2018 would be remembered as the landmark year in the history of Indian education sector. Many experimental and significant proposals in the field of education have been brought into action by the Government in a hope of increasing efficiency and transparency in the country’s educational system. One of the major moves is the setting up of National Testing Agency (NTA). NTA is a statutory body, which has been approved by the Union Cabinet for conducting entrance examinations of JEE, NEET, CTET, UGC NET, etc. Till date, these exams were conducted by The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). CBSE is a Board of Education for public and private schools, under the Union Government of India. The agency would take over the examinations which are currently being conducted by CBSE and eventually cover other entrance examinations too. The setting up of NTA would allow students to have access to one standardized test and also the uneven difficulty level in various settings in an exam can be eliminated.
The main purpose of the NTA is to relieve Central Board of Secondary Education from its duties of conducting entrance examinations so that it could focus on improving the quality of higher education in the country. NTA would conduct the entrance exams twice a year from 2019 onwards. As a result of which those, who are not able to qualify for the entrance examination in the first attempt, can go for another attempt without wasting a year. Earlier, students used to remain disappointed due to wastage of time.
Things you need to know about National Testing Agency.
Ø NTA is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860 and will function as an autonomous body.
Ø It will conduct various entrance examinations like JEE, NEET, CTET, UGC NET twice a year and the exam will be conducted in online mode.
Ø NTA was proposed in the budget of 2017-18 and the Government has allocated a fund of Rs. 25 crores for NTA to begin operation in the first year. In the upcoming years, the agency will become self-sustainable.
Ø The NTA will be chaired by the eminent educationists appointed by Human Resources Development Ministry, the CEO will be the Director-General, who will be appointed by the government and there will be a Board of Governors comprising members from user institutions.
Ø It is also expected that setting up NTA will help avoid conflicts about varying levels of difficulty in different sets of question paper.
It is believed that NTA will benefit medical and engineering aspirants tremendously. A systematic and biannual exam would be able to fill up vacant seats more effectively resulting in negligible wastage of seat in educational institutions, which used to remain vacant due to system flaws. The entrance examinations will be organised online in a systematic manner to avoid any malpractices and discrepancies. It will maintain strict discipline and avoid discrepancies that arise in various sets of question papers. Students will no longer stay under pressure to take their entrance examination soon after appearing their board examinations. If not qualified in the first attempt the students would not have to wait a long year to sit in exam again.