TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. Having an international degree in today’s competitive world adds an extra charm to a candidate’s personality. It not only opens up a new horizon but also enhances the person’s employment opportunities. Over the years, it has been observed that there are many people who start catching flights to foreign countries, with the aim of achieving an international degree; be it in Engineering, Medical or Management. But, getting admission in any of the foreign universities is not as easy as it sounds. One has to go through few entrance exams, serving as prerequisites for admission to the foreign universities. TOEFL exam is one of such exams, which is conducted every year to judge the comprehensive understanding of English as a language among those students who wish to pursue higher education in foreign countries. The exam is taken to test the reading, listening, speaking and writing skills of aspiring students. It’s an online exam that is offered 50 times a year. TOEFL exam is conducted online as well as offline mode. However, people generally opt for the Internet-based test. Currently, 8,500 colleges and universities scattered over 130 countries, use the TOEFL exam’s score.
The TOEFL exam can be scheduled any time round the year. The test dates are available for about 50 times in a year. If you already have a test appointment, you cannot register for another test date that is within 3 days of your existing appointment.The registration fee is due each time you register for a test date.
The candidate has to bring the appointment letter on the test day. Candidates should bring at least 2 forms of acceptable ID each time they report to a test center. Each ID document must be
1. an original document(photocopied documents are not acceptable)
2. be valid; expired documents (bearing expiration dates that have passed) are not acceptable
3. include the test taker's full name matching exactly the name used to register
4. include a recent photograph that clearly matches the test taker
5. include the test taker's signature
If you do not bring valid and acceptable identification, or if the name on your ID does not exactly match the name on your registration, you will not be permitted to test and your test fee will not be refunded. You may be required to provide a supplemental ID, if the test administrator questions the ID you present.
Exam Day Instructions as released on the official website
Before the Test
Plan to arrive at the test center at least 30 minutes before your specified start time. If you are late, you may not be able to take the test.
ETS reserves the right to verify your identity at registration and/or at check-in at the test center, which may include:
Biometric voice and photo identification
Before the test, you will receive instructions from test center staff regarding where to store personal items. You may be asked to empty your pockets, pull up your sleeves and raise your slacks/pant legs above your ankles for visual inspection. You will not have access to your personal items during the testing session except for food, beverages and medication, which may be accessed during breaks.
To ensure unauthorized aids are not brought into the testing room, additional visual inspection of clothing, footwear and ID documents may be conducted. You may be required to remove your eyeglasses for close visual inspection. These inspections will be done at check-in and upon your return from breaks. Unless an inspection is required for use or possession of an unauthorized aid during the testing session, removal of footwear is prohibited in the testing room.
ETS also reserves the right to ensure the security of test content using electronic detection scanning devices (for example, hand-held metal detectors/wands). Failure to comply will result in dismissal from the test center, and your test fee will not be refunded.
Your photo will be taken and placed at your assigned seat. It will also appear on your score reports.
You will be asked to sign a required confidentiality agreement.
You may be required to remove your eyeglasses for close visual inspection. The inspection takes a few seconds and will be done at check-in and when you return from breaks.
Dress in layers so that you will be comfortable in varying room temperatures. If you need to remove an item of clothing during the test (for example, a sweater), you will be instructed to place it in the storage area provided by the test center at check-in. If no storage area is available, the item may be hung on the back of your chair. If you leave the testing room to go to the storage area, this will be considered an unscheduled break — you will be asked to sign in and out of the testing room and show your ID. Note: The test clock will not stop during this time.
ID documents are the only personal items you are allowed to have in the testing room. Phones, watches or any other electronic, recording, listening, scanning or photographic devices are not permitted during the test or during breaks. In some test centers where there is no secure storage space available for your personal belongings, you may receive a plastic bag in which to store them. The plastic bag will be placed under your chair.
If you are seen using or accessing any electronic device and/or transmitting test content — including but not limited to text messaging, email and photographs — your device will be inspected and may be confiscated. You may not access personal items during breaks, other than food, non-alcoholic beverages or medications.
Clothing and other personal items are subject to inspection by the test center supervisor. You may also be prohibited from wearing certain clothing or hair accessories in the testing room. Items that may be inspected and/or prohibited include, but are not limited to:
jackets and other outerwear
jewelry (other than wedding rings)
Test centers and ETS assume no responsibility for personal items you choose to bring to the test center.
Your seat will be assigned by the test administrator.
No schedule changes can be made at the test center.
Testing premises may be video recorded for security reasons.
If you refuse or fail to follow any instructions of test center staff, you will not be permitted to test and your test fee will not be refunded. Any violation of these or other procedures during the test or during breaks may result in dismissal from the test center and/or cancellation of your test scores.
During the Test
If you need help for any reason, raise your hand.
Phones, watches or any other electronic devices are not permitted during the test or during breaks.
If you have health-related needs requiring you to bring equipment, beverages or snacks into the testing room or to take extra or extended breaks, these accommodations must be requested before you register for the test. Procedures for requesting accommodations are described in the Bulletin Supplement for Test Takers with Disabilities or Health-related Needs (PDF).
Test takers cannot leave the testing room or the test center building without permission during the test or during breaks.
A standard QWERTY English-language keyboard is used for the test. It is a good idea to practice on this type of keyboard prior to the test so that you are familiar with the layout and function keys. In some countries, the common keyboard used is configured to QWERTY and a template is provided to each test taker to help with locating the few keys that are in a different location.
Scratch paper is provided and must all be returned at the end of the test. You must use up all your scratch paper and return it to test center staff before you can ask for more. Do not tear or remove part of any of the pieces of scratch paper.
After the Test
Your scores will be posted online approximately 6 days after the test date.
You can view your scores through your ETS account, either online or via the TOEFL® official app.
Online: Log in to your account and select "View Scores" on your home page.
Via the TOEFL® official app: Select the "Scores" tab at the bottom of your Home page. Tap the menu next to the appropriate test date and select "Score Details."
You can also download and print a PDF version of your score report from your account within 8 days after your test.
Scores are also mailed to you (if you requested a paper copy) and sent to the institutions or agencies you selected, approximately 11 days after the test date.
You can take the test again to improve your scores. There is no limit to the number of times you can take the test, but you cannot take it more than once within a 3-day period. If you already have a test appointment, you cannot register for another test within 3 days of your original appointment. This policy will be enforced even if a violation is not immediately identified. If a violation is identified after scores have been reported, ETS will cancel the scores and notify any recipients of the cancellation by sending them a copy of your cancellation letter. Your test fee will not be refunded.
TOEFL Exam Pattern:
TOEFL iBT test time has been shortened by 30 minutes, to just 3 hours, with no changes to the overall test format or question types. Earlier the test was conducted for a duration of 3 hours and 30 Minutes. The number of questions has also been reduced. T
The candidates have to the choice to select the test center. If the test centre is available on that date when exam is scheduled then it will be alloted to the candidate.Once you select a test center, you will have 20 minutes to complete your registration. If you have an advance reservation code, schedule your test appointment with the code.
The Indian cities where TOEFL test is conducted are Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Calcutta, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Dehradun, Delhi, Fatehpur, Gandhinagar, Greater Noida, Guindy, Gurgaon, Hyderabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Kolkata, Pune, Lucknow, Ludhiana, Madurai, Mumbai, Mussoorie, Mysore, Nashik, Nizamabad, Panjim, Patna, Ranchi, Secunderabad, Surat, Trivandrum, Udaipur, Vadodara, Vijayawada, and Visakhapatnam.
TOEFL Registration / Application Form
You can also register online up to just 2 days before the test (formerly 4 days). The standard late registration fee still applies from 7 days before the test.
Candidates, who are interested in appearing for TOEFL exam, must register themselves. Registration can be done in any one of the following four methods i.e. Online, Phone and in Person. Due to the availability of the internet, many people opt for Online Registration. The required waiting period between TOEFL iBT tests has been reduced from 12 days to 3 days, which allows testing on consecutive weekends, as available dates permit.
For Online Registration, candidates should enter their personal details without any error. The online registration should be made seven days before the test. Payment of examination fee can be made by using credit cards or debit cards.
After filling the Registration form (PDF version), the student should review it and make a call to the regional registration office of TOEFL. During the call, students will be asked to spell their details correctly. The call should be made until 5.00 in the evening. Payment can be done by using a credit card or debit card. Candidate can also use electronic check for making payments.
Registration in Person
In some regions, candidates can register themselves by visiting a local regional office of TOEFL. The registration process can be done against the cash payment of $ 144 (Rs. 5500).
The fee to reschedule is US$60 and must be paid before you can register for a new date.
Online: Log in to your ETS account, and click "Upcoming Tests" on your Home page.
Select the test appointment you want to cancel or change, and then click "View/Modify."
By phone: You have to provide name and application number to the Regional Registration Center
Note: You cannot reschedule or cancel by mail, email or at the test center.
If you cancel your registration before the 4-day deadline, you will be refunded 50 percent of the original test fee you paid. No refunds are given for other services.
Refunds are given in U.S. dollars and include taxes as applicable. Cash refunds are not available.
If you paid by credit/debit card or e-check, the refund will be credited to the original credit/debit card or bank account you used to pay.
The TOEFL test is given in English and administered via the Internet. There are four sections (listening, reading, speaking and writing) which take a total of about four and a half hours to complete.
In this section, you will read 3-5 passages and answer 12-14 questions about each passage.
Question : 3–4 passages, 10 questions each
No. of questions: About 40
Time: 54-72 minutes
In the test section, you will hear short conversations as well as long conversations. This section is MCQ based. After hearing the conversation you will be asked to answer questions based on that
Question : a) 3–4 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words),6 questions each; About 30 questions in total
b) 2–3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each; About 12 questions in total
No. of questions: 40+
Time: 41–57 minutes
This section tests your speaking ability. It checks your understanding of the given topic and your fluency
Speaking Questions covered in TOEFL Syllabus:
a) 1 independent task (prep time: 15 sec; response time: 45 sec)
b) 3 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 30 sec; response time: 60 sec)
Total no. of questions: 4
Total time: 17 minutes
In order to score well in this section, you should have a comprehensive understanding of the topic and write with proper grammar, provide with texts that support your answer
Writing Questions Covered in TOEFL Syllabus:
a) 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening
time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
b) 1 independent task (30 minutes)
Total no. of questions: 2
Total time: 50 minutes
Scores are posted online approximately 6 days after the test date, instead of 10 days. The PDF version of the score report is available to download within 8 days after your test. Score reports are also mailed to you (if you requested a paper copy) and sent to your selected institutions or agencies within 11 days after the test date.
A new feature has been released recently which is "my best scores" that combines your best scores for each section from all of your valid TOEFL iBT scores in the last 2 years.
For the TOEFL iBT® test, administered via the internet, you will receive 4 scaled section scores and a total score:
Reading Section (Score of: 0–30)
Listening Section (Score of: 0–30)
Speaking Section (Score of: 0–30)
Writing Section (Score of: 0–30)
Total Score (0–120)
TOEFL scores remain valid for 2 years after the test date. Because language proficiency can change considerably in a relatively short period of time, TOEFL scores more than 2 years old cannot be reported or verified.
View Your TOEFL iBT® Scores Online
Another advantage of the TOEFL iBT test is the ability to view your scores online or via the TOEFL® official app, approximately 6 days after you take the test.
Online: Click "View Scores and Score Recipients" on your Home page to see your scores. Then, select "View Scores."
Via the app: Tap the "Scores" tab at the bottom of your Home page. From the menu next to the appropriate test date, tap "Score Details."
See the list of dates (PDF) for an estimate of when you will be able to view your scores. You will also receive an email letting you know when your scores are available.
You can download and print a PDF copy of your test taker score report from your account, within 8 days after you take the test. The list of dates (PDF) gives an estimate of when your PDF score report will be available. Note: PDF score reports are currently not available for tests taken in China.
Official Score Reports
Printed score reports are sent to your score recipients within 11 days after your test date. Allow 7–10 days after that date for mail delivery in the United States, and more time for mail delivery to other locations. ETS has no control over mail delivery. For information specific to your postal system, contact your post office for an estimated arrival date for mail from the United States. Your scores are valid for 2 years and can be sent to other institutions or agencies during that time.
Each of 4 tasks is rated from 0 to 4. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
A combination of AI and ETS-certified test scorers rate responses and evaluate how well you develop your topic and deliver your message in English.
See the TOEFL iBT Speaking Section Scoring Guide (PDF).
The 2 tasks are rated from 0 to 5. The sum is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
The Writing section is scored by:
evaluating the integrated writing task for development, organization, grammar, vocabulary, accuracy and completeness
rating the independent writing essay on overall writing quality, including development, organization, grammar and vocabulary
Human rating — multiple, rigorously trained raters score tests anonymously. ETS raters are continually monitored to ensure fairness and the highest quality.
e-rater® — AI scoring technology is used with human ratings to score the independent and integrated writing tasks. Using both human judgment for content and meaning with automated scoring for linguistic features ensures consistent, quality scores.