Civil Engineering: Diploma, B.Tech, M.Tech, Courses, Jobs, Colleges

Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline and the oldest which deals with the constructed environment. This branch includes programs that are planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of the building structures and facilities. The Civil Engineering brings with the engineers whose sole purpose is to practice the application of planning, it's design and operation of various infrastructures while safeguarding the public and environmental health simultaneously as well as improving and working over the existing infrastructure which is neglected.
Civil Engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal involving the government and in case of private deals from individual homeowners to the international companies.
Another name for the Civil Engineering is the Construction Engineering. The public sector structures which include tunnels, dams, sewers, bridges, highways, airports, railway lines, industrial plants, etc come to this category of Civil Engineering.

Highlights

The general highlights on the course of Civil Engineering can be:

Course Level

Diploma, B.Tech (UG), M.Tech (PG)

Duration

2-3 years, 4 years, 2 years Respectively

Examination Type

Semester Type

Eligibility

10+2 with Science Subjects

Course Fee

20,000 - 4 lakh rupees per annum

Average Salary

3 - 15 lakh rupees per annum

Top Recruiting Areas

Colleges & universities, Civil & Interior (Projects), Water Resources (Public Infrastructure), Engineering Transportation, Tunnel Engineering, Constructer Companies, Roadway Engineering, Land Development/Site Design

Eligibility

Courses

Duration

Eligibility

Entrances

Diploma 2 - 3 years Candidates should have passed their 10th class with Science and Mathematics as one of their subjects and should have scored a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate. A state-level entrance exam, merit basis
B.E/B.TECH 4 years Candidates should have passed XII with PCM as compulsory subjects with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate from any recognized Institution/University. JEE Main, BITSAT, OJEE
M.E/M.TECH 2 years Candidates should have a B.E./B.Tech degree in Civil Engineering or B. Architecture/B. Planning with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks from any Institution. GATE

Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for the aspirants regarding Civil Engineering for the nation are numerous and still growing. The top recruiters here of the nation are :

  • Larsen and Toubro
  • Tata Group
  • Jaiprakash  Associates
  • Reliance Infrastructure Limited
  • Lanco Infratech
  • Hindustan Construction Company
  • Gammon
  • Afcons 
  • Shobha Developers
  • Punj Lloyd

Admissions Process

For Diploma in Civil Engineering:
The admission process for Diploma in Civil Engineering generally varies across colleges. Most institutes offer direct admission on the basis of merit list from the academic performance.

For B.Tech in Civil Engineering:

Direct Admission: The admission process for the Civil Engineering in some engineering institutes have their own criteria for the admission. They either offer the admission basis of their respective merit list in the qualifying exam which is 10+2 or equivalent to that.  Also, there are some seats reserved in private engineering colleges, while the fee structure is comparatively higher than the others.

Direct Admission for Diploma Holders:  Various engineering colleges of the nation also offers direct admission. These are offered to the ITI diploma holders in the second year of the respective course.

Entrance Exams: There are also entrance exams in India at the respective states and the national level. Among which is the JEE Main which is the most sought for the engineering entrances.

For M.Tech in Civil Engineering:
The admission process generally consists of a written examination and an interview thereafter. Most institutes provide direct admission to candidates who have a relatively high percentage in academics in their 10, +2, and B.Tech. But, to apply for IITs, the candidate must have a valid GATE score.

Syllabus

For Diploma in Civil Engineering:

Diploma in Civil Engineering can be 2 years or 3 years as per institute.

Year I Year II Year III
Professional Communication Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Design of Steel & Masonry Structure
Applied Mathematics I Strength of Material Design of Reinforced Concrete Structure
Applied Physics Hydraulics Transpiration Engineering
Applied Chemistry Public Health Engineering Estimating, Costing & Valuation
Applied Mechanics Thermal Engineering Construction Management, Accounts & Entrepreneurship Development
Engineering Drawing Building const. & Maintenance Engineering Surveying II
Computer Application for Engineering Concrete Technology Civil Engineering Drawing
Workshop Practice Civil Engineering Drawing Irrigation Engineering
Building Material Surveying Environmental Pollution & Control
    Earthquake Engineering
    Civil Lab-III (RCC & Highway)
    Field Exposure

For B.Tech in Civil Engineering:

B. Tech in Civil Engineering is of 4 years comprising 8 semesters.

Year I:

Semester I Semester II
Engineering Maths I Engineering Physics
Engineering Chemistry Engineering Maths II
Basic Electronics Engineering Mechanics
Basic Thermodynamics Basic Electrical Engg
Engineering Graphics Communication Skills
Engineering Chemistry Lab Computer Fundamental and Programming Engg. Physics Lab
Material Science Lab Basic Electrical Engg Lab
Basic Electronics Engg. Lab Communication Skills Lab
Workshop Practice II Computer Fundamental and Programming Lab, Workshop Practice I

Year II:

Semester III Semester IV
Differential Equations, Probability, and Statistics Numerical Analysis
Engineering Economics Theory of Structure
Strength of Material Soil Mechanics
Fluid Mechanics Surveying
Civil Engineering Materials and Building Construction Engineering Geology
Fluid Mechanics Lab Soil Mechanics Lab
Civil Engineering Material and Building Construction Lab Surveying Lab
Extra-Curricular Activity I Extra-Curricular Activity II

Year III:

Semester V Semester VI
Dynamics of Behavioural Science in Industries    Steel Structure Design
Open elective I Environment Engg. I
Concrete Structure Design Transportation Engg. II
Transportation Engg. I Irrigation Engg. and Hydrology
Theory of Structure Lab Structural Drawing
Survey Camp Minor Project
Transportation Engg. Lab Environment. Engg. Lab

Year IV:

Semester VII Semester VIII
Foundation Engineering Design of Hydraulic Structure
Project Management and Quantity Surveying Departmental Elective II
Solid Wastes and Environmental Pollution Departmental Elective III
Departmental Elective I Departmental Elective IV
Industrial training Viva Major Project II
Major Project 1  
Seminar  

For M.Tech in Civil Engineering:

M.Tech in Civil Engineering is of 2 years. The syllabus for this course varies according to the specialization chosen by the student. here we have provided the syllabus for a few of those specializations.

Building Technology and Construction Management Structural Engineering Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering Water Resources Engineering
Advanced Concrete Technology Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design Advanced Air Quality Management Advanced Railway Engineering Advanced Fluid Mechanics
Building Acoustics and Noise Control Advanced Structural Analysis Advanced Wastewater Treatment Analysis & Structural Design of Pavements Design of Hydraulic Systems
Building Services Analysis & Design of Plates & Shells Environmental Impact & Risk Assessment Geometric Design of Highways Ground Water Assessment & Development
Computer Applications in Construction Bridge Engineering Environmental Legislation & Policy Highway and Airport Pavement Materials Hydraulic Structures & Hydro Power Engineering
Construction Contracts and Specifications Material Technology Industrial Pollution Prevention & Clean Technologies Mass Transit Systems Hydrology and Hydraulics of Surface and Sub-Surface Water
Construction Engineering and Management Structural Dynamics & Earthquake Engineering Principles of Environmental Management Planning & Design of Airports Hydrologic Element and Analysis
Functional Design of Buildings Finite Element Method Water and Wastewater Engineering Traffic Engineering & Traffic Flow Theory Open Channel Flow
Modern Construction Materials High Rise Structures   Transportation Systems, Analysis & Modelling Water Quality Modelling & Management
Quality and Safety Management Stability of Structures   Transportation Systems Planning Water Resources Management

Skills Required

The nation is demanding for the technology revolution. Regarding this and considering this, the growing industries with a target to complete the spaces domestically and overseas. The nation is aiming to spread its wings in every corner of the country. The industrial expansion is on the pace, civil engineering is remarking and is a promising career option for these young aspirants.

Civil Engineers vital roles with their skilled professionals. Some of the roles could be as :

  • Research, Planning, designing, management of the structure.
  • Monitoring developments and analysis.
  • Construction, installation, and modification of the structure.
  • Rectifying issues and problems using scientific principles/fundamentals.
  • Execution/implementation, the operation of the defined plan.

Top Entrances

When it comes to Civil Engineering which also known as the Constructional Engineering, the candidates appearing for various engineering entrance for their career. The topmost entrance exams  that are the gateway for the aspirants are:

Career & Job Projects

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Salary Per Annum

Civil Engineer

Civil engineers are responsible for creating, protecting, and improving the environment where we live. They design, plan, and oversee the construction and maintenance of building construction and structures. They also plan and design some systems like roads, airports, railways, harbors, budges, power plants, dams, bridges, and sewage systems.

3 - 6 lakhs

Technical Officer

Technical Officers work with computers and may also draw sketches. Designers choose artwork and type size to produce an effective visual image. They have expertise with software graphics in order to design layouts and create animation effects. They use computer graphics to animate ideas and information with sound and movement. They work on films to create titles and credits to evoke a feeling that mirrors the movie theme. They may create charts or use a certain color or typeface to highlight text.

8 - 9 lakhs

Field Inspectors

Field Inspectors perform visual investigations through taking photographs of an area, and writing subsequent reports for banks and organizations, so as to appraise a property's estimation.

2 - 4 lakhs

Quality Control Engineer

A Quality Control Engineer is an expert who applies principles of product and service quality assessment and control, as indicated by the Energy Facility Contractors Group. Quality Engineers work in assembling plants, assuming liability for the nature of an organization's projects and services.

2 - 4 lakhs

Site Supervisor

The Site Supervisor will be responsible for supervising a building project. Alternatively, the post holder will be responsible for supervising a section of works on a building project reporting to the Site Manager/Site Agent.

2 - 3 lakhs

Assistant Executive Engineer

Assistant Executive Engineers usually the ones responsible for recruiting and interviewing quality people to staff your location, making sure these new employees transition as smoothly as possible into their jobs. They should be a good teacher who tries to help employees who are having difficulty picking up new skills. Their job is to be attentive to your employees by motivating them to succeed and improve. Keep their staff in high spirits and be as helpful as possible to customers and clients.

10 - 11 lakhs

FAQs

Q: Can I get involved in research or other group projects?
A:
Yes you can be involved. Undergraduates have worked on research projects from mine drainage to construction robots to design methods aided by computers.

Q: What is the difference between civil and environmental engineering?
A:
Civil engineers focus on the development of various structures, including roads, buildings, and airports, while environmental engineers create different projects that can solve environmental issues.

Q: What is the work of a civil engineer?
A: 
Civil engineers are responsible for creating, protecting, and improving the environment where we live. They design, plan, and oversee the construction and maintenance of building construction and structures. They also plan and design some systems like roads, airports, railways, harbors, budges, power plants, dams, bridges, and sewage systems.

Q: What is the average salary of a civil engineer?
A:
Civil engineers earn an average salary of 3 - 6 lakh rupees per annum.

Q: What is the admission process of M.Tech in Civil Engineering?
A: 
The admission process generally consists of a written examination and an interview thereafter. Most institutes provide direct admission to candidates who have a relatively high percentage in academics in their 10, +2, and B.Tech. But, to apply for IITs, the candidate must have a valid GATE score.

Q: Is Civil Engineering a good career?
A:
 To earn a high-level civil engineer salary you must largely contribute to the environment and buildings around us. Such structures include roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Due to its strict requirements, civil engineering is one of the highest-paid careers you can find.

Q: In which areas I can get a job after completing Civil Engineering?
A:
After completing civil engineering, one can get a job in the following areas:

  • Civil & Interior (Projects)
  • Water Resources (Public Infrastructure
  • Engineering Transportation
  • Tunnel Engineering
  • Constructer Companies
  • Roadway Engineering
  • Land Development/Site Design
  • Colleges & universities (As professors)
Q: What are the skills required to become a civil engineer?
A:
Skills required to become a civil engineer are:
  • Research, Planning, designing, management of the structure.
  • Monitoring developments and analysis.
  • Construction, installation, and modification of the structure.
  • Rectifying issues and problems using scientific principles/fundamentals.
  • Execution/implementation, the operation of the defined plan.

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