Botany; Courses, Syllabus, Colleges, Admission, Entrance, Career.

Botany is a branch of biology that is focused on the scientific study of plant life. It covers an array of disciplines related to the study of various topics such as reproduction, chemical properties, plants, growth, algae and fungi, structure, development, evolutionary relationships among taxonomic groups and diseases.
Being a postgraduate botany course, the objective of this course is to produce intellectual and proficient botanists. It is done by this course through enhancing the abilities and skills of students for application of botany theories and expertise in the live problems faced by industry.
M.Sc. Botany course offers specializations to the students in the areas such as bryology, forestry, cytology, phycology, plant morphology, agronomy, plant systematic, ethnobotany, economic botany, phytopathology, horticulture, genetics, plant anatomy, lichenology, plant ecology, playnology, phytochemistry and palaeobotany.
Course LevelUndergraduatePostgraduate
Duration3 Years2 years
Examination TypeSemesterSemester
Eligibility10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects. Minimum marks required depends on the college.BSc in Botany or related subjects with 50-55% minimum marks in total.
Admission ProcessMerit based. Some colleges conduct examination.Colleges conduct separate entrance examinations.

Courses and Eligibility

CourseDurationEligibilityEntrance
BSc Botany3 Years10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects. Minimum marks required depends on the collegeMerit Basis
MSc Botany2 YearsBSc in Botany or related subjects, with minimum 50-55% aggregate scoreIIT JAM, CUCET, DUET, NEST, MHT CET, etc. Many universities also conduct separate entrance tests.


Top Recruiters

  • Drug Companies
  • Nurseries
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Food Companies
  • Oil Industries
  • National Park service
  • Department of Environmental Protection
  • Departments of Conservation and land management
  • Nature Conservancy
  • Smithsonian Institute
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Forest Services


Admission Process

The most common route to this course is through direct entry. A merit list is prepared on the basis of scores in the under graduation program and selection is made accordingly. This admission procedure is followed by all the universities.
There are some universities which conduct their entrance tests for the purpose of taking admissions. Banaras Hindu University conducts post graduate entrance exam for taking admissions for postgraduate course in botany. University of Rajasthan holds Joint Entrance Test for admissions in Master courses with a 70% weight assigned to entrance and the rest to academic record of qualifying exam.


Semester I

  • Phycology
  • Microbiology
  • Plant Anatomy and Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology and Bio Molecules
  • Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Gymnosperms

Semester II

  • Mycology and Plant Pathology
  • Taxonomy of Angiosperms
  • Palaeobotany and Palynology
  • Genetics and Genomics

Semester III

  • Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
  • Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy
  • Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
  • Microbial Biotechnology

Semester IV

  • Computer applications and bioinformatics


Skills Required

  • Keen interest in the natural world
  • Scientific skills, particularly Biology and Chemistry
  • Research and Analytical Skills
  • Critical evaluation Skills
  • Problem solving Skills
  • Excellent Communication Skills
  • High Standards of Accuracy
  • Attention to Detail
  • Systematic Approach


Top Entrances


Career and Job Prospects

Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Annual Income in INR
ConservationistIndividual who works for the conservation of the environment and is often linked to organisations working for the cause.
3.1 lakhs
HorticulturistConduct research in gardening and landscaping, plant propagation, crop production, plant breeding, genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology.
2.4 lakhs
Plant BiochemistStudy the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes, such as cell development, growth, heredity, and disease.
2.4 lakhs
Environment ConsultantProvide inputs and advice for the conservation of the environment.
6.9 lakhs
EcologistWorks for the eco-system and a balanced environment.
3.6 lakhs


FAQs

Q: What are the academic options after MSc Botany?

A: After completion of M.Sc. Botany course, the students can study further to enhance their qualification. If the student holds an interest in research then they may pursue either M. Phil. or Ph.D. in Botany. Universities like Guru Nanak Dev University Amritsar,University of Delhi Delhi and University of Calicut- Calicut etc. offer M. Phil. in Botany. Ph.D. in Botany is offered by various universities such as Jamia Hamdard University Delhi and Presidency College Chennai etc.

Q: What is the eligibility criteria for MSc Botany?

A: Eligibility criteria for M.Sc. Botany is as follows.

  • Recognized undergraduate degree in B.Sc. or equivalent
  • A recommended minimum score at the level of graduation which can vary from college to college

For admission to M.Sc. Botany course, all universities follow their own admission norms. For instance, University of Delhi prepares a merit list on the basis of which University’s Colleges take admissions.

Most of the institutions have direct entry as admission mode. However, there are some universities which prefer to conduct entrance tests for admissions. Hence, the students who have appeared in final year examination of under-graduation and await the result are allowed to apply for the course by such institutions.

Q: What is the admission process for MSc Botany?

A: The most common route to this course is through direct entry. A merit list is prepared on the basis of scores in the under graduation program and selection is made accordingly. This admission procedure is followed by all the universities.

There are some universities which conduct their entrance tests for the purpose of taking admissions. Banaras Hindu University conducts post graduate entrance exam for taking admissions for postgraduate course in botany. University of Rajasthan holds Joint Entrance Test for admissions in Master courses with a 70% weight assigned to entrance and the rest to academic record of qualifying exam.

Q: What are the skills required for studying MSc Botany?

A: A knack for scientific methods and the rigors of scientific research is exactly what M.Sc. Botany course looks for in a candidate. The aspirants, who are highly curious, have clear and concise written and verbal communication skills and can creatively solve the problem are a natural fit for this course. The candidates who dream to move to key positions in top companies in future should apply for this course. 

The students having the ability to keep up with the latest trends and development in the field are a natural fit for this course. It is meant for the students who are looking for a career in botany. M.Sc. Botany course is perfect for the aspirants who see their future developing and designing innovative techniques and methods for botany.

Q: What are the employment opportunities after MSc Botany in Private sectors?

A: Here are some employment opportunities for students of MSc Botany in private Sectors:

  • Drug Companies
  • Nurseries
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Food Industries
  • Oil Industry
  • Chemical Companies
  • Lumber and Paper Companies

Q: What are the employment opportunities in Government Sectors after MSc Botany?

A: Here are the government sectors where MSc Botany students can find employment:

  • National Park service
  • Departments of Environmental Protection
  • Departments of Conservation and land Management
  • Departments of Agriculture and water
  • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services
  • Nature Conservancy

Q: What are the top colleges for MSc Botany in India?

A: Here are the top colleges for MSc Botany:

  • St. Xaviers College, Mumbai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Ramjas College, New Delhi
  • Fergusson college, Pune
  • Miranda House, New Delhi
  • University of Jammu, Jammu
  • Fatima Mata National College, Kollam


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