Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth was established in 1921, as an educational memorial of Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, 'the Father of Indian Unrest' and an advocate of National Education. The establishment of the Vidyapeeth was aimed towards imparting National Education conceived by Lokmanya Tilak in his four-fold formula (other three were Swaraj, Swadeshi, and Boycott). The Vidyapeeth had formulated a long-term national education programme and implemented it successfully in those days in all its affiliated colleges/institutions. It co-ordinated the efforts being made by similar institutions and provided much-needed educational facilities in the faculties of Arts, Science, Commerce, Engineering, and Ayurveda at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Emphasis was laid on the study of Sanskrit - the language of the national culture. The Vidyapeeth's policy to provide instruction through Marathi marked the beginning of a revolutionary change in the education system. The Vidyapeeth being devoted to national education, teachers and students actively participated in the non - cooperation movement in 1930 and 1932 and in the 'Quit India' movement of 1942. As a consequence; the activities of the Vidyapeeth were ceased. The Vidyapeeth, however, survived this trying period with the efforts of national - minded institutions and individuals and continued to maintain its unique identity.