Botany is a branch of biology that focuses on the scientific study of plant life. It covers an array of disciplines related to the study of various topics such as reproduction, chemical properties, plants, growth, algae and fungi, structure, development, evolutionary relationships among taxonomic groups, and diseases. One can pursue B.sc in Botany. After that, he can do a postgraduate degree in Botany. B.sc in Botany is a 3-year undergraduate Programme and M.sc in Botany is a 2year Postgraduate program. The average course fee for B.sc in Botany is 15.000 to 1lacs. and the average course fee for M.sc in Chemistry is 30.000 to 1lacs. The annual salary they earn is from 3lacs to 8lacs. The top entrances for this course are the BHU entrance test, JNU Entrance test CUCET, etc. After the completion of this course, they are posted in various colleges and Universities, National Chemical Laboratory, Agricultural research services, various farms, Floriculture firms. etc.
There are so many top colleges and universities in India are offering B.sc and M.sc in Botany. Admission to the B.sc course is done on a merit basis. But Various entrance examinations are conducted for admission into M.sc course. Students got admitted to various colleges according to their rank in the Entrance exam. some of the topmost colleges offering this course are mentioned below.
Both Undergraduate and Post Graduate courses are offered in Botany. Students do their B.sc degree and M.sc degree in botany from various colleges and universities. Before doing this course the applicant should know about employment areas, course fees, duration, eligibility salary package. The details of the course are Highlighted below.
|Duration||3 Years||2 years|
|Eligibility||10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects. The minimum marks required depends on the college.||BSc in Botany or related subjects with 50-55% minimum marks in total.|
|Admission Process||Merit-based. Some colleges conduct examinations.||Colleges conduct separate entrance examinations.|
|Average Course Fees||15.000- 1lacs||30.000 to 1lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||2-8 lacs per annum||3-10lacs per annum.|
|Job Areas||Agricultural Research Services, Botanical Survey Senters, Eco-botany, Environmental Management Units, Fermentation Industries, Farm Management Organizations, Floriculture Sector, etc.||Public health service, national park services, department of agriculture, forest service, departments of conservation, and land management. In the private sector, the opportunities are in the oil industry, food companies, seed companies, fruit growers, and biotechnology firms.|
Courses and Eligibility
Before applying for this Prestigious course candidate needs to carefully go through the courses provided by the top colleges, its duration, the eligibility criteria and the entrance tests conducted by the colleges for admission. Here is given the details about this.
|BSc Botany||3 Years||10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects. Minimum marks required depends on the college||Merit Basis|
|MSc Botany||2 Years||BSc in Botany or related subjects, with minimum 50-55% aggregate score||IIT JAM, CUCET, DUET, NEST, MHT CET, etc. Many universities also conduct separate entrance tests.|
After the successful completion of B.sc or M.sc in Botany, the aspirants are posted in various college and Universities, National Chemical Laboratory, Agricultural research services, various farms, Floriculture firms. etc with high package of salary. Some companies recruit the students through campus selection. Some of the top recruiting organisationn are mentioned below.
- National Chemical Laborotory,
- Indian Institute of Ecology
- School of Environmental studies
- Nature Conservation Foundation
- Various colleges and Universities.
The most common route to this course is through direct entry. A merit list is prepared on the basis of scores in the under graduation program and selection is made accordingly. This admission procedure is followed by all the universities. But for M. Sc in Botany, many universities follow the admission procedure through entrance exams. There are some universities that conduct entrance tests for the purpose of taking admissions. Banaras Hindu University conducts a postgraduate entrance exam for taking admissions into a postgraduate course in botany. The University of Rajasthan holds the Joint Entrance Test for admissions in Master's degree courses.
The syllabus for B.sc in Botany and M.sc in Botany may vary from college to colleges. But it generally covers the same topics. There are 6 semesters in B.sc and 4 semesters in M.sc. The detailed syllabus for both the courses are mentioned below.
|1ST YEAR||2ND YEAR||3RD YEAR|
|Introduction Biology||Plant Resource Utilisation||Plant Systematics & Evolution|
|Algae and Microbiology||Mathematics and Statistics||Plant Physiology|
|Chemistry-I||Cell Biology-I||Environmental Management / Bioinformatics|
|Technical writing and communication in English / Computational skills||Molecular Biology-I||Genetics & Genomics -I|
|Mycology & Phytopathology||Plant development and Anatomy||Plant Metabolism|
|Archegoniate||Ecology and Phytogeography||Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms|
|Chemistry-II||Cell Biology-II||Plant Biotechnology|
|Biochemistry||Molecular Biology-II||Genetics and Genomics-II|
|Microbiology||Paleobotany and Palynology|
|Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Gymnosperms||Taxonomy of Angiosperms|
|Psychology||Mycology and Plant Pathology|
|Cell Biology and Biomolecules||Genetics and Genomics|
|Plant Anatomy and Developmental Biology|
|Microbial Biotechnology||Computer Applications and Bioinformatics|
|Plant Physiology and Pharmacognosy||---|
|Plant Molecular Biotechnology and Biology||---|
|Plant Physiology and Biochemistry||---|
In every field of work the skill is most important factor.There are some certain required skills to hold a degree in B.sc and M.sc and to do a job in these fields. For making a successful career in Botany one should must have the following skills
- Keen interest in the natural world
- Scientific skills, particularly Biology and Chemistry
- Research and Analytical Skills
- Critical evaluation Skills
- Problem-solving Skills
- Excellent Communication Skills
- High Standards of Accuracy
- Attention to Detail
- Systematic Approach
The admission to B.sc in Botany is basically done on a merit basis except some Universities. Some universities follow the admission process by conducting Entrance tests of their own. For example, OUAT conducts an entrance test for admission. But for admission into the M.sc course in Botany, the applicant needs to qualify in the entrance test. Entrance tests are conducted both at the national level and by the college or universities. Some of the top entrance examinations are mentioned below.
- Osmania University Entrance Test
- BHU Entrance exam.
- OUAT Entrance Exam.
Career and Job Prospects
There are a lot of scope in this field. After the completion of B.sc or M.sc students are placed in both the private and government sectors with a handsome salary. They are placed in the sectors like colleges and Universities, National Chemical Laboratory, Agricultural research services, various farms, Floriculture firms. etc
Average Annual Income in INR
|Conservationist||An individual who works for the conservation of the environment and is often linked to organizations working for the cause.||3.1 lakhs|
|Horticulturist||Conduct research in gardening and landscaping, plant propagation, crop production, plant breeding, genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology.||2.4 lakhs|
|Plant Biochemist||Study the chemical and physical principles of living things and of biological processes, such as cell development, growth, heredity, and disease.||2.4 lakhs|
|Environment Consultant||Provide inputs and advice for the conservation of the environment.||6.9 lakhs|
|Ecologist||Works for the eco-system and a balanced environment.||3.6 lakhs|
|Corporate Communications manager||Manageing Communication at corporate house. Corporate Communication managers are in charge of managing their Company's Communication efforts.They are responsible for riviwing and approving Company statements as well as participating in drafting corporate communications.||8lacs above|
Q: What are the academic options after MSc Botany?
A: After completion of M.Sc. Botany course, the students can study further to enhance their qualifications. If the student holds an interest in research then they may pursue either M. Phil. or Ph.D. in Botany.
Q: What is the eligibility criteria for MSc Botany?
A: Eligibility criteria for M.Sc. Botany is as follows.
- Recognized undergraduate degree in B.Sc. or equivalent
- A recommended minimum score at the level of graduation which can vary from college to college
For admission to M.Sc. Botany course, all universities follow their own admission norms. For instance, the University of Delhi prepares a merit list on the basis of which University’s Colleges take admissions.
Most of the institutions have direct entry as admission mode. However, there are some universities that prefer to conduct entrance tests for admissions. Hence, the students who have appeared in final year examination of under-graduation and await the result are allowed to apply for the course by such institutions.
Q: What are the employment opportunities after MSc Botany in the Private sector?
A: Here are some employment opportunities for students of MSc Botany in private Sectors:
- Drug Companies
- Biotechnology Firms
- Food Industries
- Oil Industry
- Chemical Companies
- Lumber and Paper Companies
Q: What are the top colleges for MSc in Botany in India?
A: Here are the top colleges to do MSc in Botany:
- St. Xaviers College, Mumbai
- Christ University, Bangalore
- Ramjas College, New Delhi
- Fergusson College, Pune
- Miranda House, New Delhi
- University of Jammu, Jammu
- Fatima Mata National College, Kollam