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Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study and control of disease or injury patterns in human populations. When food poisoning or an influenza outbreak attacks a community, epidemiologist or “disease detectives”, are asked to investigate the cause of disease and control its spread. Epidemiologists work at all stages of the outbreak with other public health practitioners to identify and stop the outbreak. The word epidemiology comes from the Greek words epi, meaning "on or upon," demos, meaning "people," and logos, meaning "the study of." Epidemiologist do fieldwork to determine what causes disease or injury, what the risks are associated with health outcomes, what populations are at risk, and how to prevent further incidences of a disease, behavior, or transmission. They consider the demographic and social trends of populations in relation to a disease and injury.  Epidemiologists are often credited with the initial discovery and containment of an outbreaks, such as avian flu or mad cow disease.

 

ELIGIBILITY

Epidemiology is the postgraduate level education and can be pursued only after the completion of MBBS. So the steps involved in the process of becoming an epidemiologist are as follows-

  • First of all students are required to pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects.
  • To take admission in MBBS programme, students are required to appear the entrance test namely NEET
  • Earn MBBS degree from a well-recognized medical institution.
  • Appear the entrance tests like JIPMER PG, AIIMS PG, NEET PG for taking admission in MD/MS course.
  • Choose Epidemiology as a specialization in MD/MS.
  • Candidates seeking admission in doctorate level course, are selected on the basis of performance in the qualifying examination and entrance exam. Various Institutions conduct their own entrance test for admission doctoral level courses.

 

PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES

Human values and humanities don’t come with educational degrees. Though these doctors deal with humans at their most crucial stages so they should possess certain qualities like patience, politeness, ability to build harmonious relationship with their patients, strong ethics, service mentality, self-motivation, understanding etc. In addition to these a good doctor should have the ability to deal with young patients( children) with love and the ability to understand their behavior, Good communication skills and keen observation and playful manner around children.

 

JOB AREAS

  • Government Hospitals
  • Private Hospitals
  • Own Health Care
  • Research centres
  • Medical Health Centres

 

TOP MEDICAL COLLEGES FOR EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • Christian Medical College
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute
  • King George`s Medical University

 

SOME OF THE BEST BOOKS FOR EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance
  • The Hot Zone: The Terrifying True Story of the Origins of the Ebola Virus
  • Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic
  • Beating Back the Devil: On the Front Lines with the Disease Detectives of the Epidemic Intelligence Service
  • The Great Mortality: An Intimate History of the Black Death, the Most Devastating Plague of All Time
  • Epidemiology by Leon Gordis