Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. The term ophthalmology originated from the Greek words ophthalmos which means “eye” and logos which means “word.” This literally means the “science of eyes.” People refer to a certified doctor for this science as an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats eye disease, which includes performing eye surgery. Ophthalmology is a fairly broad field that combines surgery and medicine. Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat eye diseases in both children and adults. Sub-specialties include cataract and refractive surgery, uveitis and ocular immunology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, ophthalmic pathology and neuro-ophthalmology. Coursework covers the entire spectrum of eye care, including the prescription of glasses and contact lenses, medical treatment and complex microsurgery. There are various eye doctors but they have different specializations. Here are some pointers to identify them:
Ophthalmology is the postgraduate level education and can be pursued only after the completion of MBBS. So the steps involved in this process are as follows-
Human values and humanities don’t come with educational degrees. Though these doctors deal with humans at their most crucial stages so they should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding etc. In addition to these a good doctor should have the ability to deal with young patients( children) with love and the ability to understand their behavior, Good communication skills and keen observation and playful manner around children.
FUTURE PROSPECTS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY
Ophthalmologists have multiple career options. Central and state governments recruit ophthalmologists for hospitals run by them. Departmental hospitals run by Railways and Defence and hospitals run by PSU are also a good option available to ophthalmologists. However most of the ophthalmologists prefer private hospitals, nursing homes and clinics because of high pay packages. Experienced ophthalmologists also can start their own eye-clinics. Some of them also can work with NGOs, missionary hospitals and charitable hospitals. Highly qualified and experienced ophthalmologists can work as faculty in government and private medical colleges. They also can involve themselves in research activities of organizations like ICMR.
TOP MEDICAL COLLEGES FOR OPHTHALMOLOGY
SOME OF THE BEST BOOKS FOR OPHTHALMOLOGY