  • Mathematical Methods
  • Classical Mechanics
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Electronics
  • Solid State Physics
  • Atomic Spectroscopy
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Relativity and Cosmology
  • Classical Electrodynamics
  • Advanced Optics
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Group Theory
  • Molecular Spectroscopy
  • Astrophysics

Skills Required

  • Numeracy Skills
  • Good planning skills. along with proper execution
  • Ability to use technical instruments
  • Attention to detail
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Writing and presentation skills

Top Entrances

Career and Job Prospects

Job Profile Job Description Average Annual Salary in INR
Junior Research Fellow A Junior research fellowship prepares the candidate to take on the role of a university professor. 2.8 lakhs
Research Scientist A research scientist is hired to carry out researches in the said field and design and conduct experiments to make significant contributions to the study of physics. 6.7 lakhs
Medical Physicist The job of the medical physicist involves the development of techniques and equipment that would be used by medical staff to diagnose illness and treat patients. 3.8 lakhs
Radiation Physicist Ensure the smooth functioning of medical devices which use radiation. 2.4 lakhs
Research Associate Professionals hired to carry out research and be a part of an ongoing research program within a research facility. 4.2 lakhs


Q: What are the career prospects for a physicist?
 With a comprehensive knowledge of concepts in Physics, students with M.Sc. A physics degree can find employment in private as well as in the Government sector. One can look for jobs in research labs, medical labs, academic institutions, IT field, technical field, automobile industry and various government-owned Scientific Research and Development Organizations. Other than these options a Physics graduate has the option even to step ahead for civil services for which one is supposed to clear civil service exams conducted by UPSC.
According to the projection made by BLS, during 2012-2022 jobs for physicists would go up by 10%. A physicist is lucky enough to get a job anywhere he/she wants to. The teaching profession is also open to a Physics graduate.

Q: What private companies can a Physics graduate get employed in?
Here are the private companies a physics graduate can work in:

  • Maruti Udyog
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • CTS, etc.

Q: Can a Physics graduate find work in the government sector?
A physics Graduate can find employment easily in the government sector. Here are some organisations which hire Physics graduates:

  • Bhabha AtomicResearch Centre
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Indian Space Research Organisation

Q: What are the best entrance exams for studying MSc Physics?
Here are the entrance exams one could consider for MSc physics:

  • NEST
  • DUET
  • PUET

Q: What is the minimum eligibility criteria to study MSc Physics?
The candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination by a recognized board and BSc Physics with 50% or above marks in aggregate. The candidate must have passed B.Sc. (General/Programme/B.Sc. (Pass) B.Sc. (H) Electronic, B.A. /B.Sc. (H) Instrumentation B.A./ B.Sc. (H) Electronics with 50% or above marks in aggregate.

Q: What is the average course fee for MSc Physics?
 The average tuition fee for the entire course ranges between INR 25,000 to 1.5 Lakhs.

Q: What are the best colleges for studying Physics?
These are the best colleges for MSc Physics:

  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Loyola College, Chennai

For further information refer to the Top Colleges Section.



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