Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. In India, training in dentistry is through a 5-year BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) course, which includes 4 years of study followed by one year of internship.
A programme in Dentistry trains a student in treating people of oral diseases, maintaining their oral health by diagnosis, prevention, and healing of cavities, dentures , gum related diseases. This programme also covers cosmetic dentistry which is an emerging trend nowadays for restructuring, shaping, teeth whitening, smile enhancement etc.
Students will take courses in general and specific areas of dentistry, including oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral radiology, anesthesia, restorative dentistry, geriatric dentistry and pediatric dentistry. They also complete clinical experiences in which they work on patients' teeth under supervision, and such work may take place at a hospital or dental clinic.
Common concepts learned in dentistry courses:
• Human anatomy and physiology
• Periodontics best practices
• Pharmacology and dentistry
• Orthodontic care
• Principles of dentistry
After completing a dentistry program, individuals must obtain state licensure to work as general dentists. This typically requires passing an exam with both practical and written components. Those desiring to become a dental specialist need to pursue more training through a residency and obtain specialty licensure in their state as well.
UG Programme - Candidates who have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology, with at least 50% marks along with a good score in entrance tests for UG programme (BDS).
PG Programme - Must hold Bachelor degree in Dental Surgery from any recognized Dental College/University
• Bachelor of Dental Science
• Master of Dental Science
SCOPE OF DENTISTRY:
• Work as a dental specialist, assistant, dental lab technician, Dental Hygienist in government or private Hospitals
• Start practicing at private clinics
• Teach as a professor or lecturer at Dental Colleges/Hospitals
Job Prospects for Dentists:
• Dentists, general
• Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
• Dentists, all other specialists
• Community & Preventive Dentistry
• Conservative Dentistry/Crown & Bridge
• General Human Anatomy
• Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
• Oral Biology
• Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine
• Periodontology & Periodontics
• Principles of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine
• Principles of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging