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Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies physical sciences (physics and chemistry) and life sciences (microbiology and biochemistry) together with applied mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport, and properly use chemicals, materials and energy. Chemical Engineers work out economically efficient, safe and environment friendly methods for production of chemicals on a large scale. Equipment for the processing of chemicals and related products such as plastic, pharmaceuticals, detergents, foodstuff etc. are also designed and maintained by Chemical Engineers.

 Chemical Engineering has made a scientific breakthrough by creating synthetic replacements for our limited natural materials and resources. The study of chemical engineering involves manufacturing plastics, paints, fuels, fibres, medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, paper, and other types of chemicals by carrying out chemical reactions and purifications; inventing cleaner technologies for protecting the environment; and finding ways to recycle the waste products.

 

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION

  • Food Processing
  • Electrochemical
  • Electronic Materials
  • Electronic Engineering Safety
  • Electronic Materials Physics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Energy
  • Polymers
  • Statistics
  • Biochemical Engineering
  • Environmental
  • Process Control
  • Electrochemical

 

ELIGIBILITY

UG courses

 To pursue an undergraduate course in chemical engineering, candidates should be 10+2 pass with 50% marks in physics, chemistry and mathematics from recognized Board examination. Most of the colleges offer admission on the basis of score obtained in national/state level entrance test like JEE main and JEE advanced.

 PG courses

 To pursue a postgraduate course in chemical engineering, candidates should have Bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering/Bachelor in Technology in chemical engineering from recognized University.

Diploma courses

 To pursue Diploma course in chemical engineering, candidates should be either Class X th pass or 10+2 pass in science stream with 50% marks in Physics, Maths and Chemistry subjects from recognized board examination.

 

FUTURE PROSPECTS

Chemical engineering caters to different fields such as Nuclear Energy, Agriculture, Consumer Products, Oil refineries, FMCG manufacturing, software industry. Chemical engineering prospects are good in India. There are so many plants all over the country manufacturing chemicals. So, no reason for engineers not to get jobs in this field. Chemical engineering offers multiple career opportunities which are the reason for its growing preference among the students. Chemical engineers can apply for jobs in public as well as government sector. There are also lucrative employment opportunities in industries like food, fertilizer, speciality chemicals, paints, pesticides, plastics, polymers, pharmaceuticals, etc. They can also opt for teaching as a career or go for research in other organizations like atomic power plants and defence services.

 

JOB AREAS

  • Chemicals manufacturing industries
  • Petroleum industry
  • Food industry
  • Electronics industry
  • Rubber industry
  • Textiles industry
  •  Paper & Pulp industry
  • Aerospace industry
  • Plastic industry
  • Cement industry
  • Public sector units
  • Fertilizer industry

 

TOP COLLEGES FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

  • IIT, Bombay
  •  IIT, Delhi
  • IIT, Kanpur
  • IIT, Kharagpur
  • IIT, Madras
  • IIT, Roorkee
  • BITS Pilani
  • IIT BHU Varanasi
  • IIT Guwahati
  •  NIT Trichy
  • NIT Surathkal
  • Jadavpur University Faculty Council of Engineering & Technology
  • MNNIT Allahabad
  • MNIT Jaipur
  •  VNIT Nagpur
  • Thapar University Patiala
  • NIT Rourkela
  •  Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal
  • R.V.College of Engineering Bangalore

 

BEST BOOKS FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

  • Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook
  • Crane Technical Paper No. 410
  • Gas Processing Suppliers Association Engineering Databook
  • Henry Kister's Distillation Design
  • Henry Kister's Distillation Operation

 

DOWNSIDES OF THIS CAREER

  • When working with all the toxic chemicals needed to create a finished product, accidents may seem easy to occur and can directly affect health.
  •  Many reactions that they create, have byproducts that affect the environment and can really contribute to global warming. This may not be the easiest thing to think about for some.