Horticulture : Admission Process, Skills Required and Career

Do you really want to earn money or start a gainful business by growing plants? If yes, then make your career by choosing the best field in horticulture which can help you to fulfill your goal as well as to start a gainful business. B.sc in Horticulture is a 3-year undergraduate course. It is branch of Agricultural science. Horticulture is the art and science of cultivating, reproducing and marketing of decorative plants, turf, flowers, vegetables and nuts. It is the branch of agriculture which only deals with the intensively cultured and high-value crops. Horticultural crops include the vegetables, fruits and nuts which are directly used by man for food, the flowers and other ornamental plants for aesthetic uses or visual enjoyment and those used for medical purposes.

Top Colleges:

Horticulture Science has been an evergreen branch over the entire Agricultural program. The listed below colleges help in the academic of the students building and developing the skills and knowledge all over.

Highlights:

Name of the Course Horticulture 
Course Level

Diploma

B.Sc

B.Tech.

M.Sc.

Duration

Diploma|: 1 Year

B.Sc: 3 Years

B.Tech. : 4 Years

M.Sc.: 2 Years

Course Fees  INR 1000 - 4.76,000
Admission Process Many Institutions have their own entrances. Some institutions provide direct admission
Top Recruiting Companies Interior Plant's cape, SHORB Landscaping, Sun Valley Landscaping, Casa Verde Growers, etc
Job Positions Horticulturist, Plantation Manager, Horticulture specialist, Technical Assistance

Eligibility:

The eligibility for Horticulture study could be as for the listed courses:

Course Duration Eligibility Entrances
Diploma 1year 10th ,+2 with science from a recognized board Colleges/Institutions conduct their own entrances
B.Sc. 3years 10th,+2 with science from a recognized board Common entrance Test and Colleges/institutions conduct their own entrances
B.Tech. 4years 10th ,+2 with science or equivalent  degree from recognized board JEE Main, GATE, IIT-JEE
M.Sc. 2years After completing B.Sc. in Horticulture Graduation from a recognized university/Institution

Top Recruiters:

Horticulturists are recruited for both public and private sectors. Top companies are:

  • Interior Plants cape
  • SHORB Landscaping
  • Sun Valley Landscaping
  • Casa Verde Growers
  • Greater Texas Landscape Services
  • IFFCO KISAN SANCHAR LIMITED
  • Green Décor

Admission Process:

The candidate is eligible for admission after passing 12th class in science stream. The admission criteria and procedure may differ from institution to institution. Some colleges/Universities conduct their own entrance tests for admission while some other Institutions provide admission through the entrance tests namely ICAR, AIEEA  conducted by ICAR.

Syllabus:

B.Sc in Horticulture is a 3-year undergraduate Course. The syllabus and the course for the branch of Horticulture is divided into 6 Semesters.

A detailed of the syllabus are mentioned below.

 

SEMESTER- I SEMESTER-II
Introduction to soil Science Fundamentals of Statistics
Crop Physiology Elements of Computer application
Fundamentals of Horticulture Plant-parasitic Nematode
Plant Propagation Tropical and Subtropical Fruits
Groth Development of Horticulture Fruits Principles of Genetics
Tropical and Sub Tropical Vegetables. Fundamentals of Food Technology
Communication Skills  Introductory Micro-Biology
                      - - - - Water Management and Horticulture crops
SEMESTER-III SEMESTER-IV
Temperate Fruits Spices
Ornamental Horticulture Commercial Floriculture
Bio-Chemistry Plantation Crops
Fundamentals of Entomology Orchard Management
Principles of Plant Breeding Breeding of Fruits
Temperate Vegetables Mushroom Culture
Tuber Crops Environment Science
                          --- Insect Ecology
                          --- Solid Science-I
SEMESTER-V SEMESTER-VI
Organic Farming Remote Sensing
Introduction to major Feild Crops Entrepreneurship development
Introductory agroforestry Seed Production
Apiculture Medicinal and aromatic plants
Post Harvest Management
Processing of horticulture crops
Principles of plant biotechnology Horticulture business management
Breeding and seed production                              ----

 

Skills required:

The basis on this platform Horticulturist skill could be sorted as:

  • Nature-loving
  • Communication skills necessary for research
  • Provide technical information in simple words
  • Patience
  • Work for long hours
  • Analytical mind
  • Eye for detail
  • Work as a team
  • Diplomacy
  • Practical in nature
  • Problem solving skills

Top Entrances:

Top entrances for Horticulture studies are:-

  • Common Entrance Test in Horticulture
  • Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry entrance Exam
  • Maharashtra Council of Agricultural Education and Research Entrance Exam
  • Vellanikara College of Horticulture Entrance Exam.

Career and Job Prospects:

Horticulture study can be proved as one of the most liking and high rating studies in providing respectable career as well as gainful business. Development in horticulture technology, increasing products demands, and a growing export industry are making this an extremely lucrative career. Jobs are created in fields such as research and journalism in sectors both public and private.

JOB POSITION JOB DESCRIPTION SALARY
Horticulturist They focus on how to improve the plant growth, quality, nutritional value, yield and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses. They also research on plants to produce new generation. Their limit of work starts from gardeners to designers. They work as a growers, therapists, designers and technical advisors. INR 2,30,000
Plantation manager They deal with the operations of a manufacturing facility and develop the way to increase production at a very low cost. Some of them start their career as production workers and after gaining experience they secure the plant manager status. INR 7,50,000
Horticulture specialist The work of a horticulture specialist is to prepare seed beds, transfer plants to containers, and move containers plants around the worksite, unload shipments of packaged soil and other gardening products. INR 5,80,000
Technical Assistance They have work in every field including education, science, health care, engineering, computer science, arts and more. Their work is to manage data, develop correspondences, maintain reports or spread sheets, and file paper work. INR 2,20,000

FAQ’s:

Q: Am I suited to a career in Horticulture?
A: If you have a great interest on growing plants, knowing more and more about plants and their activities and making your career by doing work related to it, then a career in this field of horticulture could be fit for you. A passion for making your own business by growing plants is very important, the diverse nature of Horticulture means it’s a good fit for creative people with all sort of interest.

Q: What is the main objective of a degree in horticulture?
A;  Horticulture is the art and science of cultivating, reproducing, and marketing of decorative plants, turf, flowers, vegetables, and nuts. It is the branch of agriculture which only deals with the intensively cultured and high-value crops

Q: What are the top entrances for a degree in Horticulture?
A: The top entrances for B.tech in Horticulture are mentioned below:

  • JEE Main
  • GATE
  • IIT-JEE

Q: What is the minimum qualification required for MSc. in Horticulture?
A: The minimum qualification for MSc in Horticulture is mentioned below:
BSc. in Horticulture (Degree) Graduation from a recognized university/Institution

Q: What is the duration of course?
A: The duration of the course is mentioned below:

  • Diploma: 1 year
  • B.Sc.: 3 years
  • B.Tech. : 4 years
  • M.Sc.: 2 years 

Q: Who are the Top Recruiters in the field of Horticulture?
A: The top recruiters of Horticulture are:

  • Interior Plants cape
  • SHORB Landscaping
  • Sun Valley Landscaping
  • Casa Verde Growers
  • Greater Texas Landscape Services
  • IFFCO KISAN SANCHAR LIMITED
  • Green Décor

Q: What are the top career prospectus of Horticulture?
A: The top career prospectus of horticulture are mentioned below:

  • Horticulturist
  • Plantation manager
  • Horticulture specialist
  • Technical Assistance

Q: What are the top colleges providing a degree in Horticulture?
A: The top colleges are mentioned below:

  • Kerala Agriculture University
  • University of Agriculture
  • University of Agriculture Science, Dharwar
  • Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore
  • Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad

Q: What is the Application Process for a degree in Horticulture?
A: Candidates can be eligible for admission after passing 12th class with science stream. The admission criteria and procedure vary institutions to institutions. Some colleges/Universities conduct their own entrance tests for providing admission while some of them provide admission through the entrance test namely ICAR AIEEA 2019 conducted by ICAR.

Q: What is the minimum eligibility required for a degree in Horticulture?
A: The minimum qualification is mentioned below:
 10th ,+2 with science from a recognized board

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