An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats eye disease, which includes performing eye surgery. Ophthalmology is a fairly broad field that combines surgery and medicine. Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat eye diseases in both children and adults. Sub-specialties include cataract and refractive surgery, uveitis and ocular immunology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, ophthalmic pathology and neuro-ophthalmology.
Coursework covers the entire spectrum of eye care, including the prescription of glasses and contact lenses, medical treatment and complex microsurgery. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a 5.5-year programme. Furthermore, ophthalmologists in training are introduced to various facets of the eye such as corneal, glaucoma, retina, uvea, optic nerves and visual pathway.
Ophthalmologists and ophthalmic technologists are employed in hospitals, clinics and medical offices. In addition, ophthalmologists are qualified for jobs in private practices, while ophthalmic technologists are hired in medical centers. Ophthalmic technologists may specialize in a certain area, such as ophthalmic ultrasonography, ophthalmic photography, low-vision optics or ophthalmic surgical assisting. The majority of ophthalmic medical technicians work in the offices of physicians.
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