Food technology is a branch of science in which the food science is applied in manufacturing and preservations of food products. The food technologists study the chemical, physical and microbiological makeup of the food. The food is processed, preserved, packaged and stored according to the specifications by industry and government. The research and development in food technology have resulted into the production of safe and nutritious foods. The application of food science helps in manufacturing safe, wholesome and nutritious food products. The study of food technology is to develop new methods and systems for keeping food products safe and resistant to natural harms such as bacteria and other micro-organisms. Food processing helps in preservation enhances the flavour and reduces the toxins in the food product which results in better distributional efficiency and easy marketing of the food product. The food processing industries manufacture a large variety of food products. They include the primary foods like rice and wheat products, oil, sugar and pulses. They are processed to convert into edible form.
The modern food processing techniques are the key to flourishing supermarkets we have today. Extra nutrients can be added while processing the food and processed food is less susceptible to spoilage. Some of the techniques used are spray drying, juice concentrates, freeze drying and the introduction of artificial sweeteners, colourants, and preservatives. Of late, many products such as dried instant soups, reconstituted fruits and juices, and self-cooking meals were developed for the convenience of working people. Food technology courses can be a good career option. There is increasing scope of food technology courses in India.
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION
The specializations in the field of food technology are as the following-
UG (4 years)
To take admission into an undergraduate course in Food Technology/ Food Science, a candidate should have passed 10+2 in science stream. Courses offered in B.Sc. and B.Tech are-
PG (2 Years)
To take admission into a postgraduate course in Food Technology/ Food Science, a candidate must have completed his/her Bachelor of Science/ B.Tech in Food technology/ food science from the recognized university. Courses offered in M.Sc and M.Tech with the duration of 2 years after the completion of UG degree in engineering.
Diploma (3 Years)
Food technologists are in demand in the sectors such as hotels, quality control, soft drink factories, food industries, packaging, industries, hospitals, distilleries and rice mills. There are plenty of job opportunities for food technologists in the country. Food technology graduates also have the option to take traditional professions such as teaching and working in food research laboratories or even start up own business venture as a food consultant. Public Sector such as Food Corporation of India also employ food technology graduates and diploma holders in food technology can work as food Inspector and junior executive in the state government.
Major job providing companies in this field are MTR Foods limited, Amul, Dabur India Ltd., Parle Products Pvt Ltd, Godrej Industrial Limited, Nestle India Pvt Ltd, ITC Limited, Agro Tech Foods, Hindustan Lever Limited, Cadbury India Ltd., PepsiCo India Holdings, Britannia Industries Ltd,
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