Journalism And Mass Communication: Career, Top Colleges, Job Prospects

Journalism & Mass Communication is one of the most popular courses nowadays among students. Mass Communication, in general, refers to the distribution of message and information to a large collection of people, whether it may be the country or across the globe. Mass communication can mean any sorts of medium for information transfer to the audience. These might be radio, newspaper, television, social networking, billboards. When it comes to Journalism, its all about transmitting of the right news to the right audience with rigorous verification & various presentation.

Journalism is the act of gathering, analyzing, creating, and presenting news and information to a large group of audience. It is a distinct form of communication where the journalist delivers a one-way message or story to the audience as per his or her observations and discoveries on a particular happening. This type of storytelling is presented in different forms, like Breaking news, Feature stories, Investigative reports, Editorials, Reviews, Blogs.

Whereas, Mass communication is the process of conveying the message through channels of communication including broadcast television, radio, social media, and print media to a large group of anonymous and heterogeneous audiences. Even though journalism and mass communication are two different aspects but they are interrelated and interdependent on each other.

Journalism and Mass Communication is the course study for a  career path that gives fame, prestige, and money at a time that is why a career in journalism engrosses many students towards it. The students who don’t have much idea about this course would get a clear idea after reading the following information.

Areas of Specialisation

Electronic media:

  • Some of the primary electronic media are Televisions, Radio Broadcast, Multimedia presentations, etc. This media uses an electronic or electromechanical audience to access its content. 

Print Media:

  • This is the printed version of the media industry that uses tools like books, newspapers, magazines, etc to deliver its content. With the passage of time, Print media has evolved from more than just news platform to a stage of entertainment, education, and advertisement.

Web media:

  • This media is the textual, graphical, and audio form of communication presented on the web. These days Web media has had a significantly broad and complex impact on society and culture. Examples of web media include Social Media, E-Books, Websites, Streaming platforms, etc.

Top Colleges

In India, there are a lot of institutes who follows the discipline of Journalism & Mass Communication and allows students to study in these courses. Here is the list of best colleges for Journalism & Mass Communication course.


The Journalism and Mass Communication Highlights section contains all the details regarding the course in a summarized format for the easy understandability of the students. This section contains brief information regarding the duration of the course, the admission process, eligibility criteria, top recruiters, etc.

Course level Graduation, Post Graduation
Course Duration For Graduation: 3 years | For Post-graduation: 2 years
Course Fee INR 50, 000 to 5 Lacs
Avg. Salary INR 2.45 to 9 Lacs
Top Recruiters Advertising Agencies, Books and Novels, Circulation & Public Relations, Broadcasting Corporations, Central Information Service, TV Channels, Radio Telecasting Companies, Photography Companies, Periodicals & Magazines
Top Job/Career Profiles Feature Writer, Columnist, Fashion Photographer, News Analyst, Public Relations Officer, Radio Jockey (RJ), Special Correspondent, Video Jockey (VJ), TV Correspondent, Staff or Freelance Writer, Correspondent, Illustrator, Photojournalist, Journalist


If interested in applying for this course, the aspirant should check their eligibility for the same. The ineligible candidate's registration will be not accepted under any circumstances. The eligibility criteria of Journalism & Mass Communication for Undergraduate is different from that of the Postgraduate and M.Phil. Details of the eligibility criteria have been mentioned below:





Graduate 3 years
  • Successful completion of the 10+2 level of education in any stream, completed from a recognized university.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at the 10+2 level.
Post Graduate 2 years
  • Completed Bachelor’s degree in any stream from any recognized university 
  •  A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at the graduation level.
M.Phil. 2 years
  • The candidate should have cleared all the papers before applying.
  • Many Universities have extra eligibility criteria for admission i.e. Candidate should have work experience of certain years.
Merit and Experience based 

Top Recruiters:

Journalism & Mass Communication brings in a lot of opportunities for its students. There are many national wide well-known institutions like Times of India Group who prefer journalists, columnists, and reporters from Journalism & Mass Communication background. Students who are interested in this field can build their bright futures with the lucrative job offers provided by the media communication industry. Here are the top recruiters of this course:

  • Indian Express
  • LT Finance
  • Max New York Life
  • Tata Steel
  • Times of India Group
  • India Today Group
  • Anand Bazar Patrika
  • Zee Entertainment Enterprise
  • CNBC
  • Guardian Group
  • BBC
  • ABC
  • AIR
  • NDTV Network
  • Hindustan Times Group of Publication
  • Zee TV Network
  • Viacom
  • Big Entertainment
  • TV 18 Groups

Admission Process:

The students who want to pursue their career in Journalism and Mass Media Communication can start by doing the Bachelors's in the stated discipline. To get into the bachelor's or master's, the candidate has to appear the entrance exams required by the selected institute. Many universities or institutes have their own entrance examinations specialized only for Journalism and Mass Communication. However, some universities have Common Entrance Tests for this course. After the examination, colleges conduct group discussions and many colleges have an extra round of selection like Studio Test or Personal Interview. The admission process will vary as per the institutes' norms.

Syllabus and courses:

Syllabus for Journalism & Mass Communication may differ from one Institute to another. The syllabus of the course highlights the complete course curriculum of a particular degree. It is classified accordingly to the semesters and the core subjects selected by the candidates. The students can check the syllabus for Bachelor's, Master's, and Ph.D. degrees that is given below:

B.A. Journalism & Mass Communication

Semester I Semester II
Fundamentals of Communication Skills Writing for Media-Theory
Fundamentals of Computers Writing for Media-Practical
English Literature I Editing-Theory
Reporting-Theory Editing-Practical
Reporting-Practical English Literature II
Fundamentals of Journalism  


Semester III Semester IV
Radio Broadcasting-Theory    Advertising-Theory
Radio Broadcasting-Practical Media and Human Rights
TV Broadcasting-Theory    Public Relations-Theory
TV Broadcasting-Practical     Internet & New Media-Practical
Photojournalism-Theory Public Relations-Practical
Photojournalism-Practical Magazine Journalism-Theory
Introduction to Cinema Magazine Journalism-Practical
  Internet & New Media-Theory


Semester V Semester VI
Environment & Media Information Society
Media, Society & Development Organizational Behavior & Media Organization
Media Criticism Media Law & Ethics
Basic Media Research Project


M.A. Journalism & Mass Communication

Semester I Semester II
Basic Principles of Communication Communication Development
History and Development of Mass Media Media and Society
Media Laws and Ethics     Media Management
Computer Applications for Media Advertising and Public Relation
Reporting and Editing Electronic Media (Radio and TV)
Professional Writing Advertising (Practical)
Communication Theory Photography
Print Journalism Practice PR & Corporate Communication


Semester III Semester IV
International Communication of Rural Communication     New Media
Reporting and Editing for Electronic Media Media and Human Rights
Internship Environment Communication
Intercultural Communication Communication Research
Radio and TV Production     Study Tour & Reporting
Media Management Media Laws and Ethics


Ph.D. in Journalism and Mass Communication

Core Subjects Elective Subjects Other Subjects
Research Methodology 1 Journalism Studies Seminars
Research Methodology 2 Specialized and Analytical Journalism Theory and Practices
Communication Theory   Field Work


M.Phil. in Journalism and Mass Communication

Year I Year II
Advanced Research Methods Marketing Communication
Media Study Publishing research
Data Collection Methods Content analysis
Report Mass Audiences
Research Work Dissertation

Viva-voce and Presentation

Skills Required:

The aspirants of the Journalism & Mass Communication Course should have some of the primary skills for a bright future in the long run. Not all skills are inherited rather some skills can only be earned with long term practice. Some of the important skills required in this field of Journalism & Mass communication are mentioned below:

  • Creativity
  • Good Communication skills
  • Skill to address different types of problems
  • Observations
  • Ability to Interpret
  • High Self-Confidence
  • Researching ability
  • Ability to express one's thoughts and ideas

Top Entrances:

Many institutions offer admission into this course only after a student qualifies in the entrance examination. Different universities or colleges have a separate entrance examination for journalism, while others have a common entrance test.  When choosing Journalism & Mass Communication for the career, the students need to qualify one of these entrance exams. These are mentioned below:

  • Asian College of Journalism Entrance Exam
  • Indian Institute of Journalism & Mass Communication Entrance Exam
  • International School of Business and Media Entrance Exam
  • Jamia Milia Islamia Entrance Exam
  • Manipal Institute of Communication Entrance Exam
  • Symbiosis Institute of Journalism & Mass Communication Entrance Exam
  • Xavier Institute of Communications Entrance Exam
  • Mudra Institute of Communication Entrance Exam
  • Andhra University Common Entrance Test
  • Symbiosis National Aptitude Test (SNAP)

Career and Job Prospects

A career in Journalism and Mass Communication has a very rewarding future. With a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication one may avail one of many high paying jobs like becoming a Publisher or a Screenwriter. This field is associated with Journalism, Mass Media and Reporting, so, anyone can easily get a job with secure future.  Here, are some of the top career/job profiles associated with the field:

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Salary Per Annum

Content Writer As a content writer, a person has to be responsible for the contents required for the organization or the website. The candidate has to create, write and edit the required types of content for the job. 2 - 4 lakhs
Content Manager The 'Content Manager' profile requires the candidates to work with various writers, freelancers and other personnel (who contributes to creative works) and maintain the quality of the work. The candidate has to edit the material as per the requirements and use it in the respective area. 5 - 7 lakhs
Editor An editor has to proofread, edit & rewrite the content. The editor helps the writers in refining their work and correcting all the errors related to grammar, style and other stuff. 3 - 5 lakhs
Photojournalist The essential role of a Photojournalist is to be a visual storyteller. By capturing, altering, and exhibiting pictures, they recount a story in a way that no other media can. Often, Photojournalists are independent picture takers and offer their photographs to different organizations around the globe. 4 - 6  lakhs
Columnists A Columnist is one of the key personnel of any newspaper, magazine, or other publications. He/she writes for publication of series, articles offering options for particular news. 5 - 6 lakhs
TV correspondent They can be specialized in different areas of journalism like news, finance, sports, etc. Their main job is to deliver a report on newsworthy stories that interest the public. TV correspondent also coordinates meetings, arranging interviews, researching the background of the stories, etc 3 - 10 lakhs
Fashion Photographer They work with different designers and fashion houses. His/Her responsibility is to take photographs of models in a conceptualized manner. 3 - 5 lakhs
Radio Disc Jockeys Radio Disc Jockeys have the responsibility to host live and pre-recorded shows. They even play music on request of the subscribers and discuss noteworthy events in different interviews.  2 - 5 lakhs


Q: What are the career options available in Journalism & Mass Communication?
In Journalism & Mass Communication, a student can opt for a content writer, editor, Journalist, Senior Graphic Designer, Relationship Manager, etc. For detailed career guidance in Journalism & Mass Communication check out the Career and Job Prospects section above.

Q: How much can a candidate expect as a Journalist?
As a journalist, one can expect a salary range from INR 310,000 to INR 610,000 per annum.

Q: What is Journalism & Mass Communication?
A: Mass Communication is the study of various social and cultural impacts created by numerous mass mediums like television channels, radio channels, websites, newspapers, etc.

Q: What are top colleges providing Journalism & Mass Communication?
A: Some of the top colleges are mentioned below:

  • Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media (IIJNM), Bangalore
  • Symbiosis Institute of Journalism & Mass Communication (SIMC), Pune
  • Indian Institute of Journalism & Mass Communication (IIMC), New Delhi
  • Mudra Institute of Communications (MICA), Ahmedabad
  • Asian College of Journalism, Chennai

Q: What is the eligibility criteria for a degree in Journalism & Mass Communication?
A: The eligibility criteria is mentioned below:

  • The student should have completed 10+2 in any discipline from any recognized Board.
  • The minimum marks in 10+2 should be 50% for general and 45% for reserved category

Q: What is the duration of a course in Journalism & Mass Communication?
A: The duration of the course is mentioned below:

  • Journalism & Mass Communication : 3 years
  • Journalism & Mass Communication: 2 years
  • M.Phil in Journalism & Mass Communication: 2 years

Q: What are the important skills required in this field?
A: The important skills are mentioned below:

  • Creativity
  • Good Communication skills
  • Skill to address different types of problems
  • Observations

Q: Who are the top recruiters in this field of Journalism & Mass Communication?
A: Some of the top recruiters are mentioned below:
Hindustan times of group of Publication

  • BBC India
  • NDTV
  • Zee TV
  • Viacom
  • Times of India Group
  • Press Information Bureau

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