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Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders. Historically, Hepatology grew out of gastroenterology and so became a subfield of it but today it is emerging as a freestanding medical specialty. The liver is the body's largest organ and Hepatology is a large field. It includes the study of acute and chronic hepatitis, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, genetic and metabolic liver diseases and their complications, liver cancer, liver transplantation, drug metabolism (which depends largely upon the liver), and immunology as it pertains to the liver.

Dr. Sheila Sherlock (1918-2001), was a pioneer in the science of liver disease, is considered the "mother of hepatology." Her book, "Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System" which she first published in 1955, was the first standard textbook on clinical liver disease.



Hepatology is the postgraduate level education and can be pursued only after the completion of MBBS. So the steps involved in the process of becoming a Hepatologists are as follows-

  • First of all students are required to pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects.
  • To take admission in MBBS programme, students are required to appear the entrance test namely NEET
  • Earn MBBS degree from a well-recognized medical institution.
  • Appear the entrance tests like JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, NEET PG for taking admission in MD/MS course.
  • Choose Hepatology as a specialization in MD/MS.
  • Candidates seeking admission in doctorate level course, are selected on the basis of performance in the qualifying examination and entrance exam. Various Institutions conduct their own entrance test for admission doctoral level courses.



Bachelor Courses (4 year)

  • MBBS

Master Courses (3 year)



Human values and humanities don’t come with educational degrees. Though these doctors deal with humans at their most crucial stages so they should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding etc. In addition to these a good doctor should have the ability to deal with young patients( children) with love and the ability to understand their behavior, Good communication skills and keen observation and playful manner around children.



The practice of hepatology has evolved tremendously over the past several years. The development of increasingly effective antiviral therapy has transformed the management of viral hepatitis; likewise, the availability of liver transplantation as a viable treatment option in the setting of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) or hepatocellular carcinoma has vastly changed the outlook for patients with advanced liver disease. Treatment strategies for patients with chronic liver diseases have become more complex and the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, ESLD associated with hepatitis C, and hepatocellular carcinoma are expected to increase over the next decade.



  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Own Health Care
  • Research centres
  • Medical Health Centre



  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS)         
  • Christian Medical College (CMC)               Vellore
  • Madras Medical College (MMC)
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi.
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore.
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune.
  • JIPMER College, Puducherry.    



  • CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment
  • Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Review and Assessment
  • Hepatitis C: A Complete Guide for Patients and Families
  • Harrison's Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • Emergencies in Gastroenterology and Hepatology